UK Science in the Balance? UK Science is

UK Science in the Balance? UK Science is

UK Science in the Balance? UK Science is in the Balance The 3 Main Facets of Science

JxJy JyJx = iJz Chemistry all of it - in 30 seconds as easy as 0, 1, 2, 3 Research Strategy

We have had the three Es

Now we have the three Cs 3 Crises

Crisis 1 The desperate need to help the public, who do appreciate what science has done for them in the past,

Crisis 1 The desperate need to help the public, who do appreciate what science has done for them in the

past, to appreciate what it can do in the future Crisis 1 They must feel that wise decisions are

being made at the SET/society interface Urania William

Blake Artists and Science Science and the Media

Nanoscience NN & Nanotechnolog y

Nitrosethane Microwave Spectrum Me and my molecules Nitrosoethane

My Dog II Molecular

What is a nanometer? 1.00nm Hares Ratio

Insulated conducting wire Ray Whitby and Kuang Wen Hsu Susse x NNC

Molecular Shock Absorbers The Carbon Construction Kit 21st Century Perspective of

Chemistry vega presentation.ppt Monsieur Jourdain

Crisis 2 Are we on the verge of losing 50% Crisis, Crisis, (?) of our university

Crisisscience The NSF report that highlighted the relatively good level of well qualified 26-30 year old scientists must not be taken as an argument

for complacency because A-level Chem UG Chem In 1994 40,000

4000 In 2002 40,000 3000

Lott The combination of the Research Assessment Exercise and the

inadequate unit of resource allocation for science undergraduate teaching means that numerous science departments face closure The consequences for the Nation need

to be considered The cost of educating a scientist is much higher than twice that of an arts student The unit of resource factor of 2x is much too low Some of the factors that contribute are: much greater teaching time ( (ca 5x), the need for

well equipped labs, major direct and indirect costs eg space charges, greater need for heating, power utilities etc 1. Science education needs experiment 1. Science education needs experiment 2. Scientific method is not taught

1. Science education needs experiment 2. Scientific method is not taught 3. It is absorbed osmotically from the atmosphere of a research environment 1. Science education needs experiment 2. Scientific method is not taught

3. It is absorbed osmotically from the atmosphere of a research environment 4. Teaching only institutions cannot provide this and will not be accredited 1. Science education needs experiment 2. Scientific method is not taught 3. It is absorbed osmotically from the

atmosphere of a research environment 4. Teaching only institutions cannot provide this and will not be accredited 5. This is related to the notion of what a University is 1. The focusing of research into a few top heavy battleships will damage the science

base 1. The focusing of research into a few top heavy battleships will damage the science base 2. Varied research environments are vital for science teaching

1. The focusing of research into a few top heavy battleships will damage the science base 2. Varied research environments are vital for science teaching 3. Smaller universities are needed to provide the fluidity, range of environment and nurture young scientists who may in time

gravitate to the larger institutions 1. The focusing of research into a few top heavy battleships will damage the science base 2. Varied research environments are vital for science teaching 3. Smaller universities are needed to provide

the fluidity, range of environment and nurture young scientists who may in time gravitate to the larger institutions 4. Outstanding research groups have historically flourished in the smaller institutions EXAMPLES

HULL First Liquid Crystal Displays LEICESTER Genetic Fingerprinting

NOTTINGHAM NMR whole body imaging* KINGS DNA structure* SUSSEX Buckminsterfullerene*

*Nobel Prizewinning Discoveries Two more worrying factors The increase contribution

in National Insurance University salary inflation rate has for some time been running at about 3%

whereas allowance for only 2 has been made Crisis 3 The crisis in science education in particular of

the 11-15 age group Teachers teaching Science to pre 16s 80

70 60 50 No Degree No A-level 40 30

20 10 0 Phys Chem

Biol In a particular LEA, the ratio of teachers with a degree in the subject was Physics/Chemistry/Biology is 1/2/4 In one study sample of 30 PGCE science graduates in 1992

only 2 are still in teaching Language The Vega Science Trust www.vega.org.uk

TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material 1. Vega working to create an Internet teachers resource

TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material 1. Vega working to create an Internet teachers resource 2. Accessible free worldwide TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the

Provision of Teaching Material 1. Vega working to create an Internet teachers resource 2. Accessible free worldwide 3. Providing the best possible audio-visual teaching material TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the

Provision of Teaching Material 1. Vega working to create an Internet teachers resource 2. Accessible free worldwide 3. Providing the best possible audio-visual teaching material 4. Especially helpful for new teachers with limited specific experience

Where do you come Project Algebra and Geometry

Algebra and Geometry are easy. Here is an equation. Fill in the empty squares and solve the equation. F stands for the number of faces, C for the number of corners and E for the number of edges for a shape. For a cube F = 6. Could anything be easier? When you have worked out F, C and E for a shape you can solve the equation. F+CE=?

