DEFINITIOINS Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). The total weight

DEFINITIOINS Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). The total weight of a single vehicle plus its load. Gross Combination Weight (GCW). The total weight of a powered unit, plus trailer(s), plus the cargo. Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The maximum GVW specified by the manufacturer for a single vehicle plus its load. Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR). The maximum GCW specified by the manufacturer for a specific combination of vehicles plus its load. DEFINITIOINS

Axle Weight. The weight transmitted to the ground by one axle or one set of axles. Tire Load. The maximum safe weight a tire can carry at a specified pressure. This rating is stated on the side of each tire. Suspension Systems. Suspension systems have a manufacturer's weight capacity rating. Coupling Device Capacity. Coupling devices are rated for the maximum weight they can pull and/or carry. REQUIREMENTS A CDL is required of drivers, paid or volunteer, who drive the following types of vehicles:

Class A - Any combination of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating, GVWR, of 26,001 pounds or more, provided the GVWR of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds. Class B - Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, and any such vehicle towing a vehicle with a GVWR not in excess of 10,000 pounds. Class C - Any vehicle not described in Class A or B above but is: Designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver; or used in the transportation of hazardous materials You do not need a CDL to drive RECREATIONAL VEHICLES, MILITARY EQUIPMENT, FIRE and/or EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT, or CERTAIN FARM VEHICLES. REQUIREMENTS

Age: Must be 21, however, at age 18 a client may obtain a CDL but they would not be eligible for the Hazardous Materials Endorsement and they will be restricted to drive inside North Carolina only (Restriction 4, Intrastate Only). Residence: Must be a resident of North Carolina. Physical Examinations: Some drivers will require medical cards (this is unchanged from requirements before CDL see 49 C.F.R., Part 391.41). TESTS You must take one or more knowledge tests, depending on what class

of license and what endorsements you need. The CDL tests include: the General Knowledge Test -all applicants. the Passenger Transport Test -for driving vehicles carrying passengers. the Air Brakes Test -for driving vehicles with air brakes. the Combination Vehicles Test -for driving combination vehicles. the Hazardous Materials Test -for driving vehicles carrying hazardous materials or waste. the Tanker Test -for driving tank vehicles. the Doubles Test -for pulling double trailers. the School Bus Test -for driving school bus.

ENDORSEMENTS/RESTRICTIONS H - Authorizes driving a vehicle transporting hazardous materials. T - Authorizes driving double trailers. P - Authorizes driving vehicles carrying passengers. N - Authorizes driving tank vehicles. X - Represents a combination of hazardous materials and tank vehicle endorsement. M - Authorizes driving a motorcycle. S - Authorizes driving a school bus. (Driver must also have P endorsement.) Restrictions: L - Restricts the driver to vehicles not equipped with air brakes. 8 - Restricts Class A drivers to No Tractor Trailers. 4 - Intrastate Only.

COSTS Application fee (each three attempts of knowledge tests) $40.00 Each Endorsement.. $4.00 per year Learners Permit... $20.00 If you pass the required knowledge tests, you may take the CDL skills test. The skills test are administered in three separate steps 1. the pre-trip inspection test, 2. the basic control skills test 3. the road test.

WHAT YOU NEED Learner's Permit Must be at least 18 years of age and possess a valid North Carolina Classified A, B, or C license. When operating a commercial vehicle with a learner's permit, a licensed CDL operator, with the proper class of license, must be in the front seat beside you. A learner's permit is valid for six months with a limit of two permits in two years. If your permit has expired over thirty days, you will be required to retake all written tests prior to the issuance of the second permit.

PENALTIES Driving while impaired (alcohol concentration 0.04 or 0.05) in a CMV; one year disqualification. You will lose your CDL For at least 60 days if you have committed 2 serious traffic violations within a 3-year period. For at least 120 days for 3 serious traffic violations within a 3-year period. Serious traffic violations" are: Excessive speeding (15 mph or more above posted speed). - Reckless driving. - Following too close.

- Erratic lane changes. - Traffic offenses committed in a CMV in connection with fatal traffic accidents. - Driving a CMV without obtaining a CDL. - Driving a CMV without having a CDL in your possession. DRUGS/ALCOHOL House Bill 740 is an act that requires public transit operators and other employers of persons who operate commercial motor vehicles who are subject to federal drug and alcohol testing to report to the Division of Motor Vehicles any federally required positive drug and alcohol test results, (random, reasonable suspicion, post accident,

and pre-employment) and to disqualify those persons from operating a commercial motor vehicle or other public transit vehicles until successful completion of treatment. Upon receipt of notice of a positive drug or alcohol test (0.04 BAC or greater) , pursuant to G.S. 20-37.19(c), the Division shall disqualify a driver from operating a commercial motor vehicle for a minimum of thirty days and until receipt of proof of successful completion of assessment and treatment by a substance abuse professional in accordance with 49 C.F.R. 382.503. BASIC KNOWLEDGE

Vehicle Inspection

Basic Control of Your Vehicle Shifting Gears Seeing Communicating Space Management Controlling Your Speed Seeing Hazards Distracted Driving Aggressive Drivers/Road Rage Night Driving Driving in Fog

