People, Places, and Events U.S. History Reconstruction and Reconstruction Amendments What is Reconstruction: Means to rebuild. In the case of the U.S, it meant to rebuild physically, economically, and
politically. What is an Amendment? Reconstruction Amendments annotation activity As you read, consider what was the purpose of the Reconstruction Amendments? Annotate the document as you read to support your answer. Steps of Annotating When annotating, complete all of these steps in the margins of the text:
1. Circle and define any unknown words. 2. Write a short summary at the end of each section 3. Underline/highlight key phrases. 4. Note word patterns, repetitions, point of view, or anything else that strikes you as confusing or important. 5. Write down questions (at least 3, if possible). 6. Identify specific sections with important information for later Unit One: Chasing the American Dream
Essential Questions: What should the U.S. Government do to help newly freed blacks assimilate into society? What were the two main perspectives of black leaders during the Progressive Era? PPE #1 Reconstruction Amendments amendments 13-15 that freed slaves, made ex-slaves citizens and gave black men the right to vote Freedmans Bureau federal agency established in 1865 to aid newly freed
slaves Teach reading and writing Help reunite families Encouraged blacks to find employment Oversaw contracts between plantation owners and free blacks
Booker T Washington and w.e.b Dubois What were the two main perspectives of black leaders during the Progressive Era? Follow the same process for annotation as before. In your notebook write a paragraph explaining their perspective using textual evidence.
Annotating Process When annotating, complete all of these steps in the margins of the text: 1. Circle and define any unknown words. 2. Write a short summary at the end of each section 3. Underline/highlight key phrases. 4. Note word patterns, repetitions, point of view, or anything else that strikes you as confusing or important. 5. Write down questions (at least 3, if possible). 6. Identify specific sections with important information for
later Booker T Washington and w.e.b Dubois Now that you have identified the two different perspectives of Booker T Washington and w.e.b Dubois, which perspective do you agree with most? Write a one paragraph response in your notebook.
What would Booker T. Washington say about the recent protests? What would w.e.b. DuBois say? PPE #2 Sharecropping southern black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop each year
PPE #2 Sharecropping southern black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop each year Segregation forced separation of different racial groups De jure by law called Jim Crow laws (Separate but equal)- ex. Different schools, bathrooms and restaurants. Even marriage De facto by tradition-ex. Right of away to whites, handshakes, Plessy v Ferguson The Supreme Court upheld state racial segregation laws (meant to keep blacks and whites separate) and established "separate but
equal NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) created in 1909 to work for political, educational, social, and economic equality for blacks Created in part by w.e.b. DuBois Essential Questions What were the major issues of the Gilded Age? What impact did Big Business have on the economy, politics and society during industrialization (18701900)?
PPE #3 The Gilded Age - 1870s to about 1900, coined by writer Mark Twain as an era of social problems masked by gold Pendleton Civil Service Act - 1883, established that jobs in the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit (ability) Industrialization 1880-1920, the U.S. economy changed from agricultural (farming) to one based on the manufacturing of goods laissez faire hands off government, belief that the gvt should
not interfere in the free market Gilded Age Poster Assignment Instructions 1. Write a complex one sentence summary of your topic. 2. Writer 5-8 facts about your topic. Make sure that your explanation of the facts is clear. 3. Finish with a so what statement.
