Rotation Objectives: D Grade Rotate shapes about the

Rotation Objectives: D Grade Rotate shapes about the

Rotation Objectives: D Grade Rotate shapes about the origin Describe rotations fully about the origin Identify reflection symmetry in 3-D solids C Grade Rotate shapes about any point Describe rotations fully about any point Find the centre of rotation and describe it fully Rotation In order to rotate an object we need 3 pieces of information Centre of rotation Angle of rotation Direction of rotation In order to find the image, using this information it is best to use tracing paper. Rotation Centre of rotation Angle of rotation 90o Direction of rotation A A X clockwise Put a piece of tracing paper over the drawing Copy the object onto the tracing paper Put a pencil on the tracing paper point at the centre of rotation Rotate the tracing paper by the required amount in the specified direction Note the end point of the object. Remove the tracing paper and draw the image and label it. Rotation Centre of rotation Angle of rotation 30o Direction of rotation 30o A A X

clockwise If you are asked to rotate and object by an angle that you have to measure follow the same steps and: Mark a line from the centre of rotation to use as 0o and also mark this on the same place on the tracing paper. Before putting the tracing paper on measure the required angle, and draw a line accordingly. Now do these Rotation Rotate A : a)90o c/w about the origin and label it a b) 180o c/w about the origin and label it b c) 90o anti c/w about the origin and label it c d) 90o c/w about the (2,2) and label it d e) 90o anti c/w about the (-2,1) and label it e o f) 90 anti c/w about the (-4,6) -10 and label it f g) 90o anti c/w about the (1,8) and label it g y-axis 10 9 f x 8 x 7 d 6 5

A g 4 3 x e -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 c -3 a x 2 1 x -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 b 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 x-axis Rotation Finding the centre of rotation B Object C A 75o C x Draw a line from each point to the corresponding point on the image. Draw the perpendicular bisector for the connecting lines. The centre of rotation is where the perpendicular bisectors cross. 75o anticlockwise Image A B The alternative (easier) method is to trace the object onto tracing paper and use trial and error Now do these Rotation Find the centre of rotation for each of these rotations y-axis 10 9 a)A onto B 8 90 c/w centre (0,0) o

H b)A onto C 180o c/w or ac/w centre (0,0) 4 270 c/w or 90 ac/w centre (0,0) o 2 270 c/w or 90 ac/w centre (0,0) o 1 e)B onto F 90o c/w centre (2,-2) -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 G -5 -4 -2 -1 0 -1 -3 f)A onto E 90 ac/w centre (2,6) 90o c/w centre (-2,-1) h)H onto A 180 c/w or ac/w centre (0,4) o i)B onto E 180 c/w or ac/w centre (4,2) o j)D onto C 90o ac/w centre (0,0)

1 2 -2 o g)C onto G A 3 D d)D onto B o E 6 5 c)A onto D o 7 C -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 3 4 B F 5 6 7 8 9 10

x-axis Worksheet 1 Rotation Rotate shape A : Find the centre of rotation for each of these rotations a)90o c/w about the origin b) c) d) e) f) g) and label it a 180 c/w about the origin and label it b o 90 anti c/w about the origin and label it c 90o c/w about the (2,2) and label it d 90o anti c/w about the (-2,1) and label it e o 90 anti c/w about the (-4,6) and label it f o 90 anti c/w about the (1,8) and label it g o A 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6

-7 -8 -9 -10 a)A onto B b) c) d) e) f) C onto G H onto A B onto E D onto C H D 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 A onto C A onto D D onto B B onto F A onto E A -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5G -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -1 -2 B -3 F C -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10

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