What Using The ASAM Criteria Really Means: Skill-Building

What Using The ASAM Criteria Really Means: Skill-Building and Systems Change David Mee-Lee, M.D. Chief Editor, The ASAM Criteria Senior Vice President The Change Companies Carson City, NV Davis, CA [email protected] www.changecompanies.net www.ASAMCriteria.org

www.asamcontinuum.org www.tipsntopics.com www.instituteforwellness.com This product is supported by Florida Department of Children and Families Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health funding.

Disclosure Statement www.tipsntopics.com www.ASAMCriteria.org www.changecompanies.net 2 www.ASAMCriteria.org 4

Generations of Clinical Care 1. Complications-driven Treatment No diagnosis continuing care Treatment of No complications

Relapse Mee-Lee, David (2001): Persons with Addictive Disorders, System Failures, and Managed Care Chapter 9, pp. 225265 in Managed Behavioral Health Care Handbook Generations of Clinical Care 2. Diagnosis-driven Treatment Diagnosis Program Relapse

Mee-Lee, David (2001): Persons with Addictive Disorders, System Failures, and Managed Care Chapter 9, pp. 225265 in Managed Behavioral Health Care Handbook Aftercare Number of Clients 100 90 80 70

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 CD Residential Clients by Number of Days in Placement April 2010 - September 2010 Number of Days in Placement

8 Generations of Clinical Care 3. Individualized, Clinically-driven Treatment Mee-Lee, David (2001) 4. Client-directed, Outcome-informed Feedback-informed Treatment Underlying Concepts (cont.)

Multidimensional Assessment 1. Acute intoxication and/or withdrawal potential 2. Biomedical conditions and complications 3. Emotional/behavioral/cognitive conditions and complications 4. Readiness to change 5. Relapse/continued use/continued problem potential 6. Recovery environment (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp. 43-53) Underlying Concepts (cont.)

Treatment Matching - Modalities Motivate - Dimension 4 Manage All Six Dimensions Medication Dimensions 1, 2, 3, 5 Meetings Dimensions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Monitor- All Six Dimensions Underlying Concepts (cont.)

Treatment Levels of Service I 1 Outpatient Treatment II 2 Intensive Outpatient and Partial Hospitalization III 3 Residential/Inpatient Treatment IV 4 Medically-Managed Intensive Inpatient Treatment (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.106-107) Level 0.5 and OMT Level 0.5: Early Intervention Services - Individuals with problems or risk factors related to substance use, but for whom an immediate Substance - Related

Disorder cannot be confirmed Opioid Maintenance Therapy (OMT) - Criteria for Level I Outpatient OMT, but OMT in all levels Opioid Treatment Program (OTP) with Opioid Treatment Services (OTS) = antagonist meds (naltrexone) and Office-Based Opioid Treatment (OBOT) - buprenorphine (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.179,290) POLL QUESTION #1 How many levels of Withdrawal Management (WM) are there in the Adult ASAM Criteria?

(a) 3 levels of WM (b) 5 levels of WM (c) 6 levels of WM

Detoxification Withdrawal Management Services for Dimension 1 I-D 1-WM - Ambulatory Withdrawal Management without Extended On-site Monitoring II-D 2-WM -Ambulatory Withdrawal Management with Extended On-Site Monitoring (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.132-134) Withdrawal Management Services for Dimension 1 (continued) III.2-D 3.2- WM- Clinically-Managed

Residential Withdrawal Management III.7-D 3.7- WM - Medically-Monitored Inpatient Withdrawal Management IV-D 4-WM - Medically-Managed Inpatient Withdrawal Management (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.133-141) Level I and II Level 1 and 2 Services Level I 1 Outpatient Treatment

Level II.1 2.1 Intensive Outpatient Treatment Level II.5 2.5 Partial Hospitalization (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.184-208) Level III Level 3 Residential/Inpatient Level III.1 3.1- Clinically-Managed, Low Intensity Residential Treatment Level III.3 3.3- Clinically-Managed, Medium Intensity Residential Treatment Clinically Managed Population-Specific High Intensity

Residential Treatment (Adult Level only) (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.222-234) Level III Level 3 Residential/Inpatient (cont.) Level III.5 3.5- Clinically-Managed, Medium/High Intensity Residential Treatment Level III.7 3.7- Medically-Monitored Intensive Inpatient Treatment (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.224-265)

Level IV Level 4 Services Level IV Level 4 Medically-Managed Intensive Inpatient (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.280) Guiding Principles of The ASAM Criteria, Third Edition, 2013 One-dimensional to multidimensional assessment Program-driven to clinically & outcomes-driven treatment Fixed length of service to variable length of service

Limited number of discrete levels of care to broad and flexible continuum of care Identifying adolescent-specific needs Clarifying the goals of treatment (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.3) Guiding Principles of The ASAM Criteria, Third Edition, 2013 (cont.) From using treatment failure as admission prerequisite Interdisciplinary, team approach to care Focusing on treatment outcomes

Engaging with informed consent Clarifying medical necessity (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.3) Harnessing ASAMs Definition of Addiction Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry August 15, 2011 Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations.

Pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. ASAMs Revamped Definition of Addiction http://www.asam.org/quality-practice/definition-of-addiction POLL QUESTION #2 True or False?: To ask a client what s/he really wants is

as important as assessing what the client needs. Engage the Client as Participant Treatment Contract What? Why? How? Where? When?

Identifying the Assessment and Treatment Contract Client WHAT? What does client want? WHY? Why now? Whats the level of commitment? HOW? How will s/he get there? WHERE? Where will s/he do this?

Clinical Assessment What does client need? Treatment Plan What is the treatment contract? Why? What reasons are revealed Is it linked to what client wants? by the assessment date? How will you get him/her to accept the plan?

Where is the appropriate setting for treatment? What is indicated by the placement criteria? WHEN? When will this When? How soon? What are happen? How realistic expectations? What are quickly? How milestones in the process? badly does s/he want it? Does client buy into the link? Referral to level of care What is the degree of urgency?

What is the process? What are the expectations of the referral? Focus Assessment and Treatment What Does the Client Want? Does client have immediate needs due to imminent risk in any of six dimensions? Conduct multidimensional assessment

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p124) Focus Assessment and Treatment (cont.) DSM-5 diagnoses? Multidimensional Severity/LOF Profile Which assessment dimensions are most important to determine Tx priorities (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p124)

Focus Assessment and Treatment (cont.) Transtheoretical Model of Change James Prochaska, PhD, John Norcross, PhD, and Carlo DiClemente, PhD Specific focus/target for each priority dimension What specific services needed for each dimension What dose or intensity of these services needed (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p124)

Focus Assessment and Treatment (cont.) Where can these services be provided in least intensive, but safe level of care? What is progress of Tx plan and placement decision; outcomes measurement? (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p124) DSM-5 diagnoses?

Multidimensional Severity/LOF Profile Which assessment dimensions are most important to determine Tx priorities Specific focus/target for each priority dimension What specific services needed for each dimension What dose or intensity of these services needed Where can these services be provided in least intensive, but safe level of care? What is progress of Tx plan and placement decision; outcomes measurement?

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p124) Severity/LOF Assessment The 3 Hs HISTORY HERE AND NOW HOW WORRIED NOW

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p. 56) Continued Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) Retain at the present level of care if: 1. Making progress, but not yet achieved goals articulated in individualized treatment plan. Continued treatment at present level of care necessary to permit patient to continue to work toward his or her treatment goals; or

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.300) Continued Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) (cont.) 2. Not yet making progress but has capacity to resolve his or her problems. Actively working on goals articulated in individualized treatment plan. Continued treatment at present level of care necessary to permit patient to continue to work toward his or her treatment goals; and/or

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.300) Continued Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) (cont.) 3. New problems identified that appropriately treated at present level of care. This level is least intensive at which patients new problems can be addressed effectively. (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.300) Discharge/Transfer Service Criteria

(ASAM Criteria) Transfer or discharge from present level of care if he or she meets the following criteria: 1. Has achieved goals articulated in his or her individualized treatment plan, thus resolving problem(s) that justified admission to current level of care; or (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.303) Discharge/Transfer Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) (cont.) 2. Has been unable to resolve problem(s) that

justified admission to present level of care, despite amendments to treatment plan. Treatment at another level of care or type of service therefore is indicated; or (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.303) Discharge/Transfer Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) (cont.) 3. Has demonstrated lack of capacity to resolve his or

her problem(s). Treatment at another level of care or type of service therefore is indicated; or (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.303) Discharge/Transfer Service Criteria (ASAM Criteria) (cont.) 4. Has experienced intensification of his or her problem(s), or has developed new problem(s), and can be treated effectively only at a more intensive level of care

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.303) A Word About Terminology Treatment Compliance vs Adherence Websters Dictionary defines: comply: to act in accordance with anothers wishes, or with rules and regulations adhere: to cling, cleave (to be steadfast, hold fast), stick fast

Models of Stages of Change 12-Step model - surrender versus comply; accept versus admit; identify versus compare Transtheoretical Model of Change - Pre-contemplation; Contemplation; Preparation; Action; Maintenance; Relapse and Recycling; Termination Readiness to Change - not ready, unsure, ready, trying, doing what works

Termination The Spiral of Transtheoretical Model of Change Change James Prochaska, PhD, John Norcross, PhD, Maintenanc and Carlo DiClemente, PhD e Action Preparation Contemplation

Precontemplatio n POLL QUESTION #3 True or False?: A flare-up or relapse of a clients addiction illness should be treated no differently from a flare-up of a persons mental illness or psychiatric diagnosis. Revised Constructs for Dim. 5

A. Historical Pattern of Use or Mental Health Problems 1. Chronicity of Problem Use or MH problems 2. Treatment or Change Response B. Pharmacologic Responsivity 3. Positive Reinforcement (pleasure, euphoria) 4. Negative Reinforcement (withdrawal discomfort, fear) (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp..403 - 407) Revised Constructs for Dim. 5 (cont.)

