MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES The theory of multiple intelligences was
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. Thomas Armstrong - www.ThomasArmstrong.com Dr. Gardner The Multiple Intelligences are:
Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence - word smart Logical-mathematical Intelligence - number/reasoning smart Visual/Spatial Intelligence - picture smart Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence - body smart Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence - music smart Interpersonal Intelligence - people smart Intrapersonal Intelligence - self smart Naturalist Intelligence - nature smart Multiple Intelligences examples: Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence Mark Twain, Robert Frost, poets, writers, newscasters Logical-mathematical Intelligence Einstein, accounting, banking, medicine, scientific research
Visual/Spatial Intelligence Martin Luther King (dreamer). artists, architecture, advertising Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence Adrian Peterson , dancers, dramatic acting, mime, physical education Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence Taylor Swift, music composers, music teachers, musical theatre Interpersonal Intelligence Billy Graham, counseling, politics, sociologists, therapists Intrapersonal Intelligence Psychiatry, spiritual counseling, philosopher Naturalist Intelligence Farmers, gardeners, florists, geologist, archaeologists Multiple Intelligences Dr. Gardner says that our schools and culture focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We esteem the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. However, Dr. Gardner says that we should also place equal attention
on individuals who show gifts in the other intelligences. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts dont receive much reinforcement for them in school. Many of these kids, in fact, end up being labeled learning disabled, ADD (attention deficit disorder), or simply underachievers, when their unique ways of thinking and learning arent addressed by a heavily linguistic or logical mathematical classroom. Thomas Armstrong - www.ThomasArmstrong.com Gifted and Talented Students handout Multiple Intelligences Theory
The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more. How to Teach or Learn in 8 Different Ways One of the most remarkable features of the theory of multiple intelligences is how it provides eight different potential pathways to learning. If a teacher is having difficulty reaching a student in the more traditional linguistic or logical ways of instruction, the theory of
multiple intelligences suggests several other ways in which the material might be presented to facilitate effective learning. Thomas Armstrong - www.ThomasArmstrong.com 8 Different Ways Whatever you are teaching or learning, see how you might connect it with: Words verbal/linguistic Numbers, or logic logical/mathematical
Pictures visual/spatial Music musical/rhythmic Self-reflection intrapersonal A physical experience bodily-kinesthetic A social experience interpersonal An experience in the natural world naturalist
Teaching Example For example, if youre teaching or learning about the law of supply and demand, you might : Read about it (linguistic) Study mathematical formulas that express it (logical/mathematical) Examine a graphic chart that illustrates the principle (spatial) Observe the law in the natural world (naturalist) Observe the law in the human world of commerce (interpersonal) Examine the law in terms of your own body, e.g. when you supply your body with lots of food,the hunger demands goes down; when theres very little supply, your stomachs demand for food goes
way up and you get hungry (bodily-kinesthetic/intrapersonal) Write a song that demonstrates the law (musical) Multiple Intelligences Concept to Classroom http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/index.html MI WHEEL ACTIVITY Multiple Intelligences and Technology http://www.casacanada.com/multech.html Multiple Intelligences
Report Card 1, Write the name of a book you have read lately. 2. Rate your math ability from 1-10 with 10 being highest. 3. Write down the name of the kind of music you like. 4. Write down how you revitalize yourself. 5. Write down what you can do that is a physical activity. 6. Draw a picture that shows how you are feeling today. Self-Analysis Worksheets Elementary Survey
Middle School Survey Multiple Intelligence Assessment Complete and bring results to next class Multiple Intelligences Rap by Shawna Munson The eight intelligences are really cool. We all have them so no one is a fool Naturalists are collectors of animals and plants. They like to press flowers and count little ants.
Linguistic deals with writing and with words. We have language - we're not like animals or birds. All of these so far are really neat, But I like musical 'cause it has a beat. Logical-mathematical doesn't need to be a shock. Sometimes, I feel lonely, without any friends, If you study real hard, you'll be smarter than Spock! But interpersonal skills put that to an end. Spatial involves seeing, drawing, and art, Creating different things and taking them apart.
