2019 Auxin Specific Applicator Training Training and Education

2019 Auxin Specific Applicator Training Training and Education

2019 Auxin Specific Applicator Training Training and Education for use of approved dicamba and 2,4-D herbicides THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Dicamba & 2,4-D Formulations This training satisfies the US EPA requirement for mandatory dicamba applicator training Texas Dept Ag (TDA) requirement for auxin specific training for approved dicamba and 2,4-D formulations This training is not a substitute for the state-specific Certified Applicator training which is required to purchase and use Restricted Use Pesticides This training certifies you to use approved auxin formulations for the 2019 season only Qualifies you for 2 CEUs of Laws and Regs Some restrictions subject to change pending 24c submission THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Dicamba Formulations The following dicamba formulations are approved for use on dicamba-tolerant and certain conventional crops and are covered by this training: Engenia herbicide (BASF) www.engeniaherbicide.com XtendiMax herbicide with VaporGrip Technology (Bayer) www.xtendimaxapplicationrequirements.com

DuPont FeXapan herbicide Plus VaporGrip Technology www.fexapanapplicationrequirements.dupont.com Any new products released in 2019 requiring auxin training The applicator must read and follow any of those new product labels and abide by any additional application requirements that may not have been covered in the training. These products are US EPA Restricted Use Pesticides & State limited use in TX For retail sale to and use only by certified applicators. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved 2,4-D Formulations The following 2,4-D formulations are approved for use on 2,4-D tolerant crops and certain conventional crops and are covered by this training: Enlist One Enlist Duo www.EnlistTankMix.com Always read and follow the specific product label. These products are State limited use pesticides in TX. For retail sale to and use only by certified applicators or those working under the supervision of a certified applicator. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Dicamba & 2,4-D are Synthetic Auxin Herbicides Synthetic auxins are very effective herbicides IAA

(auxin) Broadleaf plants (dicots) are very susceptible Grass plants (monocots) are generally tolerant Dicamba Effect on plant growth is systemic Symptomology can develop at very low rates Only affects new growth Visual symptoms are delayed 2,4D Very low rates can cause symptomology in new growth THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Dicamba Visual Sensitivity Scale 2018 Lower Moderate Severe Extreme Broccoli Cabbage Kale

Mustard Pecan Turnip Cantaloupe Canola* Cucumber Peach Peanut Squash Cotton Pepper Tomato Watermelo n Grapes* Lima bean Snap bean Southern pea Soybean Sweet potato* Tobacco* > 1/75X 1/75-1/300X

1/300-1/800X < 1/800X Herbicide Rate of Visually Detectable Injury Adapted from Dr. Stanley Culpepper, UGA Cooperative. *Data from literature; all other data generated in GA field studies. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 2,4-D Visual Sensitivity Scale - 2018 Lower Moderate Severe Extreme Broccoli Cabbage Kale Mustard Onions Peaches Peanut Pecan Turnip

Cantaloupe Canola Cucumber Soybean Squash Pepper Tomato Watermelo n Cotton Grapes* Sweet potato* Tobacco* > 1/75X 1/75-1/300X 1/300-1/800X < 1/800X Herbicide Rate of Visually Detectable Injury Adapted from Dr. Stanley Culpepper, UGA Cooperative. *Data from literature; all other data generated in GA field studies. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Soybean Sensitivity To Herbicides Rate Dicamba Glufosinate Glyphosate 1/100 of field rate 1/1000 of field rate Soybeans are extremely sensitive to dicamba relative to other herbicides 2017 BASF field research trials THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Cotton Sensitivity To Herbicides Rate Nontreated 1/1000X 1/100X

1/10X 1X 2,4-D Dicamba Cotton is much more sensitive to 2,4-D compared to dicamba 2014 Texas Agrilife Research Trial 3 weeks after application - Halfway, TX **Most recent fully unfurled leaf THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Dicamba Symptomology Other crops Cucumbers Courtesy of University of Arkansas Extension Tomatoes Courtesy of University of Arkansas Extension Grapes Courtesy of OSU Extension

BASF Photo Oak trees Sweet Potatoes Dry Beans Exercise extreme care with auxin applications with nearby broadleaf crops THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Synthetic Auxin Herbicides Summary Dicamba and 2,4-D are synthetic auxin herbicides Most dicot plants are very sensitive to synthetic auxin herbicides Extremely low doses (below 1% of a full rate) can cause auxin like symptoms Product labels must be carefully followed to prevent both drift to sensitive species or spray system contamination Following application requirements is critical to mitigate off-target movement THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations

Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Approved Auxin Formulations Key elements for on-target applications in auxin-tolerant crops Dicamba - Only Engenia, Xtendimax and FeXapan herbicides are registered for use on dicamba tolerant cotton and soybeans. 2,4-D - Only Enlist One and Enlist Duo herbicides are registered for use on Enlist tolerant crops. Use of other dicamba or 2,4-D formulations is illegal and applicators could be subjected to significant fines by regulatory authorities. 2,4-D and dicamba are not cross-tolerant THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Mechanisms of off-target movement Primary: Wind transport of spray particles Including temperature inversion Tank/equipment contamination Secondary: Water movement

Volatility Approved dicamba & 2,4-D formulations and label requirements address these mechanisms of off-target movement THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Key elements for on-target applications 1. Nozzles and boom height 2. Wind speed/direction and buffers 3. Tank mixtures 4. Avoid temperature inversions 5. Spray system hygiene THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Nozzle Selection Driftable Fines dicamba + glyphosate 0.07 0.06 Driftable Fines < 150 m Volume frequency (%) 0.05 0.04 0.03 Nozzle Type 35% XR 11004 7% AIXR 11004 0.02 <1% 0.01 TTI 11004 0 10 100 1000 10000 Droplet size (m) Go to website of approved dicamba formulation for list of nozzles Check the Enlist product labels for approved list of nozzles THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Nozzle Selection Requirement Nozzle Type Use only approved nozzles within the pressure ranges listed on the specific product websites for dicamba or on the label for Enlist One and Enlist Duo. Do not use any nozzle and pressure combination not specifically listed on the label or the specific product website. Applicators are required to consult specific product website no more than 7 days before application for a complete list of nozzles, DRAs, and other herbicides, pesticides, and additives approved for use with dicamba. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Control the Controllable Effect of Droplet Size Over Fall of 10 Feet Adapted from: Ross and Lembi, 1985. *Ten foot boom height for illustrative purposes only. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 TTI 11004 NOZZLE AT VARIABLE OPERATING

PRESSURE RANGE Dicamba (0.5 lb ae/acre) + Roundup PowerMAX herbicide (1.125 lb ae/acre) + DRA (0.5% V/V) Both pressures shown below are within approved range; yet higher PSI improves coverage INCOMPLETE PATTERN FULL PATTERN 20 PSI 60 PSI THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Nozzle Selection Incorrect nozzles can increase drift by 66 times* *Based on increased deposition at 110 in AGDISP modelling comparing approved TTI 11004 vs. unapproved TT 11004 each at 60 PSI THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Boom Height Requirement* Key for consistency of nozzle performance 24 Maximum Boom Height Above Target *dicamba required / 2,4-D recommended 48 height can increase drift potential by 5.6 times** THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Wind Speed Requirements Apply when winds are 3 to 10 mph Wind Speed Label Requirement < 3 mph DO NOT spray 3 to 10 mph* Spray ONLY IF wind is blowing away from neighboring sensitive crops or residential areas > 10 mph DO NOT spray *Sustained wind speed, but consider potential of wind gusts based on frequency and speed of gust. Measure wind speed as an average over 2 minutes. Monitor wind speed and direction during application and adjust accordingly THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Wind Speed Influence on physical spray drift Doubling wind speed (i.e. from 10 to 20 MPH) can increase potential drift by 3.4 times* *Based increased deposition at 110 in AGDISP modelling comparing 10 vs. 20 mph with approved TTI 11004 at 60 PSI THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Sensitive Areas and Crops Know your surroundings prior to application Survey surroundings for potential neighboring sensitive areas and crops

Visit with your neighbors on their cropping plans around your fields TX does not have an active specialty crop registry (Consult sensitive crop registries for location of specialty crops and other sensitive sites) Dicamba Specific Consult www.epa.gov/espp or call 1-844-447-3813 and follow any county specific dicamba use restrictions for corresponding endangered species Record areas of potential buffer zones around all edges of the field Document your efforts to identify sensitive crops Improve decision making with prior knowledge of your surroundings THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Sensitive Areas, Sensitive Crops & Residential Areas Category Buffer zones and when Examples not to spray - Dicamba Application Requirement Sensitive Areas: Bodies of water and nonresidential, uncultivated areas that may harbor sensitive plants Native vegetation Woodland Bodies of water

