A LANGUAGE AND CULTURE IN SHARP DECLINE
Student Researchers: Lizzy Ehrenberg, Madeline Tautges, Kristina Hoyt | Department of Languages, University of Wisconsin Eau
Faculty Supervisor: Dr. Kelly Biers
WHAT IS WALLOON?
Walloon is one of four spoken languages native to
southern Belgium. Walloon was primarily spoken
in the region know as Wallonia.
Walloon has remained relatively unchanged
since the 1600s
Prominent usage up until WWI
In the 1930s, French was mandated as the
Walloon has been in severe decline since
In the US, Walloon is spoken in an area
approximately 100 square miles in Northeast
NEW OPPORTUNITIES INLINGUISTIC SITUATION TODAY
Walloon is an oral language
No formal written script
In 1852, eighty-one families from Wallonia departed
Belgium and emigrated to America, causing a wave of
5,000-7,000 others to follow them. Farming, the
primary employment of 30% of the Belgian population
was no longer sustainable. Famine and disease crippled
the working class and food prices soared, but wages
stayed the same
The Walloon immigrants first settled in Kaukauna,
Wisconsin. There they met Father Edward Daems, who
informed them of the Bay Settlement, ten miles north
of what is now Green Bay. Few of the immigrants knew
any English and took advantage of the predominantly
French population in Aux Premiers Belges, now Green
Bay. They purchased land and used it for farming.
All writing is done phonetically
Walloon is only spoken by a handful of people
Walloon and French are sister languages
BETWEEN FRENCH AND
Image courtesy of Madeline Tautges
Language revitalization is a long term process that
seeks to save dead or dying languages and cultures
Maori was one of the first organized attempts to
conserve a dying minority and cultural language
Hawaii and Navajo have made similar programs in
Image courtesy of Lizzy Ehrenberg
Upon arrival in Wisconsin, the Walloons faced several
years of extreme poverty and sickness. As an extra
source of income in the winter, they produced wooden
shingles, the money from which went to buy cattle,
farming equipment, and provisions. Eventually, the
settlers were able to build roads, schools, churches and
shops, which brought new industries, like shipbuilding,
to the area.
OUR NEXT STEPS
The following are ideas to preserve and pass on
Walloon to the next generation.
Introduction of a formal written system based on
Introduction of language immersion day camps
Computer application designed for daily language
On Sunday, October 8th, 1871, a fire destroyed much
of the settlement, killing over 200 people and leaving
more than 5,000 homeless. After the fire, many settlers
returned to Green Bay in search of an easier life.
Image courtesy of Google Maps
Images courtesy of Lizzy Ehrenberg
Support for the project came from Student Blugold
Commitment Differential Tuition funds through the
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Faculty/Student
Research Collaboration Grants program
We thank the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs for supporting this research, and Learning & Technology Services for printing this poster.
Definition Positive number - a number greater than zero. Definition Negative number - a number less than zero. Definition Opposite Numbers - numbers that are the same distance from zero in the opposite direction Definition Integers - Integers are all...
The areas of the pyramid reflect the approximate prevalence of each category. Clinicians and public health practitioners should be most concerned with the categories in the shaded upper portions of the pyramid (representing unhealthy alcohol use). ... Prescribing Acamprosate. Main...
Poe and Hawthorne Poe: "Cask of the Amontillado," "The Raven," "The Bells," "Annabel Lee," "Masque of the Red Death," "Tell Tale Heart," and "Fall of the House of Usher" Hawthorne: "Young Goodman Brown," "The Birthmark," and House of the Seven...
I have to give the correct change, and balance every shift. I have to be trust worthy and dependable. Example of a Teamwork Skill Document Description: Photo of me playing defense for the Girls Burnaby Metro Soccer Team, 2009-10 season....
All manual metadata entered upfront & centrally in data specs. Programmatic checks ensure quality and consistency. Submission deliverables end up consistent with each other. Ease of use. Common tool/process for SDTM, ADaM, SEND, define.xml/pdf, annotated CRF. No need to dig...
Some of the earliest evidence of the use of symbols and script in India, from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. An organized system of government and culture developed at around the same time in the river valleys...
THE Comprehensive service program . Is based on the notion that an IR is a set of services, many of a technical nature. Service unit(s) (libraries; may partner with the Office of Research Administration and University Computing), supplies a database,...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!