Equation Faces Corners Edges

F C E Cube

Pyramid Icosahedron Football What do you notice about the results ?

=? Algebra Its as easy as a, b, c 0

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8

9 10 Buckyball Workshop for Young Children with Manchester United

Sustainability dx a = dy Medical Notes Senior Nurses discussed problems

stemming from nurses inability to do simple maths Medical Notes Senior Nurses discussed problems stemming from nurses inability to do simple maths they put decimal points in the wrong

place so patients might receive 10 times more or times less medication than intended If theyre lucky! Medical Notes Senior Nurses discussed problems

stemming from nurses inability to do simple maths they put decimal points in the wrong place so patients might receive 10 times more or times less medication than intended they could not work out dose-to-bodyweight ratios which were particularly important for

giving drugs to children No kid should leave school without being able to expand or reduce an image in one go using a photocopier

3 4 By measuring and determining the ratio 4/3 = 1.33 = 133%

3/4 = 0.75 = 75% School Arts/Science project

The Dalton Buckyball Workshop MU RS.C MMU

Senior Nurses discussed problems stemming from nurses inability to do simple maths they put decimal points in the wrong place so patients might receive 10 times more or times less medication than intended they could not work out dose-to-bodyweight ratios which were particularly important for giving drugs to children

Medical Notes Senior Nurses discussed problems stemming from nurses inability to do simple maths they put decimal points in the wrong place so patients might receive 10 times more or times

less medication than intended EXAMPLES 35% of the GDP tied to Catalysis in some way or other TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material

TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material E =mc2 TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material

DNA E =mc2 TV (or www) Dinner Approach to the Provision of Teaching Material

E =mc2 DNA H2O Language

At a Faraday discussion meeting in Birmingham in 1954 on The study of fast reactions, the German scientist Manfred Eigen asked the Oxford don Ronnie Bell how the English language would describe reactions which were faster than fast. Ronnie Bell replied Damn fast reactions Manfred and if

they get faster than that, the English language will not fail you, you can call them damn fast reactions indeed!. 280 240

200 5 10 20 30

Age of Final proficiency in English arrival non-English speaking immigrants to According to the Economist 80% of teaching A leveldo Physics do ot

The crisis in science education The crisis in the decimation of science at UK Universities The crisis in the level of ignorance of the public over C3

Molires Bourgeois Gentilhomme MJ Monsieur Jourdain PM - Philosophy Master MJ I wish to write something to my lady

PM Then without doubt, it is verse you will need MJ No - not verse

PM Do you want only prose then? MJ No neither

PM It must be one or the other MJ Why?

PM There is no other way to express oneself other than in prose or verse MJ There is nothing but prose and verse?

PM No sir - everything that is not prose is verse and everything that is not verse is prose JM

And when one speaks - what is that then? PM Prose JM

Well by my faith! For more than forty years I have been speaking prose without knowing anything about it. I am much obliged to you for having taught me that Monsieur Jourdain Philosophy Master MJ - I agree we have to have SET for the good of society PM - Then it is nanotechnology we need

MJ - Non not N&N aaghhhh PM Do you want only High Energy Physics then? MJ No neither PM - It must be one or the other high energy particle physics or low energy which is (atons stuck together in molecule) schemistry molecule biology and moleculr physics moleules which are Why?

Because that is all there is There is nothing but High and low energy No sir - everything that is not High Energy Physics involves low energy and thus molecule which are nanometer in size and everythinh that is not |N&N is high energy science And when we do Well by my faith for more than forty years I have been using

th fruits of N&N withiout knowing anything about it I am much obliged sir Science deals with matter either at HIGH (nuclear) energies eg particle physics and cosmological events such as the Big Bang etc or our understanding of how atoms stick together in

chemical bonds at LOW energies around room temperature - what happens when ice freezes we boil water or an egg, take an aspirin etc Indeed anything that happens at nanoscale dimensions is nanoscience and nanotechnolgy (N&N) - so it encompasses all of chemistry - all of molecular physics and all of - molecular biology Is there anything left? Not much

Molires Bourgeois Gentilhomme MJ Monsieur Jourdain PM - Philosophy Master MJ I wish to write something to my lady

PM Then without doubt, it is verse you will need MJ No - not verse

PM Do you want only prose then? MJ No neither

PM It must be one or the other MJ Why?

PM Everything that is not prose is verse and everything that is not verse is prose JM And when one speaks - what is that then?

PM Prose JM Well by my faith! For more than forty years I

have been speaking prose without knowing anything about it. HIGH ENERGY MATTER particle physics and cosmological events such as the Big Bang etc LOW ENERGY MATTER Matter at low energies implicitly depends on

chemical bonds nanoscale science Today N&N is arguable all of chemistry together with molecular biology and molecular physics Is there anything left? Not much I have woken up in the 21st Century to discover that

I have been doing nanotechnology all my life

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