Week 4 Week April 8-12 Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

Week 4 Week April 8-12 Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

Week 4 Week April 8-12 Uranus, Neptune, Pluto Week 4 Day 1 Before: Question of The Day During; PPT notes on Uranus

After: 3-2-1 Week 4 Day 1 Question of The Day Answer: Week 4 Day 1

Uranus a gas giant 7th from the sun 3 billion Km. from Sun orbit is an ellipse stretched circle At first Uranus was named Georgium Sidus, after George III (the King of England at the time). Other people called the planet Herschel, in honor of the man who discovered it. Uranus was suggested, an ancient Greek god who was the father of Saturn, so that

the new planet would have a name from mythology like the rest of the planets. The name Uranus was finally agreed on by everybody in the mid 1800s. Uranus year= 84 Earth yr. day=a little over 17 hr. blue-green color small even when viewed through a telescope methane, hydrogen, helium

core of melted rock core blends into a dirty ocean of water, ammonia, and other elements dirty ocean blends into clouds Uranus winds blow at over 645 km. an hour At least 15 moons largest, and furthest away, of Uranus moons are Miranda, Ariel, Umbriel, Titania and Oberon

moons are named after characters in the stories of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope Remaining 10 small moons discovered by the Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1986. Uranus all the gas planets have rings rings of Uranus are a very faint rings cannot be seen from Earth

seem to be made of larger chunks of very dark, rocky material Discovered by William Herschel Uranus Special Features lies on side Thought to be result of collision with something Spins in opposite direction of Earth

Week 4 Day 2 Before: Question of the Day During: PPT Notes on Neptune After: Exit Ticket Week 4 Day 2

Question of The Day Answer: A Week 4 Day 2 Neptune a gas giant 8th planet in our solar system orbit is almost a perfect circle

almost 4.5 billion km. from Sun orbit almost a perfect circle named after the Roman god of the sea year 165 Earth years day sixteen hours Neptune almost 4 times the size of Earth can be seen with binoculars or telescope

small central core of melted rock. above center is extremely cold water After water is top layer of hydrogen and helium, with a little methane mixed in methane gives Neptune its color winds can blow as fast as 2000 km. per hour at the planets equator Neptune eight moons

two can be seen from Earth Triton-- over 2600 km. rest of moons tiny, some as small as 32 km. in diameter Voyager space missions gave us our info on the moone. The spacecraft sent back pictures of nitrogen geysers erupting on Tritons surface. gas giants have rings. Neptune rings-- small, very dark clumps of rock --about the size of a small car. also a large amount of dust in the rings One of the rings has a twist in it.

Neptune Some sources say the astronomers Galle and dArrest discovered Neptune on September 23, 1846, although other sources say that it was Adams in 1846. interesting fact --astronomers were looking for it before it was know to exist. After William Herschel discovered Uranus, astronomers noticed that Uranus orbit didnt seem to obey the laws of physics. Something was

making Uranus move in unexpected ways. Astronomers decided that there must be another planet making Uranus move and they then calculated where the new planet might be. Week 4 Day 3 Before: Question of The Day During:

PPT Notes on Pluto After: Exit Slip Week 4 Day 3 Question of The Day Answer: B

A Planet or Not???? In 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) demoted Pluto from a Planet to a Dwarf Planet. Out of the 10,000 members only about 500 were at the meeting to vote on this decision. 237 voted to demote 157 voted to keep as a planet

What it takes to be a planet!! As defined by the IAU in August 2006 Must orbit a sun Must be big enough for gravity to squash it into a round ball Must have cleared other objects out of the way in its orbital neighborhood To clear an orbit it must be able to pull the objects into the planet itself or to sling-shot them around the planet and into outer space Pluto

According to IAU, in 2006, Pluto did not meet third criteria. New Horizons sent to Pluto A nine yr. trip New Horizons spacecraft arrived on Pluto in July 2015. Because of info. gathered by New Horizon, Plutos right to be a planet was argued at IAU assembly in August 2015. Pluto

Nothing decided in 2015 Many people calling Pluto a planet again NASAs Dawn space ship arrived on Ceres in March 2015 Evidence gathered leads us to believe Ceres meets planetary requirements. Ceres first discovered 1-1-1801classified as planet Demoted to asteroid 1850 Promoted to Dwarf Planet in 2006 IAU 2016 assembly will decide whether or not these two Dwarf Planets deserve

to be reinstated as Planets!! Week 4 Day3 Pluto a small planet an outer planet elliptical orbit average distance from the Sun --6 billion km. Origins of name unknownPossible origins

Pluto is the Roman god of darkness and the underworld. Pluto is always in darkness. It may have also have been given its name from the fact that its symbol PL are the initials of Percival Lowell, who founded the observatory where Plutos discoverer, Mr. Tombaugh, worked. Pluto Comparison to Earth-ping pong ball to soccer ball Earths moon is larger than Pluto.

can not be seen with a normal telescope from Earth Pluto is the only planet in the solar system that has not been explored with a spacecraft. Discovered 1930 -- Clyde Tombaugh Pluto Hypotheses dark frozen world made of a mixture of rocks and several kinds of ices

most of the ices are frozen methane and ammonia surface temp. are less than -200 degrees Celsius atmosphere to thin to support life one tiny moon Charon

discovered 1978 half the size of Pluto No other moon in the solar system is as large, when compared to the planet it revolves around. Pluto and Charon are so similar in size that some astronomers think of them as a double planet. Pluto Special Features orbit is tilted Looking at the solar system from an edge, most of the planets are

in a line like a table top, with the Sun in the middle. This line, or plane, is called the ecliptic. The rest of the planets orbits stay on this plane. However, Plutos orbit is tilted at an angle to the rest of the solar system. Pluto spins in the opposite direction from Earth. This means that the dim Sun would rise in the west and set in the east. Week 4 Day 4 Before:

Question of The Day During: Review After: Mini-Q Week 4 Day 4 Question of The Day

Answer: B Week 4 Day 5 Before: Question of The Day During: Review

After: Mini Test Week 4 Day 5 Question of The Day Answer: D

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