Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya li

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya li

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya li theologian and mufti y left Harran to avoid Mongol thre 69; thereafter brought up in Damas Succeeded father as head of a madr eligious college)

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) orked in various places as adminis teacher. Employed by Mamluk tans as jihad propagandist. Wrote ks, esp. fatwas on many legal topi ocate of Islamic reform nwards involved in number of polit theological disputes; repeatedly used of anthropomorphism. risoned several times

Ibn al-Shatir (1306-75) scene astronomer, also timekeeper nd chief muadhdhin (caller to pra t Great Umayyad Mosque Ibn al-Shatir (1306-75) ssed issue of eccentric movement o anets. Solved problem by assuming anets move in own circular orbits

biting earth try used by Ibn al-Shatir appears rope in mid-16th c. when Copernicu oposes heliocentric universe Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1 s Muslim historian, sociologist nd philosopher in Tunis, standard religious educa

ts died of plague when he was 17 Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1 o court at Fez and took up adminis ition, but soon left it to travel. ious adventures and worked in vari rts in Spain and N. Africa ally went to Cairo to escape plot, ived 1382

popular teacher, held various tea legal positions, incl. occasional Mamluk sultans. Met Timur Lang Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1 known for two works: . Kitab al-Ibar - universal histor . Al-Muqaddima - introduction to istorians craft as scientific purs roposes link between historical

evelopment and environment, with nstrumental factor being repeated nvasions by then corruption of noma Hafez (c. 1325-c. 1390) s Persian mystical poet, lived mos ife in Shiraz ted in religious sciences (hafiz = ho has memorised the Quran) and ersian poetry

but not ascetic. Lover of good li lyric poems in simple language, b eplete with symbolic images hammad ibn Battuta (b. Tangier 130 d. Morocco btw. 1368 and 1377) s al-Din Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Abd Allah al-Tanji

ned as qadi, then in 1325 set out perform hajj and find teachers. By returned to Morocco in 1349 had covered over 60,000 miles and done hajj three times hammad ibn Battuta (b. Tangier 130 d. Morocco btw. 1368 and 1377) ed through most of Muslim world. Ottoman sultan Orhan (r. 1326-62), han Abu Said (r. 1316-35) and

g, Khan of Golden Horde (r. 1313-4 ed sultan of Delhi for 7 years as spent several months in Maldives i role. Visit to China may have bee d to his travelogue (rihla) by his isited Mali and Granada

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