Section 19.3 Childbirth Childbirth Objectives Identify the three

Section 19.3 Childbirth Childbirth Objectives Identify the three

Section 19.3 Childbirth Childbirth Objectives Identify the three stages of the birth process. Describe four complicating factors that may arise at birth. Slide 1 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Health Stats How does smoking during pregnancy affect a babys weight?

Propose a plan that could help decrease the number of pregnant women who smoke. Slide 2 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth The Birth Process A certified nurse-midwife is a nurse who is trained to deliver babies. The birth process begins when the muscular walls of the uterus begin a series of contractions that will

push the fetus out of the mother. Birth takes place in three stages labor delivery of the baby delivery of the afterbirth Slide 3 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth The Birth Process Labor

The work performed by the mothers body to push the fetus out is called labor. Labor for a first child may last from about 2 to 24 hours or longer. Near the end of this first stage, the amniotic sac breaks, and the cervix becomes softer and wide enough or the fetus to pass through. Slide 4 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth

The Birth Process Slide 5 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth The Birth Process Delivery of Baby Stage two involves the actual birth, or delivery, of the baby. This stage can take from half an hour to more than two hours.

Once the baby is out the doctor clamps and cuts the umbilical cord the babys nose and mouth are suctioned eye drops are put in the babys eyes an injection of vitamin K is given Slide 6 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth The Birth Process Slide 7 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth The Birth Process Delivery of Afterbirth The third stage involves contractions of the uterus that push out the placenta, also called the afterbirth. This stage typically takes about 15 to 30 minutes. Slide 8 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth

The Birth Process Slide 9 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth For: More on the birth process Click above to go online. Slide 10 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth Be a Parent for a Day Materials 5-pound bag of flour plastic bag with tie Try This Place the bag of flour inside the plastic bag and fasten it

shut. For the next 24 hours, you will be responsible for your bag of flour as if it were a real baby. Slide 11 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Be a Parent for a Day Choose a name for your baby. Follow these rules for taking care of your baby. Every 5 hours, including night, feed your baby for 20 minutes. During this time, you must remain seated in

one place and devote your full attention to your baby. Slide 12 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Be a Parent for a Day Follow these rules for taking care of your baby. Every 3 hours during the time that you are awake, allow 5 minutes for changing your babys diaper. Spend 15 minutes in the evening talking or reading to your baby.

Never leave your baby alone. If necessary, arrange for someone to babysit. Slide 13 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Be a Parent for a Day Think and Discuss How did being a parent of a bag of flour affect your lifestyle?

In what ways is a bag of flour an appropriate object to use to represent a baby? When do you think is the best time for a person to become a parent? Explain. Slide 14 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth The Postpartum Period During the first six weeks, called the postpartum period, many changes take place.

The newborns lungs begin to function for the first time. The circulatory system and heart undergo changes. The nervous system reacts to new sensations. For the mother, changing hormone levels signal the breasts to produce milk and cause the uterus to gradually shrink back to its normal size. Hormonal changes and fatigue may cause the mother to feel overwhelmed. Slide 15 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth

Complications at Birth Some complications result in a surgical delivery or premature birth. Low birthweight and the birth of more than one baby also may cause complications. A stillbirth occurs when a fetus dies and is expelled from the body after the twentieth week of pregnancy. Slide 16 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth

Surgical Delivery Sometimes delivery through the cervix and vagina is not possible because of the position of the fetus in the uterus the narrowness of the mothers hips illness other conditions A cesarean section (suh ZEHR ee un) is a surgical method of birth. First the doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen into the uterus, then he or she removes the baby and placenta.

Slide 17 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Premature Birth Delivery of a live baby before the 37th week of pregnancy is called premature birth. The lungs of a premature baby are usually not fully developed. The baby may have additional problems if other organs arent fully developed. A premature baby may receive care in an incubator.

Slide 18 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Low Birthweight A newborn that weighs less than 5.5 pounds at birth is considered to have low birthweight. Premature and low-birthweight babies face an increased risk of health problems as newborns, chronic lifelong health problems, and even death.

Slide 19 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Multiple Births The delivery of more than one babyfor example, twins, triplets, or quadrupletsis called a multiple birth. These births carry greater risk to the mother and babies, and are closely monitored by doctors. Slide 20 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth Identical Twins Twins that develop from a single fertilized egg, or zygote, are called identical twins. Because they develop from identical embryos, identical twins have the same inherited traits and are the same sex. Slide 21 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth Identical Twins A sperm fertilizes a single egg. Identical twins result. Early in development, the embryo splits and forms two identical embryos.

Slide 22 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Fraternal Twins Sometimes two eggs are released from the ovary and are fertilized by two sperm. Fraternal twins are no more alike than any other siblings, and they may or may not be the same sex. Slide 23 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth Fraternal Twins Two different sperm fertilize two eggs. Fraternal twins result. Each of the fertilized eggs develops into an embryo. Slide 24 of 28

Section 19.3 Childbirth Triplets or More Triplets, quadruplets, and other multiple births are less common than twins. Slide 25 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Vocabulary

certified nurse-midwife labor postpartum period stillbirth cesarean section A nurse who is trained to deliver babies. The work performed by the mothers body to push the fetus out at the end of pregnancy. A period of adjustment for parents and their

newborn during the six weeks after birth. The expulsion of a fetus that has died after the twentieth week of pregnancy. A surgical method of birth. Slide 26 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth Vocabulary premature birth

The delivery of a live baby before the 37th week of pregnancy. low birthweight A newborn weight of less than 5.5 pounds. multiple birth The delivery of more than one babyfor example, twins or triplets.

Slide 27 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth QuickTake Quiz Click to start quiz. Slide 28 of 28 Section 19.3 Childbirth

End of Section 19.3 Click on this slide to end this presentation. Slide 29 of 28

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