Welcome to The Scholars Academy! Post Impressionism Seurat,
Welcome to The Scholars Academy! Post Impressionism Seurat, Cezanne, and Van Gogh
Sunday in The Park, Seurat This painting has 3,456,000 dots! Seurat's famous "A Sunday in the Park on the Island of La Grande Jatte" (more commonly known as "Sunday in the Park"), which covered a wall (81 inches by 120 inches), took him two years to complete. He was
known for amazing devotion and concentration. The dots in a pointillist painting can be as small as 1/16 of an inch in diameter! Based on these measurements, "Sunday in the Park" has approximately 3,456,000 Georges Seurat (1859-1891)
Georges Seurat was French painter who founded a painting style called pointillism. He began painting in the style of Impressionism but soon became more interested in scientific color theory. He is famous for using little dabs or points of pure bright color to paint. When viewed
from a distance, the eye mixes the colors together What is Pointillism? Pointillism is a technique of painting in which a lot of tiny dots are combined to
form a picture. The reason for doing pointillism instead of a picture with physical mixing is that, supposedly, physically mixing colors dulls them. Most of the painters of Seurat's time
blended the colors to make a picture with a smoother feeling than Seurat's bright, dotty works. Can you see how Seurat painted in the style of pointillism through all the little dots?
How do the colors mix? When two colors are right next to each other your eye mixes them in a process called, "optical mixing." Using optical mixing rather than physical mixing can create a brighter picture. By using primary colors optical mixing creates
secondary colors. What are primary and secondary colors? Primary Colors The primary colors are red, blue and yellow. Primary colors cannot be made from other colors. Artists create secondary and
intermediate colors by mixing primary pigments. Secondary Colors The secondary colors are green, orange and violet (purple). A secondary color is made by mixing two primary colors. Each
secondary color is made from the two primary colors on either side of it in Seurat invented pointillism. What is Post-Impressionism? Post-Impressionism refers to an artistic style that
followed Impressionism at the end of the 1800s. Most Post-Impressionist artists began as Impressionists, but then decided to try new ideas. Seurat was Post-Impressionist because he did not paint like artists before him, but invented the Poinillist style. Another artists, Vincent van Gogh wanted to add
emotion and symbolic meaning to his art through color and line. His work often contained bold color and expressive brushstrokes! Van Gogh used color and bold brushstrokes in his Post Impressionist style.
Paul Cezanne 1839-1906 Cezanne began painting outdoors in 1872 and exhibited with the Impressionists a few times before breaking with them in 1887. Cezanne focused on arrangements of constructed forms, geometric forms
He believed that there was hidden order in nature seen in geometric forms. His paintings are abstract, yet objects within them are recognizable. Cezanne's revolutionary theories and work lead to Cubism. Notice the
Do you see the abstraction in the trees? Cezanne Still Life with Apples and Oranges WHAT MADE THESE ARTISTS DIFFERENT? Seurat, Van Gogh, Cezanne
What made these artists Post Impressionist was that they painted differently from other artists before them. Seurat invented pointillism. Van Gogh painted differently through bold color and a bold brushstrokes.
Cezanne painted from direct observation but distorted his objects into geometric forms. VOCABULARY Seurat
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