Climate and Health December 2015 Materials for Practice

Climate and Health December 2015 Materials for Practice

Climate and Health December 2015 Materials for Practice Greenhealth members ONLY Table of Contents Background: Climate Change Science Health Impacts of Climate Change and Energy Sources

Solutions: Mitigation Energy Efficiency Renewables Greenhouse Gas Emissions Benchmarking/Reduction Solutions: Resilience

Resilience Toolkit Solutions: Leadership The Health Care Sectors Responsibility HCWH Health Care Climate Council Background

Climate Change Science Health Impacts of Climate Change Health Impacts of Energy Sources The Greenhouse Effect NASA carbon dioxide levels

NOAA links CO2 Concentration and Temperature Climate Change and Air Pollution CDC Chart on Climate Change

Energy use is a public health issue *Healthcare is 2nd most energy-using sector in the U.S.: 73 trillion kwh of electricity/yr ~$600 million/yr in healthcare costs related to increased respiratory disease burden

*U.S. hospitals consume 2x as much energy/ft2 as European counterparts What is U.S. electricity generation by energy source? In 2013, the United States, about 67% of the electricity generated was from fossil fuel (coal, natural gas, and petroleum).

Coal 39% Natural Gas 27% Nuclear 19%

Hydropower 7% Other Renewable 6% Biomass 1.48% Geothermal 0.41% Solar 0.23% Wind 4.13% Petroleum 1%

Other Gases < 1% *Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration Environmental Health With the highest carbon content of all the fossil fuels, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion represented 24.5 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2012.

88% of Coal Reserves will have to be left in the ground to stay under 2 degrees of warming Source: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief derived from McGlade et al. (2014) Estimated health effects from U.S. coal-fired power plant emissions A 2010 study by the Clean Air Task Force estimated that in the US on

an annual basis, air pollution from coal-fired power plants accounts for more than:

13,000 premature deaths 20,000 heart attacks 1.6 million lost workdays The total monetary cost of these health impacts is over $100 billion annually. Source: Schneider, C., and Jonathan Banks. 2010. The Toll From Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from Americas Dirtiest Energy Source. Clean Air Task Force,

September. Mitigation 1. Energy Efficiency 2. Renewables 3. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission tracking and reduction

Healthier Hospitals Leaner Energy Level 1: Reduce GHGs by decreasing energy use by 3% from baseline Level 2: Reduce GHGs by decreasing energy use by 5% from baseline Level 3: Reduce GHGs by decreasing energy

use by 10% from baseline Renewable Energy Challenge Coming soon to Practice Greenhealth! What Are GHG Emissions? GHG Emissions Are Measured in Metric Tons

of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent (MtCO2e) GHG = CO2 + N2O * GWP + CH4* GWP GWP = Global Warming Potential GHG Benchmarking and Reduction Challenges coming soon to Practice Greenhealth GHG Emissions Are Categorized Into 3 Scopes

17 18 Climate Resilience for Health Care Developing and maintaining data on climate hazards and

infrastructure vulnerabilities Understanding the regulatory, design, and land use context of a facilitys location Constructing or retrofitting infrastructure in manner that is both sustainable and better at withstanding future events Prioritizing resilience measures for high priority, vulnerable functions and areas Strengthening ecosystems and natural buffers to mitigate

floods, storm surges, and other hazards to facilities Climate Resilience Toolkit Toolkit and checklists available to get started for hospital resilience planning

Partners Spaulding Rehab Hospital A hospital of the future that is designed for resilience and an ability to continue operations in the event of extreme weather events and sea level rise or surge, as a result of climate change. Remediation and redevelopment of a waterfront brownfield site reflects Spaulding's commitment to the "rehabilitation of people and place, to the City

of Boston, the community of Charlestown and the goal of providing access to water for therapeutic purposes. Offered as a development site by the City of Boston, the hospital has become an exemplar of resilience strategy and planning. Design integrates essential program requirements, a therapeutic environment, climate resilience and beauty.

Leadership: The Health Sector Drives Global Transformational Change Role for Health Sector in Climate Change Mitigation: Leading by Example in Reducing Its Own Climate Footprint Resilience: Anchoring the Resilience and Preparedness to

Climate Change Impacts in Communities Leadership: Advocating for Policies to Accelerate Transition to Climate Stable - Healthy Future and Rebranding Climate Change as Public Health Imperative Health care is responsible for 217 million tons of CO2 each year, with hospitals representing 3% of the

US total output (80 million tons) Data Source: JAMA 2009 Health Based Communications Framing climate change as a public health issue Health professionals are trusted messengers

Voices for Climate Health Healthy Investments: Health Sector Divestments Gaining Traction Health Care Climate Council

Coalition of nations largest healthcare systems conducting advocacy on climate and health issues. Members represent $100 billion in revenues Highlighting leadership through large scale investment in renewable energy, implementing climate resiliency and

divestment from fossil fuels Questions? Contact: Lauren Kleinman, Outreach and Engagement Specialist at Practice Greenhealth [email protected]

Eric Lerner, Director of HCWHs Climate Program [email protected]

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