Poetic Structures - WordPress.com

Poetic Structures - WordPress.com

POETIC STRUCTURES 2/9/20 OVERVIEW On the next slides you will see a range of poems Please try to define their structures, looking at length, rhyme schemes and rhythmic patterning. Since you will be writing your own poems for the Remembrance competition, this will help you to write with more elegance Poems are the product of careful thought and a re not left to chance Here are some examples. The Battle of Blenheim BY ROBERT SOUTHEY For many thousand men," said he, "Were slain in that great victory." It was a summer evening, Old Kaspar's work was done, And he before his cottage door Was sitting in the sun, And by him sported on the green His little grandchild Wilhelmine. "Now tell us what 'twas all about," In playing there had found; He came to ask what he had found, That was so large, and smooth, and round.

And little Wilhelmine looks up With wonder-waiting eyes; "Now tell us all about the war, "It was the English," Kaspar cried, And, with a natural sigh, "'Tis some poor fellow's skull," said he, "Who fell in the great victory. But what they fought each other for, I could not well make out; But everybody said," quoth he, "My father lived at Blenheim then, The ploughshare turns them out! Lay rotting in the sun; After a famous victory. "Great praise the Duke of Marlbro' won, And our good Prince Eugene." "Why, 'twas a very wicked thing!" Said little Wilhelmine. "It was a famous victory. Yon little stream hard by; They burnt his dwelling to the ground, And he was forced to fly; So with his wife and child he fled, Nor had he where to rest his head.

And often when I go to plough, For many thousand bodies here "Nay... nay... my little girl," quoth he, "I find them in the garden, For there's many here about; After the field was won; "Who put the French to rout; "That 'twas a famous victory. And then the old man shook his head, "They say it was a shocking sight But things like that, you know, must be Old Kaspar took it from the boy, Who stood expectant by; At every famous victory. Young Peterkin, he cries; And what they fought each other for." Which he beside the rivulet And new-born baby died;

But things like that, you know, must be She saw her brother Peterkin Roll something large and round, And many a childing mother then, "And everybody praised the Duke Who this great fight did win." "But what good came of it at last?" Quoth little Peterkin. "Why that I cannot tell," said he, "With fire and sword the country round Was wasted far and wide, "But 'twas a famous victory." Anthem for Doomed YouthRelated Poem Content Details BY WILFRED OWEN What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? Only the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle Can patter out their hasty orisons. No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells; Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs, The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells; And bugles calling for them from sad shires. What candles may be held to speed them all? Not in the hands of boys, but in their eyes Shall shine the holy glimmers of goodbyes. The pallor of girls' brows shall be their pall; Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds,

And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds. Do not go gentle into that good night Dylan Thomas, 1914 - 1953 Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight, And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way, Do not go gentle into that good night. Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. And you, my father, there on the sad height, Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray. Do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light. "How Great My Grief" (Triolet) By Thomas Hardy How great my grief, my joys how few, Since first it was my fate to know thee! - Have the slow years not brought to view How great my grief, my joys how few, Nor memory shaped old times anew, Nor loving-kindness helped to show thee How great my grief, my joys how few,

Since first it was my fate to know thee? Are the lines the same length? Feels like a song. Tells a story BALLAD FORM Rhyme scheme? It was a summer evening, Old Kaspar's work was done, In playing there had found; He came to ask what he had found, That was so large, and smooth, and round. And he before his cottage door Was sitting in the sun, And by him sported on the green His little grandchild Wilhelmine. She saw her brother Peterkin Roll something large and round, Which he beside the rivulet Iambic rhythm.

How Who stood expectant by; many beats And then the old man shook his head, poer line And, with a natural sigh, here? Old Kaspar took it from the boy, "'Tis some poor fellow's skull," said he, "Who fell in the great victory. ANTHEM FOR DOOMED YOUTH What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? Only the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle Count the lines: what sort of poem is this Can patter out their hasty orisons. No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells; Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs, This is the volta: How does the

sense or focus change at this point? The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells; And bugles calling for them from sad shires. What candles may be held to speed them all? Not in the hands of boys, but in their eyes Shall shine the holy glimmers of goodbyes. The pallor of girls' brows shall be their pall; What happens to the rhyme in the last couplet? Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds, And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds. Can you identify the rhyme scheme VILLANELLE How long is the poem? What happens in the

last two lines Which lines are repeated? This is a constant pattern Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night. Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight, And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way, Do not go gentle into that good night. Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. And you, my father, there on the sad height, Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray. Do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light. How does the rhyme scheme work? Here: iambic

tread TRIOLET What patterns do you notice? How great my grief, my joys how few, Since first it was my fate to know thee! How does the - Have the slow years not brought to view grammar alter as each How great my grief, my joys how few, repetition takes place Nor memory shaped old times anew, Nor loving-kindness helped to show thee How great my grief, my joys how few, Since first it was my fate to know thee? Summarise the structure.

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