Technician License Course Chapter 3 Lesson Plan Module

Technician License Course Chapter 3 Lesson Plan Module

Technician License Course Chapter 3 Lesson Plan Module 7 Types of Radio Circuits The Basic Transceiver Combination of transmitter and receiver Abbreviated XCVR (X = trans)

Antenna switched between transmitter and receiver by the TR switch 2014 Technician License Course Transmit/Receive (TR) Switch TR switch allows a single antenna to be switched to the transmitter when sending and to the receiver when receiving.

In a transceiver, the TR switch is inside the unit and operates automatically. Transceivers cannot transmit and receive at the same time like a repeater. 2014 Technician License Course The Basic Repeater Relays signals from low-power stations over a wide area

Simultaneously retransmits received signal on the same band TR switch replaced with duplexer which allows antenna to be shared without switching 2014 Technician License Course What Happens During Radio Communication? (Review) Transmitting (sending a signal):

Information (voice, data, video, commands, etc.) is converted to electronic form. The information in electronic form is added to a radio wave. The radio wave carrying the information is sent from the station antenna into space. 2014 Technician License Course What Happens During Radio Communication? (Review)

Receiving: The radio wave carrying the information is intercepted by the receiving stations antenna. The receiver extracts the information from the received wave. The information is then presented to the user in a format that can be understood (sound, picture, words on a computer screen, response to a command, etc.). 2014 Technician License Course

What Happens During Radio Communication? (Review) Adding and extracting the information can be simple or complex. This makes ham radio funlearning all about how radios work. Dont be intimidated. You will be required to only know the basics, but you can learn as much about the art and science of radio as you want. 2014 Technician License Course

Simple Morse (CW) Transmitter Block Diagram 2014 Technician License Course Filters Circuits that act on signals differently according to their frequency. Filters can reject, enhance, or modify signals.

2014 Technician License Course Types of Filters 2014 Technician License Course Adding Information - Modulation When we add some information to the radio wave (the carrier), we modulate the wave. Morse code (CW), speech, data

Different modulation techniques vary different properties of the wave to add the information: Amplitude, frequency, or phase Modulator and demodulator circuits Modulators add information to an RF signal, demodulators recover the information 2014 Technician License Course Changing Frequency - Mixers

Signal frequencies can be changed by combining with another signal, called mixing Also referred to as heterodyning Two signals are combined in a mixer Generates mixing product signals Sum and difference of the input signals Shifts frequency by adding or subtracting Different than a multiplier which multiplies a signals frequency by some integer, usually 2 or 3

2014 Technician License Course Sensitivity and Selectivity Two essential tasks for a receiver: Hear a signal and hear only one signal Sensitivity is a measure of how well the receiver can detect weak signals Selectivity is a measure of the receivers ability to discriminate between signals Preamplifiers make a receiver more sensitive

Preamplifiers added between antenna and receiver 2014 Technician License Course Transverter Short for transceiving converter (XVTR) Converts a transceiver to operate on another band Usually to a higher frequency External mixers shift frequency Typical examples HF SSB/CW at 28 MHz converted to/from 222 MHz

VHF SSB/CW at 144 MHz converted to/from 10 GHz 2014 Technician License Course Practice Questions 2014 Technician License Course What type of amateur station simultaneously retransmits the signal of another amateur station on a different channel or channels?

A. Beacon station B. Earth station C. Repeater station D. Message forwarding station FCC Rule: [97.3(a)(40)] T1F09 HRLM (2-12) 2014 Technician License Course What type of amateur station simultaneously retransmits the signal of another amateur station on a different channel or

channels? A. Beacon station B. Earth station C. Repeater station D. Message forwarding station FCC Rule: [97.3(a)(40)] T1F09 HRLM (2-12) 2014 Technician License Course Which term describes the ability of a

receiver to detect the presence of a signal? A. Linearity B. Sensitivity C. Selectivity D. Total Harmonic Distortion T7A01 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course Which term describes the ability of a receiver to detect the presence of a signal?

A. Linearity B. Sensitivity C. Selectivity D. Total Harmonic Distortion T7A01 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course What is a transceiver? A. A type of antenna switch B. A unit combining the functions of a transmitter and a

receiver C. A component in a repeater which filters out unwanted interference D. A type of antenna matching network T7A02 HRLM (2-12) 2014 Technician License Course What is a transceiver? A. A type of antenna switch B. A unit combining the functions of a transmitter and a

receiver C. A component in a repeater which filters out unwanted interference D. A type of antenna matching network T7A02 HRLM (2-12) 2014 Technician License Course Which of the following is used to convert a radio signal from one frequency to another? A. Phase splitter

B. Mixer C. Inverter D. Amplifier T7A03 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course Which of the following is used to convert a radio signal from one frequency to another? A. Phase splitter B. Mixer

C. Inverter D. Amplifier T7A03 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course Which term describes the ability of a receiver to discriminate between multiple signals? A. Discrimination ratio B. Sensitivity C. Selectivity

D. Harmonic Distortion T7A04 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course Which term describes the ability of a receiver to discriminate between multiple signals? A. Discrimination ratio B. Sensitivity C. Selectivity D. Harmonic Distortion

T7A04 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course What is the name of a circuit that generates a signal of a desired frequency? A. Reactance modulator B. Product detector C. Low-pass filter D. Oscillator T7A05 HRLM (3-16)

2014 Technician License Course What is the name of a circuit that generates a signal of a desired frequency? A. Reactance modulator B. Product detector C. Low-pass filter D. Oscillator T7A05 HRLM (3-16)

2014 Technician License Course What device takes the output of a low-powered 28 MHz SSB exciter and produces a 222 MHz output signal? A. High-pass filter B. Low-pass filter C. Transverter D. Phase converter T7A06 HRLM (3-19) 2014 Technician License Course

What device takes the output of a low-powered 28 MHz SSB exciter and produces a 222 MHz output signal? A. High-pass filter B. Low-pass filter C. Transverter D. Phase converter T7A06 HRLM (3-19) 2014 Technician License Course

Which of the following describes combining speech with an RF carrier signal? A. Impedance matching B. Oscillation C. Modulation D. Low-pass filtering T7A08 HRLM (3-17) 2014 Technician License Course Which of the following describes combining

speech with an RF carrier signal? A. Impedance matching B. Oscillation C. Modulation D. Low-pass filtering T7A08 HRLM (3-17) 2014 Technician License Course What device increases the low-power output from a handheld transceiver?

A. A voltage divider B. An RF power amplifier C. An impedance network D. All of these choices are correct T7A10 HRLM (5-8) 2014 Technician License Course What device increases the low-power output from a handheld transceiver? A. A voltage divider

B. An RF power amplifier C. An impedance network D. All of these choices are correct T7A10 HRLM (5-8) 2014 Technician License Course Where is an RF preamplifier installed? A. Between the antenna and receiver B. At the output of the transmitter's power amplifier C. Between a transmitter and antenna tuner

D. At the receiver's audio output T7A11 HRLM (3-18) 2014 Technician License Course Where is an RF preamplifier installed? A. Between the antenna and receiver B. At the output of the transmitter's power amplifier C. Between a transmitter and antenna tuner D. At the receiver's audio output T7A11 HRLM (3-18)

2014 Technician License Course

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