of the Spirit of Christ the suffering and

of the Spirit of Christ the suffering and

of the Spirit of Christ the suffering and the glory Figures & Facts What % of verses in the NT contain a reference to the OT? How many quotes in NT? How many allusions/parallels? How many formal quotations in the Revelation? Which OT books are quoted the most? Only 3 NT books contain no quotes or allusions: Which single verse is formally quoted the most? Which pair of OT/NT books have the biggest quote relationship? Which NT writer quotes the most OT? How many OT books does Jesus quote from?

2 Figures & Facts What % of verses in the NT contain a reference to the OT? Approx. 33% How many quotes in NT? 343 How many allusions/parallels? 2,309 How many formal quotations in the Revelation? 0 (620 allusions; several quotes, but none are The prophet sayeth) Which OT books are quoted the most? The Psalms (79 times), Isaiah (66 times) Only 3 NT books contain no quotes or allusions: Philemon, 2 & 3 John Which single verse is formally quoted the most? Lev 19:18 (Love thy neighbor as thyself); Paul makes a bold statement about this in Gal 5:14: All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love Which pair of OT/NT books have the biggest quote relationship? Isaiah/Romans (at least 38 quotes) Which NT writer quotes the most OT? Paul (speaks to his knowledge of the Law, the prophets and how they relate to the new covenant) 3 How many OT books does Jesus quote from? 27

What does Scripture say about Scripture? Scripture cannot be broken (John 10:34-35) It is noble to search the Scriptures to verify truths (Acts 17:11) They are for our learning, comfort, and hope (Rom 15:4) There are difficult and challenging things in them, and error of interpretation can lead to ones destruction (2 Pet 3:16) Scriptural prophecy is a gift to believers, but must be interpreted by Scripture itself, not by men; again, misinterpretation can lead to heresies and destruction (2 Pet 1:19 2:1) The whole of the OT spoke about Jesus coming (Luke 24:25-27) God first used prophets, then His son as witnesses and messengers of His truth (Heb 1:12) 4 What does Scripture say about Scripture? 1 Pet 1:7-13 (opening reading)

ESV (vs 10-12): Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories. It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look. 5 Reasons for quoting Scripture Apologetic Moral instruction Authority Proof of inspiration Interpretation/explanation Historical

Scriptural accuracy Examples for other believers Versatility Echoes Parallel events Evoking the spiritual from the natural 2 Tim 3:15-17 (ESV) the sacred writings (Holy ScripturesKJV), which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is breathed out by God, and is profitable for teaching (doctrine- KJV), for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good

6 work. Divine commentary Acts 7:21-28 / Ex 2:10-14 -Stephen adds a vital detail the OT leaves out- that Moses was aware while in Egypt that he was to be deliverer of Gods people- v 23, 25 of Acts 7 How long was the drought of Elijahs time? James 5:17 (not mentioned in OT) Confirmation of 9 of the 10 Commandments by Christ in the NT Jn 6:25-59 / Ex 16:4 (a running commentary on the whole shadow/type in the bread from heaven) Entire book of Hebrews (a running commentary on the Law) 1 Cor 10:1-4 / Ex 13:21-22, 14:22, 17:6 (that there was a national baptism in the Red Sea) Rev 13:8 / Gen 3:21 (a clue as to the animal slain the Garden for the coats of skin) Hos 12:2-4 / Gen 32:24 (the only way we can be sure it was angel in the Genesis account) 7

Fulfillments of prophecy Is 49:1-6 / Acts 13:46-47 (with Acts 9:15): (Spirit of Christ speaking in Isaiah) Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me; And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD, and my work with my God. And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength. And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. (Acts) Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting 8 life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a

light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth. Fulfillments of prophecy Hos 11:1 / Mt 2:13-15 (called my son out of Egypt) Is 9:1-2 / Mt 4:12-17 (fulfilled in a specific journey and at a specific time when Jesus began his preaching) Is 42:1-4 / Mt 12:14-21 (the specific fulfillment was in Jesus withdrawing himself and not making his miracles known to the masses) Ps 69:25 (let their habitation be desolate) & 109:8 (let another take his office) / Acts 1:16-20 (replacement of Judas) Joel 2:28-32 / Acts 2:17-21 (Peter says this was fulfilled on the Day of 9 Pentecost, but the context of Joel 2 is clearly end-times) ??? Changes & errors Deut 30:11-15 (12-14)/ Rom 10:4-10 (6-8) - Paul adds to/changes the quote (quoted in both

