U.S. Updates: Federal and ASTM F963 - What You Need to Know Al Kaufman Senior Vice-President, Technical Affairs The Toy Association March 13, 2018 - Shanghai March 15, 2018 - Guangzhou Significant CPSC Actions Finalized Phthalate rule: Lifted interim restrictions on DnOP and DIDP;
Made permanent the restriction on DINP (and extended this to all accessible plasticized components, not just mouthable ones); Added restrictions in all accessible plasticized components for DIBP, DPenP, DHexP, and DCHP Applies to products manufactured domestically or imported on or after April 25, 2018 Granted significant testing burden relief, at Associations urging: Routine phthalate testing not required for: Natural wood and composite wood Styrenic plastics: GPS, MIPS, HIPS, SHIPS, ABS Polyethylene
Polypropylene Product Safety Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Changes impact numerous sections. Revisions aim to clarify requirements, enhance existing requirements, plus some new requirements ASTM F963-16 published October 20, 2016 by ASTM; notified to CPSC November 1, 2016 Under CPSIA, revised standard becomes mandatory consumer product safety rule for all toys sold in the US, with CPSC approval, 180 days after notification of publication by ASTM.
CPSC approved and published direct final rule on February 4, 2017, with a 30-day comment period; no negative comments received by March 6, 2017, so standard became effective April 30, 2017 applying to all toys manufactured or imported on or after that date). Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Affected sections (among others): Acoustics Batteries Heavy elements Magnets Projectiles
REVISED Microbiological Safety Ride-on Toys Toy Chests Miscellaneous technical issues NEW requirement: Expanding materials Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Acoustics: Format and sequence changed to more closely align with EN71 Continuous/Impulsive sound distinction no longer made; now aligns with EN71-1:2014
Adds a definition for push/pull toys; measurement speed changed to 1 m/s Close-to-the-ear toy limits revised to correct error in 2011 revision; Cycle definition clarified Measurement distance and microphone height aligned with EN711:2014 Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Battery-operated Toys/Batteries: New definitions have been added to define batteries and cells. A new warning label has been added for certain button
and coin cell batteries of nominal 1.5 volts or greater to alert consumers to hazards that have been identified with these cells. Added temperature and current-limiting requirements for lithium-ion and Ni-MH batteries used in toys Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Battery-operated Toys/Batteries (cont): Protection circuitry required for both batteries and chargers to prevent short circuits, overcharging, and overheating that can result in battery venting, fire, or explosion. Add four new test methods for toys that contain rechargeable cells
and batteries including battery overcharging test, repetitive overcharging test, single fault charging test and short circuit protection test. Compliance with referenced battery standards may be established by appropriate documentation rather than third-party laboratory testing Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Expanding materials: Adds a requirement for materials and toys which may expand if ingested Prescribes test methods and acceptance criteria for such
materials Addresses problematic products without failing items which have not created issues Applies to as-received small parts of expanding material Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Heavy Elements: In 2011 edition of the standard requirements for heavy metals in substrates were added. 2016 edition clarifies some of the earlier requirements for more consistent interpretation (e.g., clarifying amendments for fabrics and stickers)
Adds an option for use of HD-XRF technology as an alternate test method for total screen testing (for homogeneous polymers) Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Impaction hazards: Provides clarification to the requirements and supplemental guidance for impaction hazards Magnets: Changes to align with ISO and EN requirements Adds a soaking test and compression test Revises the gaussmeter tolerance specification
Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Microbiological Safety: Adds an alternative CTFA test method to supplement current USP methods Adds a requirement for avian feathers Clarifies which products are subject to challenge testing Prescribes specific pass/fail criteria for cleanliness and challenge testing, to aid consistent interpretation of results Specifies minimum set of challenge organisms
Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Projectiles: Changes to align with ISO 8124 and some EN71 requirements Addition of requirements for non-stored-energy projectiles Added requirements for mouth-actuated projectile toys Added requirements for projectiles that have foam darts and/or suction cups (adding 57 mm length requirement for suction cup projectiles) Use of gauge for leading edge radius measurements of rigid projectiles The allowable kinetic energy density (KED) was aligned with ISO requirements 2500 J/m2 (for projectiles with energy >0.08J)
Other miscellaneous changes Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Ride-On Toys: Adds a strap exemption for ride-on toys Clarifies the existing overload and stability requirements Adds temperature and current-limiting requirements for lithium-ion batteries used in ride-on toys Revision of ASTM F963 - 2016 Toy Chests: Reinstates the requirements for Toy Chests within ASTM
F963 (they had been removed in the 2011 edition, however US CPSC considers the requirements part of mandatory ASTM F963 standards under CPSIA and so these requirements have been reinstated) ASTM F834 standard for Toy Chests (identical requirements) has been withdrawn to avoid redundancy. ASTM F963-17 Status ASTM notified CPSC of publication of revised standard on September 1, 2017 Staff recommended and Commission voted in November to accept standard with exception of added clarifying
phrase for push/pull toys in acoustics section 184.108.40.206(5) TA Toy Association asserts this is due to a misinterpretation by CPSC staff of an acoustics requirement in the 2016 revision (a requirement in place since 2008) CPSC issued direct final rule to be effective for products manufactured or imported on or after February 28, 2018 unless significant adverse comment received Toy Association has submitted such comment; unfortunately, CPSC has declined to withdraw DFR, and rule went into effect on February 28, 2018 Product Safety
ASTM F963-17 Status (contd.) Association and ASTM Work Group working with CPSC staff to revise acoustics section to clarify requirements (for future revision) and clarify requirement in interim Changes in 2017 edition are largely editorial in nature, with two exceptions: Acoustics of push/pull toys clarification this is not an added exemption
Insertion of phrase (mistakenly omitted from 2016 revision) to limit KED requirement to stored-energy projectiles with KE greater than 0.08J (CPSC provided enforcement discretion in interim Product Safety Thank you! Questions/Discussion?
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