110 downwind buffer (0.5 lb ae/ac) 220 buffer (>0.5 to 1 lb ae/ac) Sensitive Crops and Residential Areas: Non-dicambatolerant soybeans and cotton Fruiting vegetables (e.g., tomatoes) Tobacco Grapes Fruit trees Homesteads DO NOT spray if these are neighboring and downwind Endangered Species Counties: 57 buffer on remaining sides Know your surroundings before you make a dicamba application THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Sensitive Areas and Susceptible Crops Buffer zones and when not to spray - Enlist Category

Sensitive Areas: areas identified that may be potential habitat or locations of protected species Examples Wooded areas Pasture Roadside ditch Lawns and gardens Tree Plantation Application Requirement 30 downwind buffer Susceptible Crops Non-2,4-D-tolerant cotton Fruiting vegetables (e.g., tomatoes) Tobacco Grapes Fruit trees DO NOT spray if these are neighboring and downwind

Know your surroundings before you make a 2,4-D application THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Buffer Zone Requirement - Dicamba Applicators must maintain a 110 foot buffer from the downwind field edge Non-Sensitive Crops and Areas may be included as part of the buffer: 1. Roads, paved or gravel surfaces, mowed and/or managed areas adjacent to the field, such as roadside rights-of-way 2. Agriculture fields that have been prepared for planting 3. Planted Agricultural Fields to DT soybeans, DT cotton, asparagus, corn, sorghum, proso millet, small grains, and sugarcane 4. Areas covered by the footprint of a building, shade house, silo, feed crib, or other man made structure with walls and or roof Buffer zone determination is a record keeping requirement THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Endangered Species Buffer Zone Requirement Dicamba Some counties may potentially harbor threatened or endangered species Fields in these counties require a 110 foot downwind buffer plus a 57 foot buffer on all other sides of the field Non-Sensitive Crops and Areas may be included as part of the required buffer zones Bulletins showing these counties can be found at www.epa.gov/espp/ or call 1-844-447-3813 Buffer zone determination is a record keeping requirement

THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 D a la m Counties Requiring Endangered Species Buffer Zone for Dicamba H a rt le y Nueces Refugio Robertson Runnels Starr Uvalde Willacy Williamson Ha n s fo r d M o o re O ld h a m H u tc h i n so n

P o te r De a f S m it h P a rm e r Cameron Coke El Paso Fort Bend Hidalgo Jim Wells Kleberg Medina Mitchell Sh e r ma n C a rs o n Ra n d a l C a st ro L ip sc o m b

Ro b e r ts H e mp h i l G ra y A rm s tr o n g S w is h e r Oc h i ltr e e Wh e e l e r Do n l e y B ri sc o e C o li n

g s wo r th Ha l C h ild re s s H a rd e m a n B a ile y L a m b H a le F lo y d M o tl e y C o tl e Wi lb a r g e r

Fo a r d C o ch r a n H o ck le y Wi ch it a C la y L u b b o ck C ro s b y D ic k e n s K in g Kn o x B a yl o r

M o n ta g u e A rc h e r Co o k e La m G ra y s o n r a R e d R iv e r F a n in B o w ie Yo a k u m D e lta

T e ry L yn n G a rz a Ke n t S to n e wa l H a sk e l T h ro ck m o rt o n J a c k Yo u n g Wi se De n t o n

C o li n Ho p k in s Hu n t D a w so n B o rd e n R o ck w a l Sc u r ry F is h e r J o n e s Sh a c k e l fo rd

P a rk e r P a lo P in to S te p h e n s M a rt in Ho wa r d T a ra n t Wo o d D a la s U p sh u r Va n Z a n d t N o la n T a yl o r

H a r is o n G re g g J o h n s o n E a st la n d C a la h a n E ra th S m it h E li s S o me r v e l l He n d e rs o n Pa n o la

R u sk Wi n k le r E c to r M id la n d G la s sc o ck S te rl in g C o ke Hu d s p e th Texas C o le m a n Wa rd C ra n e Re e v e s U p to n

Re a g a n B o sq u e H a m ilt o n N a co g d o c h e s Mc L e n n a n L im e s to n e L a m Sa nS a b a Ho u s to n Le o n