letter and spirit? Some freedoms taken? Exact interpretation?) Changes: beyond the sea to descend into the deep; he interprets the mouth and heart (where Gods word is) as confession and belief; ultimately, he interprets the choice of life and death given to the people as salvation in Jesus. Wrong author cited? Mt 27:9-10 / Zech 11:13 (not Jeremiah) No record of quote? James 4:5, Heb 12:21, Mt 2:23 Gen 15:6 / Rom 4:1-5 ct James 2:23-24 (2 different writers quoting same verse, making opposite arguments) 1 Pet 2:6 / Is 28:16 differences: make haste to be confounded; Isaiah- he that believeth, Peter adds on him (Isaiah doesnt indicate that the foundation/stone is a person) 1 Pet 2:25 / Is 53:6 differences: we have turned every one to his own way to but now are returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. Firstly, Peter does not introduce a formal quote, but he does quote the 1st half of verse, then makes the change which is a commentary on what we should be doing, turning to Christ our Shepherd Rev 7:16-17 / Is 49:10 differences: he that hath mercy on them to the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne (prog. rev.?); whos they? (Isaiah- the prisoners and those in darkness / Revelation- great multitude in robes of white)

10 John 19:36 / Ex 12:46 (Neither shall ye break a bone thereof)- changes the quote to apply to Jesus what was first spoken about an animal, the Passover lamb Clues to difficult passages (esp. in Hebrews) Ps 110 (most referenced passage including allusions; at least 13 allusions) / Heb 7:1-3, etc- how was Melchizedek made like unto the son of God, being before him? The history was written with a purpose which, however, was not evident until the Psalm linked the record in Genesis with another King of Salem who also will be a priest. Then when the Son of God had come, had offered himself, and had assumed the office of priest, the time had come for the unfolding of the hidden meaning of the sacred record. John Carter, Hebrews (progressive revelation) Heb 10:5-10 (also note v13) / Ps 40:6-8 Did Christ speak these words at some point? If so, when? Here it says he spoke them when he cometh into the world (possibly at his baptism when he was declared Gods only begotten son?). This is also another example of a quote being changed: Ps- mine ears hast thou

opened/digged (Ex 21:1-6) / Heb- a body hast thou prepared me. Why did Paul change it? Or did Jesus change it? Heb 1:6 / Ps 97:7 or Deut 32:43 LXX? We dont know for sure where the quote is, but when did all the angels of God worship Jesus? Lk 2:13-14 (at his birth) & Rev 5:11-12 (at his return/reign), and this is doctrinally important because it identifies the ONLY 2 times Gods first begotten was brought into the world (not at Creation) 11 Heb 1:10-12 / Ps 102:25-27 (study of Scriptural quotes gives clues to the most difficult Scriptural passage) Progressive revelation Defined: the concept that the sections of the Bible that were written later contain a fuller revelation of God compared to the earlier sections. The ultimate revelation of God is understood to be found in Jesus Christ as revealed in the Gospels. For example, the New Testament is to be used to better understand and interpret the Old Testament. As one (unidentified) writer has stated: The coming of the Son of Man was not an absolute isolated event in the history of mankind. There was a long preparation, a continuous development, a gradual

differentiation through the ages. Prince after prince, ruler after ruler, prophet after prophet, man of God after man of God, were sent. They were forerunners; they were types; they were links in the chain. They all pointed onwards and prepared the way for the coming Prince, Ruler, Prophet, the Man of God. The gifts, the powers, the excellencies, the glories of all were to be combined in one. He was to be Crown and Flower as he was also the root of all. All the events in all of the ages were marching forward to this culmination. Conscious and unconscious prophecy reached its fulfillment; its partial fulfillment as the earnest of the higher fulfilments to be. Bro Mansfield, Story of the Bible Vol. 5 12 The Bible is the most difficult of all books to understand. First, because the Old Testament division of it contains "The Hidden Wisdom of the Deity in a Mystery," and mysteries are not self-evident; Secondly, because "it is the glory of the Deity to conceal a thing," that it may be searched out by the honorable and noble-minded Into the hidden wisdom of the Old Testament both prophets and angels desired to look; but they were unable to lift the veil (1 Peter 1:10-12). The mystery could not be successfully searched out; but was, in the

