Parts of Speech - Time4Writing

Parts of Speech - Time4Writing

Parts of Speech Recognizing the Different Word Types Time4Writing provides these teaching materials to teachers and parents at no cost. More presentations, handouts, interactive online exercises, and video lessons are freely available at Consider linking to these resources from your school, teacher, or homeschool educational site. The rules: These materials must maintain the visibility of the Time4Writing trademark and copyright information. They can be copied and used for educational purposes. They are not for resale. Want to give us feedback? We'd like to hear your views: [email protected] 2016 All Rights Reserved. Every sentence should have a subject and a predicate and express a complete thought. The girl walked home.

But what does that mean, exactly? In this sentence, girl is the subject, and walked is the predicate. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. The predicate is the part of a sentence which tells us what the subject does or is. 2016 All Rights Reserved. There are 8 different Parts of Speech Is there a 9th part of speech? Articles like a,

an and the are sometimes considered to be adjectives; while other authorities identify articles as a separate part of speech. 2016 All Rights Reserved. Noun Verb

Adjective Adverb Pronoun Conjunction Preposition Interjection A noun is a naming word. A noun names all sorts of things: 2016 All Rights Reserved.

a person a place an object an idea a quality an animal Some examples of nouns: 2016 All Rights Reserved. person: doctor a place: doctors

office an object: stethoscope an idea: healing a quality: compassion A special kind of noun is a proper noun. Common nouns name general places, things, ideas, or people (e.g. man, mountain, day). Proper nouns name specific places, things, ideas, or people (e.g. John, Mt. Fuji, Monday). 2016 All Rights Reserved.

A verb describes what you are doing (action) or how you are being or feeling (state). Action verbs: jump, run, sing, laugh, eat, fall, cook, remember, believe, think Abstract verbs: am, want, own, seem, like, fear, owe, mind, need, belong, love Notice that action words are not always acts that a physical body or object does. Your mind can also perform some actions, like thinking. What matters about verbs (both types) is that they tell you what is happening! 2016 All Rights Reserved. An adjective describes or modifies a

noun. They can also tell what kind, what color, or how many. Example: the tall teacher Example: the slow computer The adjective (tall) tells you something about the noun (teacher). The adjective (slow) tells you something about the noun (computer). 2016 All Rights Reserved.

Some examples of adjectives : You can use many different adjectives to describe almost every noun. 2016 All Rights Reserved.

green healthy fast windy delicious set smelly An adverb describes or modifies a verb. You could say that some adverbs tells you how something happens. Example: He spoke clearly. The adverb (clearly) tells

you the way he spoke (verb). 2016 All Rights Reserved. Example: She sang well. The adverb (well) tells you the way she sang (verb). Adverbs can also describe where or when something happens. Example: It rained everywhere Example: She left yesterday. The adverb (yesterday) tells

you when she left (verb). 2016 All Rights Reserved. The adverb (everywhere) tells you where it rained (verb). Adverbs can also tell to what extent or to what degree. Example: Extremely excited, the boy jumped up and down. The adverb (extremely) tells you to what degree the boy is excited (verb). 2016 All Rights Reserved.

Example: The house was completely covered in water. The adverb (completely) tells you to what extent the house is covered (verb). Some examples of adverbs: Notice that most adverbs describe how rather than where or when or to what extent. They also very often end in -ly.

2016 All Rights Reserved. quickly patiently thoroughly angrily thickly

now here very A pronoun acts like a noun, but stands in place of it. Example: I love my bike. I ride it all the time. Bike is the noun. It is the pronoun taking the place of the noun (bike). We use pronouns to avoid constant repetition of the same noun in a sentence. That would get boring! 2016 All Rights Reserved. You always need to know what the noun in the sentence is before using a pronoun.

Incorrect: I love it and always use it. Correct: I brought my lunch and ate it. The reader doesnt know what it refers to in the sentence. Lunch is the noun, so it (pronoun) refers back to the noun. 2016 All Rights Reserved. A conjunction joins two

words, phrases, or sentences together. Two sentences: I love my bike. I ride it all the time. Two sentences joined with a conjunction: I love my bike, and I ride it all the time. 2016 All Rights Reserved. Other examples and uses of conjunctions: But - I love running, but I hurt my foot. So - I read quickly, so I finished early. Because - I'm late because I slept in. Or - You can write the paper with a pencil or pen. And - I enjoy watching basketball and football.

2016 All Rights Reserved. A preposition joins a noun, pronoun, or phrase to another part of the sentence. The preposition almost always comes before the noun it refers to. The noun is called the object of the preposition. Example: The dog jumped over the fence. 2016 All Rights Reserved. In the example sentence, over is the preposition, and fence is the object. Over the fence is called a prepositional phrase. Prepositions often show location or position in the room across the table under the water on the fence However, prepositions arent always location words. They can link parts of a sentence in other ways and for other reasons. 2016 All Rights Reserved. Examples of non-positional prepositions: The garden benefited from the rain. (cause) We met at midnight. (time) The dogs fur was as soft as cotton . (comparison) That is the property of the teacher. Prepositions show the way in which their (possession) objects connect to the rest of the sentence. 2016 All Rights Reserved.

An interjection expresses emotion! It is often one word standing alone It is often followed by an exclamation mark 2016 All Rights Reserved. Sometimes an interjection may introduce a sentence, but it is not really connected in meaning to the events in the sentence.

Examples of interjections: Wow! Thats wonderful! Ah! I see! Okay, I believe you. Ouch! That hurt! Well, that was interesting. Notice there is not always an exclamation mark and that the interjection is not always on its own. 2016 All Rights Reserved. The End Sign up for one of these eightweek WRITING MECHANICS & GRAMMAR courses: Elementary School Grammar S kills

Middle School Writing Mechan ics High School Writing Mechanic s 2016 All Rights Reserved. More free WRITING MECHANICS & GRAMMAR resources: Subject-Verb Agreement Capitalization Punctuation Homophones, Homonyms, & H omographs

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