1. What was the old Imperialism? 2. Where

1. What was the old Imperialism? 2. Where

1. What was the old Imperialism? 2. Where did the new imperialism take place? 3. What factors led to the new Imperialism? 4. How did the Industrial Revolution lead to the new Imperialism? Imperialism when

one country controls the political, economic, or cultural life of another country. Sphere of Influence area in which an outside power claims exclusive trade privileges.

Review The Old Imperialism was led by Spain and Portugal during the 1500s. The imperialized territory was the New World of the Americas. Spain and Portugal were motivated by the three Gs:

1. Gold 2. Glory 3. God P S Old Imperialism: Spanish & Portuguese Empires, 1700

Spanish Portuguese New Conquests B B F

G I The leaders of the new imperialism were Britain, France, Italy, Germany, and Belgium. The setting for the

new imperialism was Africa and Asia, from approximately 1870 to 1960. Several important factors led to the new imperialism. 1. Militarism Military power was commonly used to achieve

a nations goals. Resupply ports were needed along the west and east coasts of Africa. A nation with more colonies had more power, security, trade, money, and colonial men for their army. 2. Industrialization Industrialists needed

more raw materials to supply their factories, and foreign markets where they could sell their finished products. Industrialists also needed places to invest their profits, which would multiply their riches.

3. Nationalism National pride led many nations to strive for a world empire. Most Europeans felt their nationality was superior to that of the Africans and Asians. The English boasted, The sun never sets on

the British Empire. Kaiser Wilhelm wanted Germany to have its place in the sun. The Sun never sets on the British Empire French Colonial Empire First Colonial Empire Light Blue: 1600-1800

Second Colonial Empire Dark Blue: 1800-1950 4. Religion Christian missionaries wanted to help Africans and Asians, and worked to carry the White Mans Burden, which included: 1. Christianizing the natives in order to civilize them. 2. Bringing natives the

technological benefits of western civilization. 3. Teaching Africans to read and write. White Mans Burden Take up the White Mans Burden, Send forth the best ye breed, Go bind your sons to exile,

To serve your captive's need; To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild, Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Rudyard Kipling 5. Social Darwinism Charles Darwin

Darwins theories of natural selection and survival of the fittest were used by many to support imperialism. Many Europeans believed that it was natural and right for strong nations to conquer weaker ones. Defeating a weaker race, according to Social Darwinism, could only strengthen the

human race. What is imperialism? Imperialism when one country controls the political, economic, or cultural life of another country. What were the five main causes of imperialism? Militarism Industrialization

Nationalism Religion Social Darwinism

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