F a ls a s a p s An g e li n a T ri n i ty Be l Ro b e r ts o n M a d is o n Me n a r d C ro c ke t t B u rn e t

Ma s o n P o lk M il a m L la n o G il le sp ie T ra v is L e B la n co S a n Ja c in to G ri m e s B u rle s o n T e re l N e w to n J a

s p e r B ra z o s K im b le P re s id io T yl e r Wa lk e r Wi lia m s o n S u to n Sa n A u g u s tin e Sa b i n e C o ry e l Co n c h o Sc h

l e i ch e r Sh e l b y F re e st o n e M il ls Mc C u l lo ch P e co s Ch e r o ke e An d e r so n B ro w n T o mG r e n Ir io n

N a va r ro H il l C o ma n c h e R u n e ls M o n tg o m H a rd in r y e Wa s h i n g t o n B re w s te r V a lV e rd e Ke r Ed wa

r d s L ib e rty B a st ro p H a ys H a r is Ch a m F o rt B e n d B e xa r G o n za le s M e d in a L a v a c a G a lv e s t o n Wh a rt o

n Wi ls o n B ra z o r ia D e Wit t Z a va la A ta s co s a F ri o J a c k so n K a rn e s M a ta g o r d a Ma v e r ic k V ic to ri a G o lia d

C a lh o u n D im m i t L a Sa l le M c M u le n Be e L iv e O a k R e fu g io A ra n sa s We b b D u va l J im W l ls e Nu e c e s

K le b e r g Za p a ta J e f fe rs o n C o lo ra d o Gu a d a lu p e Uv a l d e A u st in F a ye t e C a ld w e l l C o ma l Ba n

d e ra K in n e y J im H o g g O ra n g e Wa l e r Ke n d a l Re a l Sa nP a t ric io Updated on 1/7/2019 and Valid through July 2019 M a ri o n Ho o d

M it ch e l El P a s o J e f f D a v is Ca s R a in s Ka u f ma n An d r e ws C u lb e r s o n M o r is C a mp G a in e s L o

v in g F ra n kl in T itu s B ro o ks Ke n e d y S ta r Wi la c y H id a lg o C a m e ro n THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 e rs b Buffer Zone Requirement - Enlist Applicators must maintain a 30 foot buffer from the downwind field edge Non-Sensitive Crops and Areas may be included as part of the buffer: 1. Roads, paved or gravel surfaces 2. Agriculture fields that have been prepared for planting 3. Planted Agricultural Fields to rice, peanuts, corn, sorghum, soybeans, wheat, alfalfa

4. Areas covered by the footprint of a building, shade house, silo, feed crib, or other man made structure with walls and or roof zone determination is asusceptible record keeping requirement 30 ft. buffers doBuffer not apply to downwind crops, including non-Enlist cotton. DO NOT SPRAY when adjacent susceptible crops are downwind. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Sensitive Crops and Residential Areas DO NOT apply where spray drift may occur to food, forage or other plantings DO NOT apply when wind is blowing in the direction of neighboring sensitive crops or residential areas It is up to the applicator to use proper judgement to decide what field is neighboring and thereby susceptible to drift Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Spray Buffer Requirements Example of no in-field buffer required (non-endangered species county) North Wind

3 to 10 MPH Corn (a non-sensitive crop) counts as part of the 110 downwind buffer No in-field buffer needed Corn Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Corn Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tree line Application Decisions Example of in-field buffer required (non-endangered species county) Northwest Wind 3 to 10 MPH Corn Non-Dicamba

Tolerant Cotton The sensitive area (tree line) requires a 110 downwind buffer to the east Corn (a non-sensitive crop) counts as part of the 110 downwind buffer to the south Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Corn Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tree line Application Decisions Example of when not to spray DO NOT spray with neighboring sensitive crops downwind (e.g. Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton) Southwest

Wind 3 to 10 MPH Corn Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Corn Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Spray Buffer Requirements When not to spray Northwest Wind 3 to 10 MPH Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton DO NOT spray with neighboring sensitive crop exists downwind just past the sensitive area

Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Corn Consider your surroundings not every field should be sprayed with dicamba THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tree line Spray Buffer Requirements When not to spray West Wind 3 to 10 MPH Corn Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Slight variation in wind direction will result in downwind sensitive crops and a DO NOT SPRAY situation Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton

Consider your surroundings not every field should be sprayed with dicamba THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tree line Spray Buffer Requirements For Endangered Species Counties Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Northwest Wind 3 to 10 MPH Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton 110 downwind buffer adjacent to sensitive areas on east and south Maintained road ditches and roads count as part of the 57 buffers on the north and west No in-field buffers needed there Corn 110 buffer

Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Sensitive Area Corn Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Spray Buffer Requirements For Endangered Species Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Northeast Wind 3 to 10 MPH Non-Dicamba Tolerant Cotton 110 downwind buffer adjacent to sensitive areas on south 57 buffer next to sensitive area on east Maintained road ditches and road count as part of the 57 buffers on the north Maintained road ditches, road, and non-sensitive areas count part of the 110 downwind buffer to the west

Corn 57 buffer Dicamba Tolerant Cotton Sensitive Area Corn 110 buffer Additional state restrictions may apply Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Should you spray? Wind blowing from the west to the east at 8 mph Enlist Cotton Peanut s

WIND THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Should you spray? Wind blowing from the west to the east at 10 mph Enlist Cotto n 1 Enlist Cotton 2 Non Enlist Cotton WIND THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Should you spray? Although the field prepared for planting is not a susceptible crop for Enlist herbicides, use caution when wind is blowing parallel to non-Enlist cotton. Recommendation in this scenario is to wait until wind is blowing away from the susceptible crop. WIND Wind blowing from the south into the north at 8 mph Enlist Cotton 1 Enlist Cotton 2 Non Enlist Cotton

THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Beware - buffers do not apply to downwind susceptible crops, such as cotton without the herbicide trait. Sorghum 50 ft ditchbank Neighboring susc. crop Susceptible crops examples Cotton without herbicide trait Grapes Cucurbits Area sprayed Fruiting Vegetables Tomatoes

Tobacco THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tank Mixtures Only use products approved by the EPA Consult respective websites for list of approved tank-mix partners Engenia herbicide: www.EngeniaTankMix.com Xtendimax herbicide: www.xtendimaxapplicationrequirements.com FeXapan herbicide: www.fexapanapplicationrequirements.dupont.com Enlist One & Enlist Duo: www.EnlistTankMix.com Use approved DRA if required NO ammonium salts (AMS, UAN) or acidifying water conditioners Dicamba Tank must be cleaned prior to mixing so that no AMS or UAN residues remain These restrictions apply to all conventional and HT crop uses THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tank Mixtures Dicamba Only Impact of AMS on dicamba volatility 8 Dicamba Loss (%) BASF Lab Study Engenia Engenia herbicide: 12.8 fl oz/A

Engenia + AMS AMS 0.5% w/v at 10 GPA Test Conditions: 6 Duration: 24 hours + AMS Air flow: 0.5 l/min using 2.5 l tank 4 RH: 35% Substrate: glass 2 0 dicamba herbicide Alone

72 22 75 24 79 26 82 28 86 30 90 32 93 34 97 36 100 38 F)

Temperature Temperature ((C) AMS increases potential volatility by 20 times THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Tank Mixtures Dicamba Only Solution pH Spray solutions with pH levels less than 5 may increase the potential volatility of dicamba Litmus paper and pH meters can help determine the final solution pH Water source and/or tank-mixtures may impact final solution pH Neutral buffering agents can be added if listed on www.engeniatankmix.com DO NOT use ammonium containing products or acidifying water conditioners THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Crop Specific Directions Cotton Applications to Cotton - Enlist Approved 2,4-D formulations can be made up to mid bloom MAXIMUM OF TWO IN- CROP APPLICATIONS

THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Crop Specific Directions Cotton Applications to Cotton - Dicamba Approved dicamba formulations can be made up to 60 days after planting or mid bloom, whichever occurs first MAXIMUM OF TWO IN- CROP APPLICATIONS THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Crop Specific Directions Soybean Applications to Soybean - Dicamba Approved dicamba formulations can be made up to 45 days after planting or prior to first bloom, whichever occurs first M AXI MUM OF TWO IN - CROP APPLICATIONS R 1 G R O W TH S T A G E I N S O Y B E A N S = B E G I N N I N G B L O O M ( O P E N F L O W E R A T A N Y N O D E O N T H E M A I N S TEM) THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Restrictions Highlighted Label Requirements Minimum application volume: 15 GPA for dicamba 10-15 GPA for Enlist Sprayer speed: 15 mph Rainfall: DO NOT apply if expected rainfall within 24 hours after application will result in runoff dicamba specific Rainfast: 4 hours DO NOT apply aerially THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Dicamba Formulations Topics: Why does dicamba require additional precautions Label requirements for approved dicamba formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Avoid Temperature Inversions DO NOT apply when temperature inversions exist at the field level Temperature inversions occur when temperatures increase with altitude Presence often indicated by ground fog, smoke not rising, dust hanging over a road, or presence of dew or frost ONLY apply Dicamba from one hour after sunrise until two hours before sunset Confirm that field level inversions DO NOT exist before application THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Temperature Inversions Impact on physical spray drift During an inversion small droplets remain suspended in air and move great distances horizontality for as long as inversion lasts Larger area potentially impacted Symptomology possible over large area Direction & distance of movement is unpredictable DO NOT make applications when an inversion exists at the field level THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Spray System Hygiene 2019 US EPA requirements Spray equipment must be thoroughly cleaned before and after application of approved auxin formulations Document that required cleanout procedures were followed (dicamba) Date and method at minimum Triple rinse procedure outlined on the label Use detergent based tank cleaner in 2nd rinse Wash the exterior of the sprayer Remove and clean end caps, nozzles, screens, and filters Hygiene is critical at all points in the handling and mixing process THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Why focus on hygiene of the entire handling process of pesticides? Contamination can damage susceptible crops

Potential to affect multiple fields Patterns may or may not be visible Contamination can cause incompatibility and plug screens and/or other sprayer parts Contamination with ammonium sulfate (AMS) can compromise lower volatility improvements of new dicamba formulations THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 1/20,000th of the 1x Use Rate (0.000025 lb ae/A dicamba) 14 days after vegetative stages (V3) application on nondicamba tolerant soybeans CONTROL - 14 DAT 0.000025 lb ae/a - 14 DAT THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 How much dicamba does it take to potentially contaminate a sprayer? 3 ml of formulated product 12 fl oz of spray solution

Commercial sprayer with 1000 gallon tank Application volume: 10 GPA Hygiene is critical to preventing spray system contamination THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Simple Handling and Mixing Model Limited points of potential contamination Product mixed directly in sprayer Product applied If there is no upstream product handling, then the sprayer is sole source of contamination concern THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Upstream Handling and Mixing Multiple points of potential contamination Storage tanks/shuttles Hoses and pumps at the shed and in the field Especially unlined EPDM hoses Mixing and loading equipment Nurse trucks Any thing formulated product and/or spray solution touches prior to the sprayer can be a source of contamination

THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Spray System Hygiene Summary Spray equipment must be thoroughly cleaned before and after application of approved dicamba or 2,4-D products Ensure all pumps, hoses, tanks, and other mixing and loading equipment are thoroughly cleaned before using that equipment for susceptible crops Consider having dedicated system for all equipment used in measuring, mixing, loading, and applying dicamba or 2,4-D products Hygiene is critical at all points in the handling and mixing process THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Record Keeping Dicamba

2019 US EPA & TX requirements Engenia, Fexapan, and Xtendimax herbicides are Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP) New for 2019: Only Certified Applicators may purchase and apply Engenia, Fexapan, and Xtendimax herbicides State Limited Use Pesticide - TX THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Record Keeping - Dicamba 2019 US EPA requirements Record keeping of all applications is required Records must be generated as soon as practical but no later than 72 hours after application Records must be retained for 2 years Records must be kept by field as defined by borders If you move to a new field with different borders, new records must be kept Must be made available upon request to State Pesticide Control Officials, USDA, and/or EPA All required records per 7 CFR Part 110 Refer to federal label for full listing of record keeping requirements Paper and electronic forms will be provided to ease recording of information THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Record Keeping - Dicamba Details that must be recorded 1. Certified applicator full name

2. Certification number 3. Product name 4. EPA registration number 5. Total amount applied 10. Crop or site receiving the application 11. Size of area treated 12. Applicator proof of training 17. Buffer distance calculation 18. Date and procedure for spray system cleanout (before and after spraying) 19. List of tank-mix products with EPA registration numbers 6. Application month, day, year 13. Application timing (PRE or days after planting) 7. Crop planting date 14. Receipts of purchase 8. Start and finish times