BASIC KNOWLEDGE

Winter Driving Hot Weather Driving Railroad-highway Crossings Mountain Driving Driving Emergencies Antilock Braking Systems Skid Control and Recovery Accident Procedures Fires Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving

Staying Alert and Fit to Drive Hazardous Materials Rules INSPECTIONS: PRE, DURING & AFTER Safety is the most important reason you inspect your vehicle, safety for yourself and for other road users. A vehicle defect found during an inspection could save you problems later. You could have a breakdown on the road that will cost time and dollars, or even worse, a crash caused by the defect. Federal and state laws require that drivers inspect their vehicles. Federal and state inspectors also may inspect your vehicles. If they judge the vehicle

to be unsafe, they will put it "out of service" until it is fixed. TIRES Too much or too little air pressure. Bad wear. You need at least 4/32-inch tread depth in every major groove on front tires. You need 2/32 inch on other tires. No fabric should show through the tread or sidewall. Cuts or other damage. Tread separation. Dual tires that come in contact with each other or parts of the vehicle. Mismatched sizes. Radial and bias-ply tires used together. Cut or cracked valve stems. Regrooved, recapped, or

retreaded tires on the front wheels of a bus. These are prohibited. Emergency Equipment. Vehicles must be equipped with emergency equipment. Look for: Fire extinguisher(s). Spare electrical fuses (unless equipped with circuit breakers). Warning devices for parked vehicles (for example, three reflective warning triangles).

Cargo You must make sure the truck is not overloaded and the cargo is balanced and secured before each trip. If the cargo contains hazardous materials, you must inspect for proper papers and placarding BALANCE THE WEIGHT Poor weight balance can make vehicle handling unsafe. Too much weight on the steering axle can cause hard steering. It can damage the steering axle and tires. Under-loaded front axles (caused by shifting weight too far to the rear) can

make the steering axle weight too light to steer safely. Too little weight on the driving axles can cause poor traction. The drive wheels may spin easily. During bad weather, the truck may not be able to keep going. Weight that is loaded so there is a high center of gravity causes greater chance of rollover. On flat bed vehicles, there is also a greater chance that the load will shift to the side or fall off. BLOCKING/BRACING Blocking is used in the front, back, and/or sides of a piece of cargo to keep it from sliding. Blocking is shaped to fit snugly against cargo. It is secured to

the cargo deck to prevent cargo movement. Bracing is also used to prevent movement of cargo. Bracing goes from the upper part of the cargo to the floor and/or walls of the cargo compartment. DRIVING Don't roll back when you start. You may hit someone behind you. If you have a manual transmission vehicle, partly engage the clutch before you take your right foot off the brake. Put on the parking brake whenever necessary to keep from rolling back.

Release the parking brake only when you have applied enough engine power to keep from rolling back. On a tractor-trailer equipped with a trailer brake hand valve, the hand valve can be applied to keep from rolling back. Stopping Distance Perception Distance + Reaction Distance + Braking Distance = Total Stopping Distance Perception distance. The distance your vehicle travels, in ideal conditions; from the time your eyes see a hazard until your brain recognizes it. Keep in mind certain mental and physical conditions can affect your perception distance. It can be affected greatly depending on visibility and the hazard itself. The average perception time for

an alert driver is 1 seconds. At 55 mph this accounts for 142 feet traveled. Reaction distance. The distance you will continue to travel, in ideal conditions; before you physically hit the brakes, in response to a hazard seen ahead. The average driver has a reaction time of second to 1 second. At 55 mph this accounts for 61 feet traveled. Braking distance. The distance your vehicle will travel, in ideal conditions; while you are braking. At 55 mph on dry pavement with good brakes, it can take about 216 feet. Total stopping distance. The total minimum distance your vehicle has traveled, in ideal conditions; with everything considered, including perception distance, reaction distance and braking distance, until you can bring your vehicle to a complete stop. At 55 mph, your vehicle will travel a minimum of 419 feet. How Much Space

How much space should you keep in front of you? One good rule says you need at least one second for each 10 feet of vehicle length at speeds below 40 mph. At greater speeds, you must add 1 second for safety. For example, if you are driving a 40-foot vehicle, you should leave 4 seconds between you and the vehicle ahead. In a 60-foot rig, you'll need 6 seconds. Over 40 mph, you'd need 5 seconds for a 40-foot vehicle and 7 seconds for a 60-foot vehicle. ABS Truck tractors with air brakes built on or after March 1,

1997, and other air brakes vehicles, (trucks, buses, trailers, and converter dollies) built on or after March 1, 1998, are required to be equipped with antilock brakes. Many commercial vehicles built before these dates have been voluntarily equipped with ABS. Check the certification label for the date of manufacture to determine if your vehicle is equipped with ABS. ABS is a computerized system that keeps your wheels from locking up during hard brake applications. Brake Lag is the time required for the brakes to work after the

brake pedal is pushed. With hydraulic brakes (used on cars and light/medium trucks), the brakes work instantly. However, with air brakes, it takes a little time (one half second or more) for the air to flow through the lines to the brakes. Questions?

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