Intrapersonal skills are when you want to reflect. For yourself, you should always have respect. In case you didn't know, kinesthetic is P.E. Get fit and coordinated athletically! Now, I've come to the end of my rap. Learn in many ways and you'll never be a sap. MI in the Classroom Classroom activities frequently activate and utilize
more than one of the multiple intelligences. * Group discussion - Verbal-Linguistic; Interpersonal * Journal writing - Intrapersonal; Verbal/Linguistic * Choreography - Musical-Rhythmic; Verbal-Linguistic; Interpersonal * Constructing timelines - Logical-Mathematical; Visual-Spatial Putting on a play - Musical-Rhythmic; Verbal/Linguistic; Interpersonal; Visual-Spatial * Making a video - Logical-Mathematical, Musical-Rhythmic; Verbal/Linguistic; Interpersonal; Visual-Spatial
* Writing a report or essay - Verbal-Linguistic * Making graphs - Logical-Mathematical; Visual-Spatial * Designing posters - Verbal-Linguistic, Visual-Spatial * Communicating with peers or experts online - Verbal-Linguistic; Interpersonal * Hands-on experimentation - Kinesthetic; Logical/Mathematical * Composing a song - Musical/Rhythmic; Verbal-Linguistic *
Building a model or 3-D displays - Kinesthetic; Logical-Mathematical http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/exploration_sub1.html Childrens Literature book Multiple Intelligences Activities SAMPLE MI LESSONS Primary School Web Sample - handout Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina Video Caps For Sale
Verbal/Linguistic 1.Read the story to the whole class 2.Ask students to respond to the story and write about it. 3.Write a magical cap story. 4.Write important parts of the story in a sequence and illustrate. Musical/Rhythmic 1.Write a catchy jingle or rap to sell caps 2.Sing a song about the story. 3.March in a cap parade singing the song Caps for Sale
Logical/Mathematical 1.Have a collection of caps and brainstorm many ways to sort them. 2.Graph distances from students homes. 3.Make up word problems involving cap-purchasing stories at fifty cents per cap. Visual/Spatial 1.Have students close their eyes and think of the story, Caps for Sale,. Ask them to capture their favorite part by drawing and writing about it. 2. Ask students to design a new style cap and logo.
Caps for Sale Bodily/Kinesthetic 1.Bake money-shaped cookies. 2.Role play the story. 3.Have a cap parade. 4.Have a cap relay Intrapersonal 1.Have the students write down all they know about monkeys. Interpersonal
1.In literacy study groups discuss the plot, setting, character, problem, and solution for the Caps for Sale story. Shapes - Circles Make a group circle by joining hands. Interpersonal, Bodily-Kinesthetic Look for circles around the classroom. Spatial Make circles in art projects. Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic Sing The Circle Game and other circle songs.
Musical Make up stories about circles. Linguistic Compare sizes of circles (from small to large). Spatial, Logical-Mathematical Multiplication - 7s table Count to 70, standing up and clapping on every seventh number. Bodily-Kinesthetic Sing the Multiplication Rock song for the 7s. Musical Chant the numbers 1 to 70, placing special emphasis on every
seventh number. Musical Complete a hundreds chart, coloring in every seventh number. Spatial Multiple Intelligences Spelling Create categories for your spelling words. logical-mathematical Write your words using different colors for the letters of parts of the word. visual/spatial
Make up a story using all spelling words. Tell the story to another person. verbal/linguistic Sing-spell your words to the melody of your favorite song. musical Create your own goals on how you will study and learn your spelling words. intrapersonal Multiple Intelligences Poster Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence Logical-mathematical Intelligence Visual/Spatial Intelligence
Multiple Intelligences Instructional Techniques and Ideas http://www.educ.state.ak.us/tls/frameworks/sstudies/part3a2.htm 8 Kinds of Smart handout Multiple Intelligences Video "Rainbows of Intelligences"
Multiple Intelligences Assessment How can you use the theory of multiple intelligences to assess student achievement in your classroom? The MI approach to testing is closely related to authentic assessment. This approach enables students to demonstrate the depth of their understanding, connect their classwork to real-life experiences, and apply their knowledge to new situations. Using Multiple Intelligences in Assessment http://www.teachervision.fen.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4933.html?detoured=1 There is no "right" way to use multiple intelligences in testing and assessment.
You don't have to overhaul your whole curriculum. But you can make an effort to address each student's strengths and weaknesses by using creative alternatives to traditional testing in your classroom.
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