15. Product label(s) including 24(c) state local needs 21. Air temperature at boom height at start and finish 16. Document awareness of sensitive crops 22. Wind speed and direction at start and finish 9. Location of application 20. Nozzle and pressure Record must be made for each application of approved dicamba products THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Record Keeping - Enlist 2019 US EPA & TX requirements Enlist One and Enlist Duo herbicides are State Limited Use Pesticides New for 2019: Only Certified Applicators and operators may purchase, but must also receive auxin training to apply. State Limited Use Pesticide - TX

THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Record Keeping - Enlist Details that must be recorded THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Effective Weed Management Key strategies Identify the target weeds Include multiple, effective sites of action (SOA) Use a good residual PRE herbicide Spray your POST herbicide early 4 max weed height Target application at 3 to 5 weeks after planting for

soybeans or sooner for cotton1 Add a residual herbicide to the POST 1 Additional state restrictions may apply. Tailor your weed management plan to the field THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Effective Weed Management Palmer amaranth and waterhemp can grow fast! Start with a good residual PRE herbicide Plan to spray POST when weeds are <1 inch tall Minimizes weed competition and impact on crop yield 8 4 2 5 Weeds, especially pigweed species, grow fast! THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Effective Weed Management Use residual herbicide at planting POST ONLY (V3): Engenia herbicide (12.8 fl oz) + glyphosate 2016 BASF Trial 30 Days After Post Story City, IA PRE: Zidua PRO herbicide (6 fl oz) POST (V3): Engenia herbicide (12.8 fl oz) + glyphosate PRE residual followed by POST dicamba preserves yield potential Always read and follow label directions. Engenia is a US EPA Restricted Use Pesticide. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Effective Weed Management Best practices to optimize efficacy Required minimum spray volume 15 GPA 2017 BASF Spray Chamber Results Better coverage for tough weeds Match nozzle to GPA, pressure, and sprayer speed as specified by the label Use an adjuvant, such as a NIS 10 GPA

TTI 11003 at 40 PSI Maximizes herbicide uptake Add approved Drift Reduction Agent (DRA) if required as listed on website for approved dicamba formulation Plan an early post application 15 GPA TTI 11004 at 40 PSI Engenia herbicide + glyphosate + adjuvant Optimize efficacy with proper application volume and adjuvant Always read and follow label directions. Engenia is a US EPA Restricted Use Pesticide. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Effective Weed Management Success requires a plan Use Multiple effective Sites-of-Action Reduce potential for development of weed resistance Use Preemergence Residual herbicides Reduce weed pressure for better control with POST herbicides More time to select the proper spray day for POST Preserve yield potential Plan an Early Post treatment with a residual herbicide

Reliable control of small weeds Extended in-season control Tailor your weed management plan to each field THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training For Approved Auxin Formulations Topics: Why do Auxin herbicides require additional precautions Label requirements for approved auxin formulations Understanding temperature inversions Spray system hygiene Record keeping Using dicamba and 2,4-D in a weed management system Summary THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 2019 requirements for on-target applications Dicamba1 Nozzle Enlist2 Go to herbicide website1 or label2 for list of approved nozzles and pressures Wind Speed Tank Mixtures/ Additives

3 to 10 mph Go to herbicide website for updated list NO ammonium salts or acidifying water conditioners (AMS or UAN) No restrictions for using AMS Ground Speed < 15 mph < 15 mph recommended Boom Height < 24 inches to spray target Consult nozzle manufacturer < 24 inches recommended Application Volume 15 GPA minimum 10-15 GPA minimum THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 2019 requirements for on-target applications Dicamba1 Enlist2 DO NOT spray if wind is blowing toward neighboring sensitive1/susceptible2 crops Sensitive1 / Susceptible2 Crops and Residential Areas Includes non-dicamba tolerant Includes non-enlist cotton soybeans Sensitive Areas 110 downwind buffer to nonresidential, uncultivated areas or bodies of water. 57 omni-directional buffer in EPA endangered species counties. 30 downwind buffer to wooded areas, pasture, lawns, roadside ditch Timing (whichever comes first)

