Pharmacology Basics TERESA PECK BSN, RN 2008 Drug Nomenclature Chemical-Scientific Name Generic name
NOT CAPITALIZED Official Name Brand or Trade name Symbol R with a circle around it Name capitalized Drug Classifications
Body system Therapeutic or clinical use Chemical action Prescription vs non-prescription Illegal or recreational Pregnancy Categories
A-no risk B-minimal risk or no studies done C-risk identified D-well studied definite risk-benefit may out do risk X-positive evidence fetal anormalities-not used PRACTICE EXAMPLES
Use your drug book Find 5 Medications Tell us the scientific, trade and generic names What are drugs made of?
Minerals Plant Animal Synthesis Microorganisms Drug Preparations VEHICLES Solid Preparations
Capsule Tablet Pill Lozenge Drug Preparations Solid Preparations
Suppository Ointment Powder Tablets or pills may be scored Drug Preparations
Fluid preparations Oral parenteral or injectable or IV Pharmacokinetics Absorption Distribution
Metabolism Excretion Absorption-movement of a drug into the bloodstream. May be via several routes Oral-broken down in aqueous environment
Enters GI tract, absorption continues Absorption may be further influenced by gut motility, prior surgery to the intestines, simultaneous intake of food, other drugs, and many other factors. Distribution Depends on tissue permeability
Depends on tissue perfusion Depends on amount of blood flow pH can affect Excretion Relies mostly on KIDNEYS Also referred to as clearance Factors Influencing Drug Action Age
Body Weight Metabolic Rate Illness Psychological Aspects
Placebo effect Tolerance/Dependence Cumulative effect Drug Action Each drug has a DESIRED effect Can also cause undesirable effects-known as side effects LOOK IN DRUG BOOK- find desired action, list
of side effects Adverse Reactions Allergic Reactions Hives Itching
Teratogen Drug Interactions Drugs can mix or interact with other things Drugs Foods Juices
Drug Legislation Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938 Controlled Substances Act, 1970 Schedule I Schedule II
Schedule III Schedule IV Schedule V Drug Development Preclinical research Clinical research and development New drug application review Postmarketing surveillance
Common Abbreviations Daily BID=twice daily** PRN=as needed Ad lib=as much as needed
Mg=milligram Ml=milliliter C=with Common Abbreviations
Tid=three times a day** Stat=NOW NGT=via nasogastric tube Gr=grain Gtt=drops Od=right eye Os=left eye Ou=both eyes
Pc=after eating Ac=before eating Q=every Qh=every hour Six Rights of Medication Administration
Right Drug Right Time Right Dose Right Patient Right Route Right Documentation Nursing Process in Med Administration
Assessment data collection Nursing diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation Drug Action Across the LifeSpan
Absorption Distribution Metabolism Excretion Toxicity Pregnancy/Breast-feeding Patient Education and Medication Therapy
Noncompliance We learn three basic ways Learning needs to be focused, repetitive Need to address all ways people learn Determine readiness to learn Determine barriers (age, cognition, hearing/vision impairments) SPACE OUT TEACHING
Heather J. MacLean Chichester, Ph.D. ... Todd Allen Cynthia Papesch Jack Henderson Rita Baranwal Lance Snead Arthur Motta Bryan Chin Dion Sunderland Maria Okuniewski Kenneth Geelhood Heng Ban Vincenzo Rondinella Robert Hanrahan Heather Chichester James Stubbins Djamel Kaoumi Jacob Eapen...
Flexible Workand TeleworkArrangementsfor SPA and EPA Non-Faculty EmployeesUniversity Policy 101.22Jeanne MadorinExecutive Director of Human Resources for EPA Non-Faculty Administration, Employee Relations, and Compliance. Office of Legal Affairs
Venus Maritima - Pompeii. Wolf of the Capitoline - Rome. 2013-11-04. ... whether we see something like the mutuality f speaks of in some of these roman and late antique sources - both a sexuality and a gender issue. but...
Ron Davis Stanford. Maik Huttemann and Ick Soo Lee, WSU. Edmond Rings Groningen Holland. Funding support. John Reiners, WSU. Nardhy Gomez-Lopez . WSU. Zhengpeng YI WSU. Stephen Lye. U Toronto. Sascha Drewlo WSU. Emin Maltepe UCSF. Kezhong Zhang WSU. Josh...
A frequently heard metrical description is iambic pentameter: a line of five iambs. This is a meter especially familiar because it occurs in all blank verse (such as Shakespeare's plays), heroic couplets, and sonnets.
Christ Above All a study in Colossians for the Twixt N Tween Class March-April 2009 about Mac Hendersonville native; Laura: St. Louis Lipscomb University Director of Public Services at Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 19th Ave South near Vandy Research...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!