Consider: What was the short and long term significance of your topic? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yCZtNE3g_sQ Topics 1. The Railroad (3:18) 2. Machine Power (4:30) 3. Urbanization (6:03) 4. African-American (9:00)
5. The Conquest (10:56) 6. The Victorians (13:14) 7. Seeking Reform (16:49)* 8. Gilded Politics (22:54) 9. The Birth (26:45) 10. The American Empire (29:14) 11. Innovations (31:27) Gilded Age writing activity Was the turn of the 20th century in the United
States truly a Gilded Age for all Americans? What were the positive and negative impact on the economy, politics and society during industrialization (1870-1900)? Gilded Age Industrialists PPE #4 Carnegie steel
Rockefeller oil Morganbanking Captain of Industry - business leader whose industry or personal fortune contributes positively to the country in some way. increase productivity, expand markets, provide more jobs, or acts of philanthropy (doing good for society). Robber Baron - businessmen who used exploitative (use selfishly
for one's own ends) practices to amass their wealth, such as paying low wages, squashing competition and building monopolies PPE #5 Immigration action of coming to live permanently from a foreign country Rags to Riches the American Dream in 1880, it encouraged both industrialists and immigrants Push Factor factors (reasons) immigrants chose to leave their homelands Pull Factor factors that drew (attracted, brought) immigrants to the United
States Labor Simulation - goals Get a job They are gender specific Find roommates to get an apartment Rent an apartment, girls need a male border Buy food calculate for the month
Buy other items you need PPE #6 Urban living in a city Urbanization growth of cities Tenement a multi-family apartment building in a city, usually old and occupied by the poor Americanization process of assimilating to American culture
PPE #7 Upton Sinclair socialist author who wrote The Jungle about the treatment of immigrants during the Gilded Age Meat Inspection Act Created in 1906 to inspect slaughter houses and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption Pure Food and Drug Act Created in 1906 and set standards of cleanliness and health for food and drugs
Food and Drug Administration - FDA EQ: What or who are defined as progressives and what were they attempting to reform? PPE #8
Progressive Era a period of social activism and political reform from the 1890s to the 1920s American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded in 1886, a union of skilled American workers that worked to improve working conditions Founded by Samuel Gompers Labor Union groups of workers that fought for reforms Higher wages, 8 hour day, safer working conditions
Labor Strike - mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances (complaints). The Social Gospel EQ: What did the Progressives want? When annotating, complete all of these steps in the margins of the text: 1. Circle and define any unknown words. 2. Write a short summary at the end of each
section 3. Underline/highlight key phrases. Current Laws governing working conditions Examples: Question: Would you encourage a person in your home country to move to the United States in 1900?
1. Fill out the graphic organizer as a group 2. Write your arguments on the strip of paper 3. Write your evidence on post-it notes 4. Put your evidence on the wall PPE #9 Populists farmers that formed unions to create better conditions William Jennings Bryan leader of the Populist party
Reform to change PPE #10 Teddy Roosevelt (TR) Progressive President from 1901-1908 Square Deal TRs Progressive government regulation program that included the following 3Cs conservation of natural resources, control of corporations
consumer protection http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBpfih7w4B8 Control Corporations Antiquities Act makes public parks Protect Consumers
Conserve the Environment Progressives 1. Jane Addams- Settlement house (Hull House)- created to help improve the lives of those at the bottom. William Jennings Bryan- Populist party; congressman Grover Cleveland- Pullman Strike- A Chicago based railroad strike. W.E.B DuBois- Progressive for African Americans, who
advocated education and entrepreneurship Thomas Edison- Inventor. Mostly known for the lightbulb I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work. Thomas Edison Progressives cont: Thomas Nast- Political cartoonist; who took on corruption through his work. Teddy Roosevelt- Progressive Presidente; agenda advocated his three Cs, conservation of resources, control of corporations and
consumer protection. President during the coal mine strikes. The Teddy Bear- Look at the previous slides for more info on his policies Jacob Riis- Photographer; How the Other Half lives Upton Sinclair- Author of the Jungle that brought to light the life of immigrants in the meatpacking industry and led to federal legislation of the industry Progressives Cont: Lincoln Steffens- Journalist and activist; known as a
muckraker, which is a person who takes on political and business corruption. The Shame of The Cities. William H. Taft- President used the Sherman Act, antitrust act to break up companies that held monopolies Ida Trabell- Muckraker, took down Rockefeller Booker T. Washington- Progressive African American who advocated advancement through community efforts. Additional Amendments 16th- Gave Congress the ability to create and
collect taxes 17th- Created to define the process of electing Senators 18th- Prohibition law, banned the production and sale of alcohol in the United States. 19th- Gave women the right to vote Additional Terms Chinese Exclusion Act- The first adopted ant-immigration law targeting
a specific group in American History Social Darwinism- A social theory that was used to explain the unequal social, political and economic structure in the early 20 th century. Womens Suffrage- The fight for womens right to vote. Led to the 19 th Amendment. Gospel of Wealth- Refer to Unit 1 Packet Womens Christian Temperance Union- Created to fight against the evils of alcohol. Help lead to the adoption of the 18th Amendment.
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