Soybeans: Up to 45 DAP or beg. bloom Cotton: Up to 60 DAP or midbloom Cotton: up to mid-bloom Weed Height 4 inches or less for best performance 4-6 inches THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 2019 requirements for on-target applications Dicamba Training Sprayer Cleanout Temperature Inversions Daytime Applications Rainfall Record Keeping Enlist Complete annual auxin-specific training Triple rinse use detergent based cleaner before & after application DO NOT apply during a field level temperature inversion

Only apply one hour after sunrise until Dont apply during inversion two hours before sunset DO NOT apply w/in 24 hrs of expected rainfall runoff potential Including application, tank cleanout, planting date, and buffer zone calculation information Dont allow runoff TX Dept of Ag Requirement No Aerial Applications THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Training for Approved Auxin Formulations Summary of application requirements Additional state restrictions may apply Use residual herbicides at-planting Plan to spray early post Know your surroundings Know the weather conditions Follow label directions for application success Clean the spray system before and after application Handling and applying dicamba requires extra caution and attention

Failure to follow any of the label requirements can lead to off-target movement DO NOT use these herbicides if you are unwilling or unable to follow requirements Always read and follow label directions. Engenia, Xtendimax, and FeXapan are US EPA Restricted Use Pesticides. THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19 Additional Information Engenia herbicide from BASF www.engeniastewardship.com www.engeniaherbicide.com Tank-mixtures: www.engeniatankmix.com XtendiMax herbicide with VaporGrip Technology www.xtendimaxapplicationrequirements.com DuPont FeXapan herbicide Plus VaporGrip Technology www.fexapanapplicationrequirements.dupont.com Enlist One & Enlist Duo www.EnlistTankMix.com 24c Update on TDA Website www.texasagriculture.gov/RegulatoryPrograms/Pesticides THESE TRAINING MATERIALS ARE DESIGNED TO SATISFY FEDERAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS AND THE TRAINING AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS IMPOSED BY THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 01/19

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • History &amp; Development of Forensic Science

    History & Development of Forensic Science

    Calvin Goddard(1891-1955) "Father of Ballistics" Developed the technique to examine bullets, using a comparison microscope, to determine whether or not a particular gun fired the bullets.
  • Algorithms for Control and Interaction of Large Formations

    Algorithms for Control and Interaction of Large Formations

    This approach to the autonomous control of creating and maintaining multi-robot formations is similar to work done in coordinating formations of Earth-bound, mobile robots (Fredslund, et al 2002 & Balch, et al 1998). This work has been inspired by biological...
  • Entrepreneurial Mindset - Center Of Excellence for ...

    Entrepreneurial Mindset - Center Of Excellence for ...

    IT Futures Summit 2018. May 18, 2018. Question. Who or what comes to mind when you hear the word entrepreneur? Reality. Silicon Valley startup stories are (by far) the exception and not the norm. ... highly resilient, resourceful, and solution-oriented
  • English B60 - lpeet.weebly.com

    English B60 - lpeet.weebly.com

    Nouns. Nouns name people, places, things, or ideas. Nouns are used as subjects and objects of sentences. Proper nouns name specific people, places, things, or ideas; these are capitalized and can include more than one word. Ms. Kim and the...
  • Energy to drive the Climate - Columbia University

    Energy to drive the Climate - Columbia University

    Energy is measured in units of work: The MKS unit for energy is the Joule (J): 1 Joule is equal to the work spent by moving a body with a force of 1 Newton over a distance of 1 meter,...
  • Mammalian circulation systemic pulmonary systemic  AP Biology What

    Mammalian circulation systemic pulmonary systemic AP Biology What

    "dub" Right side = pulmonary Left side = aortic. The heart sounds heard with a stethoscope are caused by the closing of the valves. (Even without a stethoscope, you can hear these sounds by pressing your ear tightly against the...
  • Proclaim the Everlasting Gospel ~ Lesson 7 Student

    Proclaim the Everlasting Gospel ~ Lesson 7 Student

    [In the fall of 1830], the Lord revealed to Joseph Smith that Oliver Cowdery, Peter Whitmer Jr., Parley P. Pratt, and Ziba Peterson were to 'go unto the Lamanites and preach my gospel unto them' (D&C 28:8; 30:5-6; 32:1-3). These...
  • XYZ Wealth Management Progress Review Meeting with THE

    XYZ Wealth Management Progress Review Meeting with THE

    The first is IWM which is a meeting that you can facilitate to help clients discuss their wills and estate plans with their adult children. Research shows that 67% of clients do not discuss their intentions with their adult children.