wisdom of the Deity, to remain an impenetrable secret until, in His own previously-arranged and appointed times, He should think proper to make it known. The fulness of times was at length reached in the last days of the Mosaic Dispensation. In those days, now eighteen centuries past, "He commanded the light to shine out of darkness into men's hearts, for illumination of the knowledge of the glory of the Deity (already extant in the prophetic writings) in the face of Jesus Christ. (2 Cor 4:6)" This Spirit-light shed its illuminating rays upon the hidden knowledge of the divine glory, through the doctrine taught by Jesus Christ and his Apostles; which they delivered to the world "not in the words that man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Spirit teacheth" and which, as "the Revelation of the Mystery," they afterwards reduced to writing and transmitted to posterity, as "the New Testament of Jesus Christ" THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD without the law of Moses attested by that law and the prophets, is sometimes styled "the wisdom of God in a mystery," or secret, which was kept secret during the times of the ages, but through the apostles was made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the prophets made known to all nations for the obedience of faithIt was styled "a mystery" because it was so long impenetrably hid, that the prophets who uttered oracles concerning it, and the angels themselves, could not see into it. [Proof: Rom. 16:25-26; 1 Cor. 2:7-16; Eph. 3:3-6 (one of the details of the atonement being Gentile 13

inclusion); Col. 4:3; 1 Tim. 3:16] Bro Thomas, The Revealed Mystery The revealed mystery 1 Cor 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. Is 64:4 (with context) When thou didst terrible things which we looked not for For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, beside thee, what he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him. 14 for thou hast hid thy face from us The revealed mystery 1 Cor 2:9 (with context)

And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory: Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spiritthat we might know the 15 things that are freely given to us of GodFor who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? but we have the mind of Christ. Messianic quote changes Isaiah 8 Vs 12-13- Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be

your dread. V 14- And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 1 Pet 2:6-8 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. Rom 9:33, 10:4 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth 16 on him shall not be ashamedFor Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Messianic quote changes Joel 2:32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered:

for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call. Rom 10:6-13 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach (Deut 30:12-14); That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed (Is 28:16). For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same 17 Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. Messianic quote changes

Isaiah 60:1-2 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. Eph 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light. 18 Messianic quote changes Isaiah 45:21-23 Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me

every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. Philip 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him (Christ Jesus, from v. 5), and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue 19 should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Messianic quote changes Jn 12:37, 39-40 But though he (Jesus, V. 36) had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on himTherefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. Vs. 41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. Isaiah 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Make

the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. Vs. 1-3 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the LORD sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: 20 the whole earth is full of his glory. The Sonship of Jesus Thus, "the Logos became flesh, and dwelt among us," says John, "and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only-begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth;" for "the law was given through Moses; the grace and the truth came through Jesus Anointed" (John 1:14, 17). Now, "Theos was the Logos," says John; that is, Deity was the Word; and this Word became flesh in the manner testified. Was the product, therefore, not Deity? Did the unions of spirit with flesh annihilate that spirit, and leave only flesh? Was the holy

thing born a mere son of Adam? Or "the fellow" and "equal" of the Deity? (Zech. 13:7; John 5:18; Phil. 2:6). The latter unquestionably. - Bro John Thomas, Eureka Vol. 1 21 The Sonship of Jesus The special and emphatic manner in which he is frequently called the Son of God clearly shows that he was of divine begettal; and when we keep in mind that he was "made of a woman" and that he originated by the power of God through the Holy Spirit, we shall be able to properly understand how he could be divine and yet human; each aspect will be seen in its true light as combined in one who could be a Saviour indeed and a mediator between God and men--the direct offspring of God as a means of manifesting the divine attributes; and "made like unto his brethren" in nature in order that he might be "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" and thus be a "merciful high priest," as the result of experiencing the suffering of mankind.Naturally there was in Jesus the human will; but supernaturally he was also embued with the divine will.

- Bro Thomas Williams, The Worlds Redemption 22 Messianic quotes The 7 sayings of Christ on the cross (4 are OT quotes/allusions): Lk 23:34 (Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do) / Is 53:12 (numbered with/made intercession for the transgressors) Lk 23:43 (Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise) Jn 19:26-27 (Woman, behold thy son(to John) Behold thy mother) Mt 27:46 (Eli, Eli, lama *sabacthani) / Ps 22:1 (My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?) *cebak = thicket (Gen 22:13) Jn 19:28 (I thirst) / Ps 69:21 (in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink) Jn 19:30 (It is finished) Lk 23:46 (Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit) / Ps 31:5 (Into thine hand I commit my spirit) 23

