Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008

Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008

Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008 The Fundamentals of the OH&S Act and Managing Occupational Health and Safety Vic Pakalnis, P.Eng., M.Eng., MBA Director Special Projects Ontario Ministry of Labour [email protected] Managing Occupational Health & Safety Introductions Expectations Health and Safety in Canada Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 2 Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage Occupational Health And Safety 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 3

Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage Occupational Health And Safety 1. Because its the law! 2. What you dont know can hurt you and it can kill you! 3. Because it makes good business sense 4. Because you want to know your rights and responsibilities 5. Because its part of your job and you want to keep it 6. To avoid lawsuits 7. Because its connected to everything human resources recruitment/retention/internal responsibility/productivity/employee engagement 8. To protect your companys reputation 9.

To avoid industrial relations disputes/grievances 10. Moral obligations Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 4 Occupational Health & Safety in Canada Overview 14 jurisdictions Federal Inter-provincial trucking Railways Airports and airlines Banks Radio and television Telecommunications Federal public service (10% of all workplaces) - 10 provinces - 3 territories - 1 federal Provincial/Territorial Construction

Industrial Mining All sectors not in federal (90% of all workplaces) Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 5 Canada Ontario 1100 work-related fatalities 1million workplace injuries $6.7 billion in direct costs $40 billion estimated total costs (direct & indirect) Source: 230 work-related fatalities 355,000 workplace injuries $2.9 billion in direct costs $17 billion estimated total costs (direct & indirect) 2007 Human Resources and Social Development Canada report (Historical Summary of Occupational Accidents & Their Costs in Canada 1996-2005) Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 6 Environmental Scan VOLATILE LABOUR SCENE

HIGH MEDIA ATTENTION HEALTH & SAFETY USED AS BARGAINING TOOL IN INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS DISPUTES STRONG LABOUR UNIONS: CAW, USWA, OPSEU, CUPE MANY SMALL, UNSOPHISTICATED EMPLOYERS (70% UNORGANIZED) INADEQUATE TRAINING IN MANY INDUSTRIES ACCIDENT RATES DECREASING FATALITY RATES DECREASING DISABLING INJURIES 96% ARE SAFETY RELATED 4% ARE HEALTH RELATED

HEALTH ISSUES - HIGH PROFILE, LONG TERM, MORE DIFFICULT TO RESOLVE EFFECT OF FREE TRADE AND ECONOMIC REALIGNMENT Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 7 Forestry Health Care Aerospace Police/Fire/Security Steel Public Institutions Automotive Education Utilities Service/Retail Manufacturing Petro-chemical Construction Mining _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________

_______________ Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 8 Ontario Lost Time Injuries By Sector 2005* 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 * Source: Worker Safety & Insurance Board as of October 31, 2006 Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 9 Fatalities per 100,000 workers per year & Employment 1976 to 2005 7,000 2.6 2.2 5,500 1.2 4,500 0.71 0.8

1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 5,000 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7

1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9 6,000 Workers (thousands) 2.5 6,500 2.0 4,000 0.5 3,500 3,000 Fatalities per 100,000 workers per year Workers (thousands) 2005 2004 2003 2002

2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983

1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 0.0 1976 Fatalities per 100,000 workes per year 2.5 2.4 2.6 3.0 Linear (Fatalities per 100,000 workers per year) Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 10 3.0 4.6 2.5

4.4 4.2 2.0 4.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 LTI rate Targets Achieved 2006 target 3.8 3.6 Insured workers 3.4 0.0 Insured workers (millions) LTI's /100 workers / year ONTARIO LOST TIME INJURIES 3.2 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year Results: 14,649 fewer LTI over the past two years than there otherwise would have been.Ontario businesses avoiding over $960 million in costs associated with workplace injuries

Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 11 Internal Responsibility System THE INTERNAL RESPONSIBILITY SYSTEM OUTLINED IN THE OHS ACT ESTABLISHES CLEAR ROLES AND ACCOUNTABILITY FOR WORKPLACE PARTIES WITH DIRECT AND CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY. Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 12 Internal Responsibility System (contd) CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY INTERNAL JOINT HEALTH & SAFETY COMMITTEES SAFETY DEPARTMENTS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTS PURCHASING DEPARTMENTS DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY PRESIDENT