C. External Stimuli Responsivity 5. Reactivity to Acute Cues (trigger objects and situations) 6. Reactivity to Chronic Stress (positive and negative stressors) D. Cognitive and behavioral measures of strengths and weaknesses 7. Locus of control and Self-efficacy (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp..403 - 407) Revised Constructs for Dim. 5 (cont.)

D. Cognitive and behavioral measures of strengths and weaknesses (cont.) 8. Coping Skills (stimulus control, other cognitive strategies) 9. Impulsivity (risk-taking, thrill-seeking) 10. Passive and passive/aggressive behavior (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp..403 - 407) Recovery and Psychosocial Crises

Slips/using substances while in treatment Suicidal impulsive or wanting to use Loss or death cravings or impulsive Disagreements, anger, frustration with fellow clients or therapist (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.407 - 409) Policy and Procedure

Implements principle of re-assessment and modification of treatment plan: 1. Face to face or telephone appointment ASAP 2. Attitude of acceptance; listen for patients point of view, rather than lecture, enforce program rules; or dismiss their perspective 3. Assess safety and immediate needs in all six ASAM assessment dimensions (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.407 - 409)

ASAM Six Assessment Dimensions 1. Acute Intoxication and/or Withdrawal Potential 2. Biomedical Conditions and Complications 3. Emotional, Behavioral or Cognitive Conditions and Complications 4. Readiness to Change 5. Relapse/Continued Use, Continued Problem Potential 6. Recovery Environment The ASAM Criteria (2013) Pages 43-53 Policy and Procedure (cont.)

4. Discuss circumstances surrounding the crisis, develop a sequence of events/precipitants 5. Modify participatory treatment plan to address new or updated problems 6. Reassess treatment contract and what patient wants if any lack of interest in modifying Tx. Plan 7. Determine if modified strategies need same level of

care; or more or less intense level (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.407 - 409) Policy and Procedure (cont.) 8. If patient recognizes the problem/s; understands need to change, but still chooses no further treatment, then discharge 9.

If patient is invested in treatment, then Tx continues 10. Document crisis and modified treatment plan or discharge in the medical record (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp.407 - 409) Case Presentation Format Before presenting the case, please state why you chose the case and what you want to get from the discussion I. Identifying Client Background Data

Name Age Ethnicity and Gender Marital Status Employment Status Referral Source Date Entered Treatment Level of Service Client Entered Treatment Current Level of Service (if case presented for Tx. Plan review) DSM Diagnoses Stated or Identified Motivation for Treatment

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.125) ASAM Six Assessment Dimensions 1. Acute Intoxication and/or Withdrawal Potentia 2. Biomedical Conditions and Complications 3. Emotional, Behavioral or Cognitive Conditions and Complications 4. Readiness to Change 5. Relapse/Continued Use, Continued Problem Potential 6. Recovery Environment The ASAM Criteria (2013) Pages 43-53

Case Presentation Format (cont.) First state how severe you think each assessment dimension is and why (focus on brief relevant history information and relevant here and now information): II. Current Placement Dimension Rating Has It Changed? 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. (Brief explanation for each rating, note whether it has changed since client entered treatment -why or why not) (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.125) Case Presentation Format (cont.) III. What problem(s) with High and Medium severity rating are of greatest concern at this time?

Specificity of the problem Specificity of the strategies/interventions Efficiency of the intervention (Least intensive, but safe, level of service) (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p.125) Criminal Justices View of Presenting Problem and Solution 3 Cs Consequences Compliance Control

Coerced Clients and Working with Referral Sources Common purpose and mission Common language of assessment of stage of change

Consensus philosophy of addressing readiness to change Consensus on how to combine resources and leverage to effect change, responsibility and accountability Communication and conflict resolution

Working Effectively with Managed Care Clinical discussion, not game playing - Improve communication between consumers, clinicians, providers payers, managed care, utilization reviewers, care managers Use Case Presentation Format to concisely review biopsychosocial data and focus the discussion Follow through Decision Tree on How to Organize Assessment Data to guide clinical discussion Identify where points of disagreement are: severity

rating; priority dimension or focus of treatment; service needs; dose and intensity of services; placement level (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp. 119 - 126) Working Effectively with Managed Care (cont.) Offer alternative clinical data: severity rating and rationale; priority dimension or focus of treatment; service needed; dose and intensity of services; placement level Appeal if still no consensus