Messianic quotes Psalm 31 V 5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit (the last words of Jesus before his death) Does the balance of V 5 contain his 1st words after resurrection? thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth. The whole Psalm fits as words from Jesus to his Father: V 10- For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing: my strength faileth because of mine iniquity, and my bones are consumed. V 22-24- For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee. O love the LORD, all ye his saints: for the LORD preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer. Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the LORD. 24 Messianic quotes Psalm 22 V 1- My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? (Mt 27:46, Mk 15:34) why art thou so far

from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? V 7- All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head (Mt 27:39), saying, V 8- He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. (Mt 27:43) V 18- They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. (Mt 27:35) V 22- I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee. (Heb 2:12- presented as words literally spoken by Jesus) The entire Psalm is words of Jesus to/about his Father 25 Messianic quotes John 15:25 But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause. Psalm 35:11-19 (again, words of Jesus)

False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not. They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul. But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom. I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother. But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not: With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth. Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions. I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people. Let not them that are mine enemies26 wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause. Messianic quotes Eph 4:6-10 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he (David? God?) saith, When he (Jesus) ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?

He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.) Ps 68 (alternates being written in the 3rd person by David about God & in the 2nd person to God); vs 1718: The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou 27 hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them. Messianic quotes Psalm 69 V 4- They that hate me without a cause (Jn 15:25) are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away. V 8-10- I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children. For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up (Jn 2:17); and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me (Rom 15:3). When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. V 21-25- They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink (Mt 27, Mk 15,

Lk 23, Jn 19). Let their table become a snare before them : and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap. Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake (Rom 11:9-10). Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them. Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents. (Acts 1:20) V 3- I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God. V 8- I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children. V 10- When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. V 29- But I am poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high. 28 Messianic quotes Psalm 78 V 1-2- Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth. I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: (Mt 13:35) V 15-16- He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths. He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers. (1 Cor 10:4- and

that Rock was Christ) V 59-61- When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel: So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh (Gen 49:10- until Shiloh come), the tent (tabernacle, God with us) which he placed among men; And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemy's hand. V 67-71- Moreover he refused the tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim: But chose the tribe of Judah (Heb 7:13-14), the mount Zion which he loved. And he built his sanctuary like high palaces, like the earth which he hath established for ever. He chose David also his servant 29 (Rom 1:3), and took him from the sheepfolds: From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. Messianic quotes Psalm 91 V 11-12- For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. Where is this quoted? Who quotes it? Mt 4:6

And (the tempter / devil) saith unto him (Jesus), If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Entire Psalm can be read as words to Jesus (possibly alternating between the Psalmist and God as the speakers) V 3- Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence. V 13- Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. V 14-16- Because he hath set his love upon me (God), therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, 30 because he hath known my name. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation. Messianic quotes Psalm 118 V 22-26- The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. This is the LORD's doing; it is marvellous in our eyes (Mt 21, Mk 12, Lk 10, Acts 4:11, Eph 2:20). This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD

(MT 21 & 23, MK 11, LK 13, & 19, JN 12): we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD. Entire Psalm can be read as words about/by Jesus V 6- The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me? V 10- All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them. V 16-18- The right hand of the LORD (Ps 80:17- the man of thy right handthe son of man whom thou raised up) is exalted: the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly. I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the LORD. The LORD hath chastened me sore: but he hath not given me over unto death. 31 V 21- I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation. Messianic quotes Isaiah 50 V 1-3 (Yahweh speaking) - Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away. Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst. I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth

their covering. V 4-9 (a response from His son, the Spirit of Christ)- The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned. The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear (Heb 10:5-10 / Ps 40:6-8), and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him 32 come near to me. Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment (*Heb 1:11); the moth shall eat them up. Messianic quotes Isaiah 53 (& 54) V 11b 54:1 (1st person, God speaking) by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous,

and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors (Mt 15:28, Lk 22:37); yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children of her who is married, says the LORD. 33 Isaiah 53 (ESV) V 1-11 (3rd person, Isaiah speaking) Who has believed what he has heard from us (Jn 12:38, Rom 10:16)? And to whom has the arm of

the LORD been revealed? For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or majesty that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows (Mt 8:17, 1 Pet 2:24); yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed (1 Pet 2:24). All we like sheep have gone astray (1 Pet 2:25, Gal 4:27); we have turnedevery oneto his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living (Acts 8:32), stricken for the transgression of my people? And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth (1 Pet 2:22) . Yet it was

the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. Out of the 34 anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. Luke 24- on the road to Emmaus V 25-27- Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. V 44-46- And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved 35

Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:

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