Figurative Language Figurative Language is language using figures
Figurative Language Figurative Language is language using figures of speech (a way of saying one thing and meaning another) In other words, language that should not be taken literally. Figurative language can be found in literature and poetry. Figurative language helps readers gain new insights to what they are reading.
What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Types of Figurative Language
Simile Metaphor Personification Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Simile Compares two things using the words like or as
Busy as a bee Clean as a whistle Brave as a lion Stand out like a sore thumb
As easy as shooting fish in a barrel As dry as a bone As funny as a barrel of monkeys They fought like cats and dogs Like watching grass grow I am hungry as a horse. You run like a rabbit. She is happy as a clam. He is sneaky as a snake.
A way of describing something by comparing it to something else; implied comparison between two unlike things When using a metaphor, you make a statement that doesnt make sense literally, like time is a thief. It only makes sense when the similarities between the two things becomes apparent or someone understands the connection. The world is my oyster You are a couch potato Time is money He has a heart of stone America is a melting pot
You are my sunshine The flowers danced in the wind. The friendly gates welcomed us. The hurricanes winds are yelling while blowing outside my window. Alliteration Stan the strong surfer saved several
swimmers on Saturday. Tiny Tommy Thomson takes toy trucks to Timmys on Tuesday. Onomatopoeia The use of words that sound like their meaning, or mimic sounds The burning wood hissed and crackled EXAMPLES Buzz Fizz
Woof Hiss Clink Boom Beep Vroom
Zip Whirr Click Whoosh Swish Zap Zing
Ping Clang Bong Hum Munch Gobble
Crunch Pow Smash Wham Quack Meow Oink
Tweet Crash The firecracker made a loud ka-boom! The ball went swish as it hit the net. I knew the car was going to break down because it
went chug chug chug Hyperbole An outrageous exaggerated statement used to heighten effect or make a point. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. It can be ridiculous or funny Shes said so on several million occasions. You snore louder than a freight train. She is so dumb, she thinks Taco Bell is a Mexican phone company. I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill! You could have knocked me over with a feather. It took forever to get there.
My teacher gave me a hundred homework assignments. IDIOMS An expression that carries a different meaning because of the context in which it is used - The context can help you understand what an idiom means. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word. Up the creek without a paddle On top of the world Fingers crossed Shake a leg
Break a leg Put a lid on it Its raining cats and dogs You have a green thumb Zip your lips Something fishy Identify the Figurative Language Theres a faucet in the basement that has dripped one drop all year since he fixed it, and we cant find it without wearing scuba gear. The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor. The leaves are little yellow fish swimming in the
river. Oh, never, if I live to be a million, shall I feel such a terrible pain. Answers Hyperbole: its saying theres so much water you need scuba gear in your own basement Metaphor: its comparing the road to a ribbon Metaphor: comparing the leaves to yellow fish Hyperbole: exaggerating how long you could
live. Identify the Figurative Language Silently and softly the swans swam on the lake. The boys dove on the ball like angry dogs snarling for a bone. The dark consumes the daylight. The students, ant-like, crowded around the pizza box. He is as strong as an ox and cannot be beaten on the field. I like ice cream!
Answers Alliteration: uses s repeatedly Simile: compares the boys to dogs using like Personification: consumes (eats) is something a human does Simile: compares the students to ants using like Simile: compares he to an ox None: this is simply a sentence. Nothing is being compared to ice cream
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