Voltaires Candide Introduction Enlightenment 18th century Emergence of
Voltaires Candide Introduction Enlightenment 18th century Emergence of scientific explanations for things, caused an overriding of superstition and religious beliefs A time of skeptism and questioning of the
world Ideas on government and how to organize society began to develop Philosophical Questions of the Time Why do bad things happen in the world? What/where is the origin of evil? If there is a god, does he control evil and
good in the world? Do men have free will or are they controlled by fate or an all-knowing god? Voltaire 1694-1778 Voltaire was considered: practical, energetic, witty, charming, contemplative, highly intellectual, outspoken with a sense of humor He didnt just write, but acted on his ideals
Sent to prison for gentlemen the Bastille - for 1 year because of inflammatory writing about Louis XIVs regime Known as one of the great liberal minds of the Enlightenment Became famous for the phrase ecrasez linfame, which translated means to wipe out corruption in high places Spent most of his life in exile
Topics of his writing Voltaire wrote about: the evils of the church, philosophy, and politics He revealed the hypocrisy and corruption of these institutions. Candide Voltaire wrote Candide at age 65 in three days
Makes fun of the absurdities of the human race Considered imaginative, subtle, witty, charming, touching at times, and extremely funny Good example of his power to knock mankind on his head and reassure him at the same time Philosophical Tale Very specialized genre quite popular in the 18th
century ex. Gullivers Travels Should not be read realistically, the purpose is not to present a verisimilitude of life (as in a novel) Work of satire and parody Intended to use humor to criticize a philosophical position Philosophical Tales test a certain
philosophical position Ex. Gullivers Travels tests the proposition that humans are rational animals Ex. Candide tests the proposition that this is the best of all possible worlds also known as the philosophy of Optimism Optimism Formalized in the 18th century by Gottfreid
Wilhelm von Leibnitz Popularized by Alexander Pope Voltaire satirized current events in Candide 1746 earthquake in Lima, Peru 1755 earthquake in Lisbon, Spain where 50,000 people were killed Seven Years War
Execution of Admiral Byng in 1747 War between France and England for Canadian territory Voltaires Legacy Reputation for standing up for integrity Legendary for supporting people no matter their birth or station in life Wrote about Enlightenment ideas in a way for the
common man to understand Stood up and debunked the foolish fads and fancies of humanity Unmasked people and institutions that held the power to tell people what to think or not to think
Dr David Foster Director UCD Career Development Centre ... (Dr Paul Redmond, Director of Careers, University of Liverpool) Characteristics of Generation Y: Connected 24/7 Self-confident Optimistic Independent Bored by routine Entrepreneurial Goal orientated Digital natives Generation Y wants ...
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), author and satirist, famous for Gulliver's Travels (1726) and A Modest Proposal (1729). This proposal, where he suggests that the Irish eat their own children, is one of his most drastic pieces. He devoted much of his...
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