Passive Voice Passive Voice Riddle 1: Who am I ? When I am closed, I look like a sti ck. When I am opened, I look like a d ome. When I am not being used, I am k ept in a tight cover.
Passive Voice Riddle 2: Who am I ? The more I am used, the shorter I become. I am loved by teachers. I shouldnt be eaten. I am easily broken. I leave a powdery streak. In this lesson, we look at the form / meaning / use
of the passive: How do we form the passive? What does it mean? When should we use the passive ? Passive Voice Solomon Grun dy Born on a Monday
Christened on Tuesda y Married on Wednesda y Took ill on Thursday Worse on Friday Died on Saturday Buried on Sunday This is the end in Rhyme Exercise 1
Put was in the ( ) if needed. Solomon Grundywas ( ) born on a Mo nday. He (was ) christened on Tuesday. He ( ) married on Wednesday. He (
) took ill on Thursday. He (was ) worse on Friday He ( ) died on Saturday He (was ) buried on Sunday This is the end of Solomon Grundy. Passive Voice be + past participle To make the past particip
le: Regular verb s: Add ed. Irregular ver bs: See Appendix 6 (p. A-10 an d How is the passive formed? Be + past participle sell - sold - sold / build built - buil
t are sold for lots Original paintings ofsell for lots of money. were built Those pyramids built around 400 AD. If you want to name who per
formed the action (the agen t), use a by-phrase. I was given a recipe by a kind neighbor. The form of be shows the tense . The portrait was drawn by a street artis t. The portrait is being drawn by a street
artist. The portrait will be drawn by a street a rtist. The form of be shows the tense . The . portrait was drawn by a street artist
simple past The portrait is being drawn by a street present progressive artist. The tist. portraitsimple
will befuture drawn by a street ar Do Exercise 2, p. 49 1. had been forgotten Exercise 2, p. 49 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
7. 8. was established is manufactured is obtained will be required will be discovered is being made had been left 9. was built 10. is produced
11. will have been sent 12. had been noticed 13. will be needed 14. have been forgotten 15. are being studied Active sentences focus on performin g an action. My daughter made this painting.
A performer of the action Passive sentences focus on receivin g an action. This painting was made by my daughter. A receiver of the action He took this photo.
This photo was taken by him. focus focus on on performing the acti receiving the acti on.
on. He took this photo. This photo was taken by him. Only transitive verbs hav e passive forms The
passive can only be made from a verb that has an object (a transitive v erbv.t. in the dictionary). On p. 56, there is a list of some word s that never have passive forms. The civilization was disappeared. Exercise 2 Read each sentence and state if its possib
le to make the sentence passive. My mother painted this room. She painted from morning till night. The room looks bigger and bright. Exercise 2 Read each sentence and state if its possib le to make the sentence passive.
My mother painted this room. This room was painted by my She mother. painted from morning till night. No. The room looks bigger and bright. No. Exercise 3, p. 50 1. 2. 3.
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. are spoken have been mined are considered is eaten is consumed were worshipped has been developed
were both invented Exercise 7, p 52, No. 1 Active Pilots discovered the Nazca Lines. Passive The Nazca Lines were discovered by pilots. Exercise 7, p 52, no. 2 Active
The ancient Romans could not explai n Stonehenge. Passive Stonehenge could not be explained b y the ancient Romans. Exercise 7, p 52, no. 3 Active Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated Joh n F. Kennedy.
Passive John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. Exercise 7, p 52, no. 4 Active Beings from outer space visited the Earth. Passive The Earth was visited by beings from outer space.
Exercise 7, p 52, no. 5 Active Parents teach their children good manners. Passive Children are taught good manners b y their parents. Exercise 7, p 52, no. 6 Active
Society discriminates against social minorities. Passive Social minorities are discriminated against by society. Why do we use the passive? The person or thing performing the action is unknown. The window was
broken. - A by-phrase is not used. The person or thing performing th e action is not important. Too many books have been written about the Second World War.
Its clear to everyone who or what performed the action. I made a tasty dish the other night. This chicken was baked in the oven with carrots, potatoes, and lots of onions. -Who did the baking? We want to avoid saying who or what performed the action.
Why is this milk warm? Because it was left out for a while. I did it, but I dont want to admit Im the one who forgot to put it away. We want to highlight someones wor k. (often artistic or creative work) This concerto was
written by Beethoven. Exercise 4 Read each statement and explain why the passive voice is used. Our mail is delivered at the same time e very day. - Its clear to everyone who delivered the mail. Here are my books. They are written for English language learners. - Its clear from the context. I wrote
them. Wife to husband, Honey, the trash bags werent put in the trash cans. It looks kin d of messy, dont you think? - To avoid accusing the other person. These jeans were made in Hong Kong.
- We dont know exactly who made these jeans. Compare with text, p. 57 When do we use the pass ive? If the agent if unknown If the agent is not the focus If the agent is obvious from the conte xt
To focus on the receiver To make general explanations In scientific and technical writing CAUTION Be careful: When describing how som ething is done (rather than how to do it yourself), passive may be necessary i n English when it is not present in the
Chinese. Example from the home work WRONG: The pulp that remains after filtering can fry
and add to other dishes, or they can feed pigs. Who is feeding the pigs? Example from the home work CORRECTED: The pulp that remains
after filtering can be fried and added to other dishes, or they As long as were being fed, we dont care whos feeding us! can be fed to pigs. p. 59, Exercise 13 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
7. 8. began were intended were called started/ was start ed was referred to was comprise stand
9. know 10. were written 11. existed p. 60, Exercise 14 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
9. was built was designed serve consider was made intended to be located copy planned 10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. d consist was used was imprisoned died got
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