(The ASAM Criteria, 2013, pp. 119 - 126) 61 The ASAM Criteria Software now branded as Continuum The ASAM Criteria book and The ASAM Criteria Software now branded as Continuum are companion text and application The text delineates the dimensions, levels of care, and decision rules that comprise The

ASAM Criteria The ASAM Criteria Software now branded as Continuum The software provides an approved structured interview to guide adult assessment and calculate the complex decision tree to yield suggested levels of care, which are verified through the text www.asamcontinuum.org David Gastfriend, M.D. [email protected] Brendan McEntee [email protected]

Data to Identify Gaps Systems issues cannot change quickly. Each incident of inefficient or inadequate care can be a data point that promotes systems change Finding efficient ways to gather data as it happens in

daily care of clients can provide hope, direction for change (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p. 126) Data to Identify Gaps (cont.) PLACEMENT SUMMARY Level of Care/Service Indicated Level of Care/Service Received (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p. 126)

Data to Identify Gaps (cont.) PLACEMENT SUMMARY Reason for Difference - Circle only one number -- 1. Level of care or Service not available; 2. Provider judgment; 3. Client preference; 4. Client is on waiting list for appropriate level/service; 5. Level of care or Service available, but no payment source; 6. Geographic inaccessibility etc. (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p. 126) Data to Identify Gaps (cont.)

PLACEMENT SUMMARY Anticipated Outcome If Service Cannot Be Provided- Circle only one number -- 1. Admitted to acute care setting; 2. Discharged to street; 3. Continued stay in acute care facility; 4. Incarcerated; 5. Client will dropout until next crisis; 6. Not listed (Specify): (The ASAM Criteria, 2013, p. 126) Understanding the Dimensions of Change

Moving Forward Participant Journal David Mee-Lee, M.D. Senior Vice President The Change Companies Carson City, NV Davis, CA [email protected] www.changecompanies.net www.ASAMCriteria.org

www.asamcontinuum.org www.tipsntopics.com www.instituteforwellness.com

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Motion Review - rowan.k12.ky.us

    Motion Review - rowan.k12.ky.us

    speed How far something moves in a certain amount of time and the slope of a position vs. time graph. A graph that looks like a straight line. A variable that is not dependent on the other (on the x-axis)....
  • Climate Observations in Pacific Northwest National Parks Kelly

    Climate Observations in Pacific Northwest National Parks Kelly

    "Subtle does not mean unimportant." Prof Mike Wallace UW Atmospheric Sciences Seattle, July 14, 1997 The End * National Weather Service Cooperative Network Approximately 5000 daily max/min temperature stations, 8000 daily precipitation stations, 3000 automated hourly precipitation stations. Volunteer Observers.
  • Suspicious Drug Screening: What am I seeing and what do I do ...

    Suspicious Drug Screening: What am I seeing and what do I do ...

    Suspicious Drug Screening: What am I seeing and what do I do about it? Dr. Diane Tennies, PhD, LADC ... Define two differences between an observed and supervised urine collection ... Sudden change in behavior.
  • The Causes of the First World War - Weebly

    The Causes of the First World War - Weebly

    The Causes of the First World WarThe cards in front of you are the causes of WW1. Sort them into Long and Short term. Long Term. Causes that happened a long time before the War. M A I N. Short....
  • Chapter 21: Metamorphism - Stellenbosch University

    Chapter 21: Metamorphism - Stellenbosch University

    The preserved zonal distribution of metamorphic rocks suggests that each rock preserves the conditions of the maximum metamorphic grade (temperature) The Progressive Nature of Metamorphism Prograde reactions are endothermic and easily driven by increasing T Devolatilization reactions are easier than...
  • CANE baY HIGH SCHOOL

    CANE baY HIGH SCHOOL

    Tim McDowell, Principal ... Scholarship resources are listed on the scholarship page of the Cane Bay High School's Website, under Resource and the "Scholarship Information" Link. Website will be CONTINUOUSLY updated, so check back every week!!
  • Perspectives in American Literature

    Perspectives in American Literature

    Plot (contd). Plot Manipulation and Fabulation. any unjustified or unexpected turns or twists, false leads, and misleading information; fabulation is the introduction of the unrealistic or gothic elements in a realistic setting.
  • Natural Law, Positive Law, and Legal Realism

    Natural Law, Positive Law, and Legal Realism

    Positive Law . Hans Kelsen(1881-1973) "Law is not, as it is sometimes said, a rule. It is a set of rules having the kind of unity we understand by a system" "Pure Theory" of law excludes consideration of political choices...