FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE SIMILE A comparison of two things using like, as than, or resembles. She is as beautiful as a sunrise. METAPHOR A direct comparison of two unlike things

All the worlds a stage, and we are merely players. - William Shakespeare IMAGERY Language that appeals to the senses. Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell.

then with cracked hands that ached from labor in the weekday weather . . . from Those Winter Sundays PERSONIFICATION An animal given humanlike qualities or an object given life-like qualities.

from Ninki by Shirley Jackson Ninki was by this time irritated beyond belief by the general air of incompetence exhibited in the kitchen, and she went into the living room and got Shax, who is extraordinarily lazy and never catches his own chipmunks, but who is, at least, a cat, and preferable, Ninki saw

clearly, to a man with a gun. SYMBOLISM When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else. = Innocence

= = America Peace ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are

naming BUZZ OR sounds that imitate another sound Ex)buzz, hiss, bang, boom, meow, bark

The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of each purple curtain . . . ALLITERATION Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?

ASSONANCE Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. (Often creates near rhyme.) Lake Fate Base Fade (All share the long a sound.)

ASSONANCE cont. Examples of ASSONANCE: Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing. John Masefield Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep. - William Shakespeare CONSONANCE Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . . The repeated consonant sounds can be

anywhere in the words silken, sad, uncertain, rustling . . Hyperbole An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true. Tall tales are hyperboles.

Example: He was so hungry, he ate that whole cornfield for lunch, stalks and all. Example: Im so hungry I could eat a horse. Example: I sprained my ankle. Its hurts so much its killing me. Oxymoron a figure of speech containing an apparent contradiction.

Example: Jumbo shrimp Example: silent scream Example: bitter sweet Example: deafening silence

Common oxymorons 'We won't say yes and we won't say no, but I'm giving you a definite maybe' 'You must try this new ice cream. It really is awfully good' 'Our next-door neighbor's dog is pretty ugly

Allusion Allusion comes from the verb allude which means to refer to An allusion is a reference to something famous. A tunnel walled and overlaid

With dazzling crystal: we had read Of rare Aladdins wondrous cave, And to our own his name we gave. From Snowbound John Greenleaf Whittier Allusions continued a reference within a work to something

famous outside it, such as a well-known person, place, event, story, or work of art, literature, music, pop culture. Type of metaphor Purpose-Lets reader/viewer understand new information, characters, plot, setting, etc. by connecting it to something already known. Allusion Example Sally had a smile that

rivaled that of the Mona Lisa. Since everyone is familiar with the painting, they can imagine what Sallys smile looks like. The makers of the Scream movie ALLUDED TO Munchs

work of art The Scream in order to instill fear. Paradox a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements but upon closer inspection might be true. Example :"All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." Animal Farm by George Orwell

Paradox examples "I must be cruel to be kind." - Hamlet by William Shakespeare "The silence of midnight, to speak truly, though apparently a paradox, rung in my ears ." - The Last Man by Mary Shelley

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