: Traditional Martial Arts A conduit for behavioral

: Traditional Martial Arts A conduit for behavioral change and cross-cultural acceptance Presented by: Danny Hakim, BFP Founder ICSSPE Conference: September 15, 2011 Budo for Peace About Danny Hakim

: Martial Arts 6th degree black belt in karate Australian National Karate Team in five World Championships Japanese National Karate Team; European Championships Coach of Israeli Karate Team Student of Kancho Kanazawa : Publication Budos Potential for Peace: Breaking Down Barriers in the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict

Founded: World Education Program Budo for Peace Budokan Martial Arts &Fitness Program Producer: Shadya Winner of International Documentary Film Festival, Amsterdam. PBS Educational Film Series. Education:

MA in Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Swinburne University Budo is the Japanese word for martial arts Its literal translation is: The way to prevent conflict. MARTIAL ARTS AS A MEDIATOR BETWEEN CULTURES WORLDWIDE Karate 50 million practitioners Taekwondo 70 million practitioners

Judo 2nd most popular sport worldwide From Inner-being to external harmony Meditation- inner harmony, awareness Budo values pursuit of excellence Gain self-control and responsibility Achieve respect & harmony with others The purpose of training is to tighten up the slack, toughen the body, and polish the spirit. Your spirit is the true shield. - Morihei Ueshiba (Founder of Aikido)

Code of conduct . Demands responsible behavior. Hierarchy of seniority and skill represented by color belts Built-in mentor system. Uniforms promote equality and modesty The ultimate aim of the art of karate lies not in victory or defeat, but in the perfection

of the character of its participants Gichin Funakoshi (Father of Modern Karate) As a foreign culture, martial arts is a bridge between different cultures Rituals Asian language and concepts Traditional Martial Arts

Dojo as a sanctuary Budo philosophy Philosophy While practicing budo, students learn correct manners, refine technical skills and develop the mind and body toward becoming a virtuous human being. The focus is less on goals of technical skills or

winning competition and more on understanding the true ideals of budo and cherishing its traditions By applying what theyve learned in training, BFP students learn to convert conflicts (both internal and external) into harmonious coexistence. From enemies to opponents to partners Shiai means competition; literally testing each other.

Individuals compete to mutually develop their skills, not defeat one another. Partner - works with you, not against you. Opponent - tries to make

himself and his technique better - at your expense. Opponent and partner are the same. Both are equally necessary to improve. Bowing is an expression of gratitude and respect. In effect, you are thanking your opponent for giving you the opportunity to improve your technique - Jigoro Kano (Founder of Judo)

Budo for Peace Using martial arts as a mediator between cultures . in the Middle East since 2004 Mission Statement Our mission is to bring youth from conflict areas together to participate in traditional Asian martial arts and learn their intrinsic values; thereby breaking down barriers to .coexistence

Goals Promote tolerance and inter-religious and inter-ethnic understanding. Instill self confidence and inner harmony in the participants, and teach them to break down barriers of ignorance and distrust. Develop an international network of Ambassadors of Peace through our young leaders. Create public awareness of budo, as a means to promote coexistence between people in conflict. History

BFP began as a one-time event in Delphi, Greece prior to the 2004 . Athens Olympics Youth in conflict joined together under the Olympic theme Lay ."down your weapons and compete in sports Organization activities Educational Program Dojos (Martial Arts Clubs)

Coexistence & womens empowerment Organization activities Civic responsibility Affiliate (KiAi) Clubs Mentor Program Educational Program

Taught in the local language For children aged 9-15 Clubs meet for 90-minute sessions twice weekly. One hour of martial arts training Half an hour of games, discussion and role play to connect the budo values to every day behavior.

Budo Values for Life Teaches basic values and life skills important for holistic development Humility: Acting without self-importance Responsibility: Meeting challenges with a brave spirit Courage and Commitment: Fighting injustice Honesty: Being truthful Gentleness: Living with affection and compassion Order: Being aware of what creates disorder Budo Values for Peace

Gives skills to resolve and prevent conflict and create conditions conducive to peace, from the interpersonal to the international Intelligence: Understanding what prevents peace Wisdom: Living without fear Kindness: Caring for others as you would like to be cared for Love: Being a martial arts warrior for peace Sensitivity: Having empathy toward others Respect: Honoring the dignity of all life Affiliate Club Benefits

Positive exposure in local communities Affiliate with fast-growing youth movement promoting tolerance and non-violence. Opportunity to impact larger population Free educational program and training for instructors and mentors

Womens Empowerment Club Locations Students Ages: 9-12 13-17 Located throughout Israels social and geographic

periphery Ethnic/Religious Breakdown Bedouin; 10.53% Secular Jewish; 26.32% Arab Muslim; 26.32% New immigrant; 15.79% Religious Jews; 5.26% Druze; 5.26% Arab Christian; 10.53% Traditional martial arts

AIKIDO KARATE JUDO TAEKWONDO KUNG FU Evaluation of influence Questionnaire 2008-2009 Are you willing to meet the other? (percent of respondents) 120 100

80 Jews Arabs 60 40 20 0 Beginning of the year End of the year

BFP Sphere of Influence 70 35000 60 30000 50

25000 BFP dojo Affi liate dojo Total dojos 40 30 15000

20 10000 10 5000 0 0

2010 2011 2012 Community Friends & Family Kids 20000

2013 Number of Dojos over time 2010 2011 2013 Number of People influenced over time

Assumptions: 20 children per dojo; 20 friends & family per child 100 community members per dojo 2012 Model for coexistence Buiene Nujidat is a mixed Muslim and Bedouin town in the Galilee with a history of intra-city youth violence. BFP classes reduced

violence in Buiene and then connected its club with nearby Mitzpe Netofa, a religious Jewish village. Future Goals Connect with millions of martial arts practitioners worldwide Open international affiliate clubs; currently working with connections in Palestinian Authority, Turkey, Jordan & France Organize international events; now working with the Israeli Ministry of Foreign

Affairs & Turkish Karate Federation for 2012 www.budoforpeace.org PHYSICAL DEMONSTRATION INDIVIDUAL SKILL PARTNER ACTIVITY GROUP TRAINING

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