February 28, 2019 Polymers Bitumen Beyond Combustion (BBC)

February 28, 2019 Polymers Bitumen Beyond Combustion (BBC)

February 28, 2019 Polymers Bitumen Beyond Combustion (BBC) Speaker introductions Paolo Bomben Alberta Innovates Senior manager Clean Technology Development and program co-lead Axel Meisen Alberta Innovates

Senior advisor 2 Nathan Ashcroft Stantec Stantec team lead Agenda 1. Introduction 2. Imagining a BBC future 3. What are polymers 4. Concerns with existing polymers 5. Bio-degradable polymers 6. Polymer feedstocks

7. Bitumen as feedstock 8. Technical challenges 9. Insights and conclusions 10. Series recap Bitumen Beyond Combustion Introduction to the webinar Introduction to the webinar

Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 5 Recap: Imagining a BBC future 6 Bitumen Beyond Combustion What are polymers? Market

Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 8 Opportunity

Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 9 Bitumen Beyond Combustion Concerns with existing polymers Oceans

Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 11 Waste Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder

12 Slow degradation time Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 13 Bitumen Beyond Combustion

Bio-degradable polymers Bio-degradable polymers Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 15 Bitumen Beyond Combustion

Polymer feedstocks Polymer feedstocks Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 17 Bitumen Beyond Combustion

Bitumen potential polymer feedstock Bitumen potential polymer feedstock Placeholder Placeholder Placeholder 19 Bitumen Beyond Combustion

Technical challenges Technical challenges to developing polymers from bitumen Feedstock purity Selection of appropriate synthetic pathway based on feedstock Energy input

Infusion of biodegradable/compostable properties Can plastics be created that dont rely on repeating units 21 Technical challenges to developing polymers from bitumen

Existing polymer synthesis processes require high purity feedstocks Bitumen Conversion/ Separation Pure HC feedstock React High T High P Catalysts Fast

Other feedstocks 22 Separate/ Combine Form Polymer Technical challenges to developing polymers from bitumen

Biological production processes as an alternative synthetic pathway Bitumen Conversion/ Separation Mixed Feed React Low T Low P Enzymes Slow

Other Separate/ Combine Form Polymer Biodegradable/ compostable Technical challenges to developing polymers from bitumen

Energy source will be an important consideration Feedstock Bitumen Pre-treatment React T P Catalysts Enzymes Separate/

Combine Form BBC Product Biodegradable/ compostable? Other Energy Technical challenges to developing polymers from bitumen How to introduce biodegradable or compostable properties to polymers?

Require the presence of O, N, P or other atoms in the polymer backbone Design a polymer where the final product does not degrade to CO 2 Asphaltenes naturally have O, N, P and other atoms that would impart biodegradable/compostable properties Can we create plastics with desired properties without repeating units? A Current Approach A

A A A A Alternative Approach? A C

B How would purity and synthetic requirements change? C A B Bitumen Beyond Combustion Insights and conclusions Insights and

conclusions Key points Polymer/plastics industry is one of the largest global industries Serious environmental concerns with existing practices Asphaltenes in bitumen have atoms present in the chemical structure that would impart biodegradable/compostable properties to a polymer Feedstock purity is an important consideration is selecting a synthetic pathway for bitumen to polymers Biologically inspired synthetic processes may permit less pure feedstocks from bitumen Do plastics require repeating units in their backbone to impart the desired properties? 27 Bitumen Beyond Combustion

Series Recap Alberta Innovates funded BBC projects: $2 million Project Value-Added Opportunities for Conventional and Atypical Asphalt Cements and Asphaltenes Derived from Alberta Oil Sands in Road Construction. Design and Performance Evaluation of Road Base Courses Comprised of Asphaltenes Derived from Alberta Oil Sands. Fabrication and application of short carbon fibers using asphaltene-based carbon precursors. Multiphase Characterization of Bitumen-Based Carbon Fibers and Demonstrating their Use in Producing CrackFree Cement and Asphaltic Concrete. Producing High-Value Nanostructured Materials from Bitumen Coke.

Low-cost Process of Converting Asphaltene into Valuable Graphene-like Materials. Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Technology Comparison, Acquisition of Experience, Development of use Cases and Energy Management Strategies. 29 https://albertainnovates.ca/bitumen-beyond-combustion-program-invests-2-million-in-research/ Researcher Simon Hesp Organization Queens University Leila Hashemian

University of Alberta Weixing Chen University of Alberta Rishi Gupta University of Victoria Jinwen Chen CanmetENERGY

Zhi Li University of Alberta Peter Musilek University of Alberta Closing remarks A quick recap of the webinar series and high level conclusions Significant world population growth in coming years and decades will drive the demand for housing, vehicles, consumer goods etc. and the associated materials that comprise these products Obtaining higher value from bitumen by producing materials instead of transport fuels

represents a strong economic diversification opportunity Four BBC focus areas: carbon fibres, asphalt and transportation, polymers, vanadium each with potential to impact >100,000 bbl of bitumen production Markets for these BBC products are large and growing Remain technical and market development challenges Need broad community to develop solutions and contribute their expertise to make the BBC initiative a success 30 Questions? Talk to us Paolo Bomben Alberta Innovates Email: [email protected]

Quick Links Axel Meisen View the reports Alberta Innovates Email: [email protected] https://albertainnovates.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/BBC-Report-1.pdf https://albertainnovates.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/BBC%20-%20Report%202.pdf View call to action https://albertainnovates.ca/bitumen-beyond-combustion-bbc-open-call-2018/

Disclaimer: Stantec reserves the rights to all imagery used in this presentation unless otherwise referenced. Under no conditions are these images to be copied and/or distributed externally. Nathan Ashcroft Stantec Email: [email protected]

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