Announcements No Class on MONDAY 2/19 Today Stages
Announcements No Class on MONDAY 2/19 Today Stages of acquisition Order Characteristics Readings: 9.4 - 9.6
Innateness Language acquisition is a biologicallycontrolled behavior Has a critical period Has a regular sequence of milestones during development Stages of acquisition
All (normal) children go through same stages of acquisition in same order Age at which they reach each stage and the rate of progression through the stages can vary greatly Stages of acquisition Crying (0-1 month) Cooing (2-3 months)
vowel-like, coo/goo, gurgling Vocal play (3-6 months) cries, burps, grunts raspberries, squeals, yells Social Precursors for language
CV monosyllables: (e.g., ma, pa, da, di) Canonical babbling: repeated CVCV (e.g., mamama, papapa, dididi) Variegated babbling: different CV syllables (e.g., badigu, potaki, tamami) Jargon babbling: meaningless word-like units w/ intonation Functions of babbling Provides motor practice
Stimulates adult-infant interactions Decoding of language into phonological units Sign-learning childrens babbling has a unique signature http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T24-4BBMVF91&_user=582538&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2004&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000029718&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=582538&md5=c6ed1ed69e7910a03614cef3010a63c8 Is babbling linguistic or biological?
All babies babble same sounds up to 6-10 mos., then focus on native sounds Hearing children of deaf parents babble Deaf babies orally babble until ~6 mos., then only babble with hands babbling smiling non-babbling http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/297/5586/1515/DC1
Babies open their mouths wider on right than on left when babbling wider on left than on right when smiling equally on both sides when making other sounds One-word stage 1 - 1 1/2 years:
Lexicon < 50 words (avg. ~ 15) At first, words for people, objects and things (mommy, doggie, bottle) Later, verbs and other useful words (go, mine, no), and holophrases (one-word phrases, e.g., gimme, whassat, allgone) Simplified phonology (but rule-governed) Two-word stage 1 1/2 - 2 years:
Lexicon > 50 words 2-word combinations indicate semantic rather than syntactic relations, e.g., Noun + verb (baby sleep) Verb + object (kick ball) Noun + preposition (baby up) Possessor + possession (Mommy book) No inflections
Telegraphic stage 2+ years: Can combine more than 2 words Speech contains primarily content words w/ no function morphemes Syntactically organized Word inflections
2+ years: Progressive -ing (eating) Plural s (blankets) Possessive s (babys
bottle) 3rd person singular s (Daddy walks) Past tense (Mommy walked) Negatives
Beijing Consensus From China Daily - Official View China's Alternative Development Model Caution ZHANG, Weiwei (2 November 2006). "The allure of the Chinese model" (PDF). International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 28 January 2014. It is inaccurate to describe the Chinese model...
After visiting India in 1959, he returned to New Zealand, deeply concerned with the poor and social inequality - a idea he showed through his poems. His strong judgements of society were often harsh and were not always well received....
TULANE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION DISCLOSURE POLICY. This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the ACCME® and IACET Accreditation Requirements to ensure balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor.
Name two reasons why natural habitats are being destroyed. Question 3. Explain two contrasting religious beliefs about: The use of natural resources. ... An opposition to all forms of violence. An act of terrorism. Responding to an attack with violence...
TRICARE - is the Department of Defense (DoD) healthcare program available to eligible members and their families of the seven uniform services: the US Army, US Navy, US Air Force, US Marine Corps, US Coast Guard, commissioned Corps of the...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!