Parts of Speech: Adjectives and Greek Heroes

Parts of Speech: Adjectives and Greek Heroes

Parts of Speech: Adjectives, Adverbs, and Greek Heroes What is an adjective? Adjectives are words that modify (describe) a noun or pronoun. Adjectives answer the following questions: What kind? How many? How much? Which one?* Heracles is considered by many to be the greatest Greek hero. He was a strong, brave, and just man. What kind? Heracles is famous for completing the Twelve Labors, difficult challenges which included slaying a hydra with nine heads. How many? Heracles was a hero because he had more bravery than the average person. How much? We remember those stories about Heracles even today. Which one? *adapted from http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/adjective.htm and

the Holt High School Handbook Adjectives and Commas When you have multiple adjectives in a list, you sometimes need commas to separate them. Coordinate adjectives occur in a list whose meaning stays the same, even when the adjectives are rearranged. You need to separate these with commas. Noncoordinate adjectives occur when the list must retain its order to preserve its meaning. You do not need to separate these with commas. The Choice of Heracles (1596), Carracci When Heracles was a young man, he was given a choice between a happy, easy, forgettable life, or a difficult, painful, glorious life. These two lists of adjectives could be rearranged; therefore they are coordinate and require commas. Of Zeuss many illegitimate children, Heracles is the one most people know about today. It wouldnt make sense for you to say illegitimate, many; therefore, the adjectives are noncoordinate and should not have commas. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Some adjectives also give us information

about whether the noun being described is more or most in a certain category. kind of adjective one syllable two syllables three syllables comparative superlative add er, ier, or r to the end of the word add er, ier, or r to the end of the word (usually) add est, iest, or st to the end of the word add est, iest, or st to the end of the word (usually) add more in front of the word add most in front of the word Exceptions

adjective good bad little much far comparative better worse less more farther/further superlative best worst least most farthest/furthest* *Farther/farthest refer to literal distance (It is farther to Dallas that to Austin.), which further/furthest refer to non-literal distance (Studying will take you further in life than watching TV. Atalanta was the fastest person, male or female, in Ancient Greece.

The Race Between Atalanta and Hippomenes (1680), Columbel Hippomenes fell in love with Atalanta, and even though she was faster than he was, he tricked her by throwing golden apples in her path. She lost the race and had to marry him. Although Theseus is most famous for defeating the Minotaur, it was actually the Princess Ariadne who came up with the idea for him to escape the labyrinth using a ball of twine. Ariadne was more intelligent than many other Greek princesses. Theseus and Ariadne at the Entrance of the Labyrinth (1812), Westall Adjectives and Writing In general, writers should attempt to use more precise, specific nouns instead of general nouns along with adjectives. This allows writers to communicate their message more efficiently.

Perseus with the Head of Medusa (1545), Cellini Perseus decided to go on a difficult journey to defeat Medusa. Medusa was a scary woman who had serpents for hair. People who looked into her eyes would be turned into stone. Perseus defeated Medusa by holding up a shiny metal shield so that she turned herself into a statue. quest Perseus decided to go on a difficult journey to defeat Medusa. Medusa monster was a scary woman who had serpents for hair. People who looked into her eyes would be turned into stone. Perseus defeated Medusa by reflective holding up a shiny metal shield so that she turned herself into a statue. What is an adverb? Adverbs are words used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Jason was a prince in Ancient Greece who had to go on an adventure to prove that he was worthy of being king of his homeland. He fearlessly sailed between two great clashing rocks to reach a distant land. fearlessly modifies a verb (sailed) He slaughtered the Harpies, a trio of very vicious, bird-like monsters who tormented people. very modifies an adjective (vicious) The myths about Jason are still widely known in our world today, in large part because of the films and TV shows that depict his adventures. Jason and the Argonauts (1963), Columbia Pictures

still modifies another adverb (widely, which modifies known) Kinds of Adverbs Adverbs of manner describe how something is done. Examples: angrily, quickly, skillfully (often words that end in -ly) Adverbs of time describe when something is done. Examples: afterwards, already, always, early, finally, immediately, now, recently, soon, still, then, today, tomorrow, yesterday, yet Adverbs of place describe where something is done. Examples: above, below, here, outside, there, under Adverbs of degree describe to what extent or how much something is done. Examples: a (little) bit, a lot, absolutely, almost, completely, enough, entirely, extremely, fairly, highly, nearly, perfectly, pretty, quite, rather, really, slightly, so, somewhat, too, totally, utterly, very Adverbs of frequency describe how often something is done. Examples: again, almost, always, ever, frequently, generally, hardly, never, occasionally, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually Come up with your own examples about Ancient Greek heroes using these different kinds of adverbs!

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