Democracy and its Discontents Modern Readings in Theory 2 Whats Charisma Got to Do with It? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vvTGfz-I-qM&t=1m51s
Whats Charisma Got to Do with It? Donald the charismatic leader Jeb the rational (?) leader Advantages?
Disadvantages? Advantages? Disadvantages? Agenda
Democracy and its Discontents Three Thinkers
Discussion-Debate Introduction to Issues, Texts Weber, Michels, Finley Which Model for Pericles? Democracy and its Discontents Introduction to Issues, Texts
How stable, how functional was Athenian democracy? How stable, how functional was Athenian democracy? Or rather, How do our ancient texts approach that question?
Democracy and its Discontents Sophists
New Politicians Stasis Recovery Three Thinkers Weber, Michels, Finley Webers Ideal Types
Weber: Legitimate Domination Legal authority (bureaucratic) Traditional authority (theocratic)
Charismatic authority (democratic?) Resting on devotion to an individual person, and patterns or order revealed/ordained by [him/her]. (215) Weber, Max. Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology. Trans. Ephraim Fischoff et al. 2 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978. Print.
. . . a variant of charismatic authority, which hides behind a legitimacy that is formally derived from the will of the governed (268). cf., . . . demagogues prostatai tou dmou
Organization as such requires oligarchy Die oligarchischen Tendenzen der Gesellschaft, Archiv fr Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik (1908). Quoted in Scaff Max Weber and Robert Michels, American Journal of Sociology (1981) All animals are equal. Some animals are
more equal than others. (Orwell Animal Farm) Michels Iron Law every organ of the collectivity creates for itself, as soon as it becomes consolidated, interests peculiar to itself (353) the men who lead and nourish [the
movement] end by undergoing a gradual detachment from the masses (355) Michels, Robert. Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy. Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul. New York: Free Press, 1962. Print. . . . and Athenian democracy? (Plus Obers critique)
Finley on Charismatic Model 1. Athens atypical. Weberian typology inadequate. 2. Demagogues rare.
3. Structure unstable. 4. Popular legitimation contradicted. . . by elitist model. Discussion-Debate Which Model for Pericles?
To explain the leadership of a Pericles, which comes closest to shedding some kind of light on the problem? Is it: 1. Webers charismatic authority? 2. Michels iron law of oligarchy?
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