MANAGER CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY EXTERNAL UNIONS SAFETY ASSOCIATIONS SUPERVISOR SUPPLIERS WORKER WSIB Ministry of Labour Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 13 The Partners Ministry of Labour Farm Safety Association Workplace Safety and Insurance Board Municipal Health and Safety Assoc. Institute for Work & Health Ontario Service Safety Alliance

Industrial Accident Prevention Association Construction safety Association of Ontario Electrical & Utilities Safety Association Transportation Safety Association of Ontario Workers Health & Safety Centre Health Care Health & Safety Association Mines and Aggregates Safety & Health Assoc. Ontario Forestry Safe Workplace Association Education Safety Association of Ontario Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers Pulp and Paper Health & Safety Association Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 14 Resources On-line www.safetymanagementeducation.com - Minerva Canadas website case studies /contacts www.preventiondynamics.ca links to prevention network www. prevent-it.ca short clips of fatalities Notes and links for courses in Occupational Health and Safety in mining practice / MIR course in OHS http://www.queensu.ca/sps/people/faculty/pakalnisv/index.php Rhetoric and the art of persuasion what once was but has been forgotten !

(according to Isocrates and JC Spender) Logos whats logical whats the business case Ethos whats the right decision for the longer term in the broader context Pathos whats the compassionate decision the people dimension empathy Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 16 Business Results Through Health and Safety MIR- 811 Adapted from WSIB/CMA : Business Results Through Health and Safety Health and Safety Costs in Ontario cost of LTI in 1999 was $11,711 In 2007 direct costs for an LTI were $21,300 In 2007, there were 300,000 persons injured , 100 died Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 18 Business Results Through Health & Safety If profit margin is 10%, requires $590,000 in sales to produce $59,000 of profit. Lower costs Improved employee relations & employee trust Improved reliability & productivity Improved protection from business interruption

Increased public image Increased organizational capability *see CME CD Business Results Through Health and Safety Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 19 Sampling - OH&S Convictions in 2000 Organization Injury Accident Meat Packer, Burlington Head, shoulder, back Box of frozen meat fell from overhead conveyor striking employee. Guarding $80,000 Meat Packer, Burlington Fractured ankle Struck by rotating arm of stretch wrapper Guarding Failing to provide Instruction and supervision.

$125,000 Chemical Co. Aurora Burns Spray can exploded when overheated fire exit blocked by a backhoe and dirt. Failing to keep exit clear $43,000 Construction Co. Chelmsford Concussion Plank fell from overhead platform Failing to take every precaution $95,000 Printing Co. Ottawa Cut to arm 4 days LTA Trimmer machine operated with guard open. Safety device modified to permit

operation with guard open. Guarding $60,000 Yarn Mfger, Stratford 1. 2. 1. Guarding $100,000 1 supervisor fined $3,000, another $1,500 Crushed fingers Serious Cuts to palm of hand 2. Drawn into squeeze rollers Caught in moving yarn holder Charge Penalties Tobacco Co. Guelph Fatality

Employee pinned between moving conveyor and guardrail No emergency stop within easy reach $200,000 Bakery, Oakville Fatality Employee drawn into ribbon mixer. Guarding $62,500 1 co-owner jailed 20 days, 1 co-owner fined $7,500. Excavating Contractor, Oakville Fatality Dump truck backed over employee. Waste Services Co., Mississauga Fatality Falling gate struck employee.

Failing to block or secure gate to permit safe passage underneath $200,000 Auto Co. St. Catherines Fatality Pinned by machinery while inside macines working area. 6 limit switches bent out of position on perimeter gates. failing to maintain equipment in good working order. $325,000 Recycling Co. Hamilton 2 fatalities 3 separate incidents $130,000 $600,000 1 injury Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007

20 Healthy Workplaces Psychological Work Environment Physical Work Environment Healthy Habits Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 21 Vic Pakalnis - Ont. Ministry of Labour - 2007 22

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