People Power and Post War Politics

People Power and Post War Politics

People Power and Post War Politics Prime Ministers Gough Whitlam By S. Angelo East Hills Girls Technology High School 2008 Gough Whitlam Policies Leadership Major Issues Background meetpm.asp?pmId=21&pageName=before Elections meetpm.asp? pmId=21&pageName=elections In Office meetpm.asp? pmId=21&pageName=inoffice EDWARD GOUGH WHITLAM Edward Gough WHITLAM Born: 11 July 1916, Kew, Victoria Education: Telopea Park High School and Canberra Grammar School; University of Sydney (1946) Employment: RAAF navigator; barrister Memberships: Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues and World Heritage Committee; World Conservation Union (IUCN); University of Sydney Senate; Academy of Athens; Hanoi Architectural

Heritage Foundation Marriage: 22 April 1942, Vaucluse, Sydney Children: Anthony (1944); Nicholas (1945); Stephen (1950); Catherine (1954) Honours: Queens Counsel (1962); Socialist International Plate of Honour (1976); Companion of the Order of POLITICAL CAREER Term as PM: 5 December 1972 11 November 1975 Terms as MP: House of Representatives: 17 February 1953 31 July 1978 (Werriwa); Deputy Leader of the Opposition (March 1960 February 1967); Leader of the Opposition (February 1967 December 1972; November 1975 December 1977) Portfolios: Thirteen portfolios: 519 December 1972 Foreign Affairs: December 1972 November 1973 Environment: July 1975 Memberships: Australian Labor Party (NSW branch, 1945; federal parliamentary Labor Party leader, February 1967 December 1977); Socialist International; UNESCO Executive Board After: Australian Ambassador to UNESCO (198386); Chair, National Gallery of Australia Council (198790); Chair, AustraliaChina Council (198691 Why did Labor win? Liberal PM William McMahon 23 years of Liberal Government Unpopularity during the Vietnam era Australians wanted a change

ITS TIME CAMPAIGN 1972 It's Time Its time for freedom, Its time for moving, Its time to begin, Yes Its time Its time Australia, Its time for moving, Its time for proving, Yes Its time Its time for all folk, Its time for moving, Its time to give, Yes Its time Its time for children, Its time to show them, Time to look ahead, Yes Its time Time for freedom, Time for moving, Time to be clear, Yes Its time Time Australia, Time for moving, Its time for proving, Yes Its time Time for better, Come together, Its time to move, Yes Its time Time to stand up, Time to shout it, Time, Time, Time, Yes Its time Time to move on, Time to stand up, time to say yes, Yes Its time What are the main points in this source? How do these connect with the reasons that may have led people to vote for the Labor Party in 1972? Source Study: Photographs

Why do you think Gough Whitlam is dressed this way? What is the general impression of Whitlam gained from this source? Source Study: POLICY SPEECH Gough Whitlams Policy Speech at Blacktown Civic Centre What do you think are the issues that would have led to many people voting for Labor in 1972? Explain why. Source Study: 1972 ELECTION RESULTS House of Representatives Elections 1972 ALP LIB CP IND Total Senate Election Results 1970 ALP LIB CP DLP NSW 28 10 7 -

45 NSW 28 10 7 - - 10 VIC 14 14 6 - 34 VIC 14 14 6 -

- 10 QLD 8 6 4 - 18 WA 4 3 2 - 9 QLD 8 6 4

- - 10 SA 7 5 - - 12 WA 4 3 2 - - 10 TAS 5 -

- - 5 SA 7 5 - - - 10 ACT 1 - - - 1 TAS 5

- - - - 10 NT - - 1 - 1 Total 67 38 20 - 125 Total 26

21 5 5 3 60 IND Total What was the margin by which the ALP party won the election? Remember to consider that they needed to beat the Coalition! Why are the results for the 1970 Senate shown and not 1972? (Trick question) Who held the majority in the Senate? What would this mean for passing legislation for Whitlams policies? Source Study: Political Cartoons What is the cartoonist Bruce Petty 5/12/72 19/12/72 Gough Whitlam - Prime Minister 13 portfolios

Minister for Foreign Affairs Treasurer Attorney-General Minister for Customs and Excise Minister for Trade and Industry Minister for Shipping and Transport Minister for Education and Science Minister for Civil Aviation Minister for Housing Minister for Works Minister for External Territories Minister for the Environment, Aborigines and the Arts Lance Barnard - Deputy Prime Minister - 14 portfolios Minister for Defence Minister for Supply Minister for the Army Minister for the Navy Minister for Air Postmaster-General Minister for Labour and National Service Minister for Social Services Minister for Immigration Minister for the Interior Minister for Primary Industry

Minister for Repatriation Minister for Health Minister for National Development 40 major policy changes started as part of reform program What does this suggest about Whitlams leadership style? How do you think Australians would have viewed him in light of this? GOUGH TRIVIA only Prime Minister to grow up in the national capital dubbed the young brolga when he entered parliament, for his height (194cm) and imperious bearing one of only two Prime Ministers whose lifetime spanned the lives of all 25 Prime Ministers in Australias first century (John Gorton was the other) was on active service in World War II as a RAAF navigator, despite suffering badly from airsickness only Prime Minister dismissed from office the Whitlam Institute was developed within the University of Western Sydney in 2000

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