APA 101 The basics for how (& WHY) we write the way we do Jessica Eckstein Western Connecticut State University APA 101 Which? What? How? ...with a little of my version of Why sprinkled throughout... Which? Writing Voice: 1st Person
WRONG: a. b. c. d. In this paper, the author/s will discuss... The researcher began by distributing... This paper will discuss... I/we feel that... BETTER: a. b. c. d. In this paper, I/we will discuss...
I/we began by distributing... I will begin by discussing... Dear God, really?!? This isnt your memoir or OpEd! Emphasis: Ideas > Words What? To Include... 1. Cover Page 2. Abstract 3. Body a. b. c. d. e. f.
Introduction/Rationale Literature review Methods Results *Start a fresh page for all RED Discussion sections here, but just keep going on Conclusion same page for BLACK ones 4. Tables? 5. References 6. Appendix? How? Formatting: Paper
Overall Paging Font (style & size) Margins Spacing How? Formatting: Paper Cover/Title page: Running head Full title Names Institution OR (class & date) How? Headings
Formatting: Paper Types/labels required Subsection minimum Format by Level Level1: Centered, Bold, Up&LowCase Level2: TotallyLeft, Bold, Up&LowCase Paragraph starts indented as normal on line below the heading. Level3: Indent w/para, bold, lowcase, period. Paragraph starting immediately after the period, on the same line. Level4: Indent w/para, bold, italic, lower, period. Write paragraph starting immediately after the period, on the same line as header. Level5: Indent w/para, italic, lowcase, period. Paragraph starts immediately after period, on same line as header. IPV Stigma and its Social Management: The Roles of
Relationship-Type, Abuse-Type, and Victims Sex [Intro paragraph] Identity Formation and Social Management Stigma Potential Stigma Effects: Identity Outcomes Individual factors. Relational factors. Stigma Management Methods Participants and Sampling Procedures and Measures Intimate partner violence. IPV stigma. Results Preliminary Analyses Substantive Analyses Abuse (H2) and IPV stigma (H1, H3). IPV stigma management (RQ1, RQ2).
Discussion Stigma: Implications for Counselors of Identity and IPV Physical IPV. Psychological IPV. Stigma Management: Practical Applications for Victims Limitations and Future Directions Conclusion References Is Love Blind to Abuse?: Factors Affecting Victims [Intro paragraph] Interpersonal Love Typological & Thematic Frameworks Communication of love. Chapmans 5 love languages. Giving. Quality time. Gifts.
Acts of service. Receiving. Love & Family Violence Methods Participants and Procedures Measures Results Discussion What We Know: Nonviolent Love Similarities What We Are Learning: Violent Nuance in Love Communication Individual applications. Theory and research implications. Conclusion References Masculinity of Men Communicating Abuse Victimization
[Intro paragraph] Victimization Masculine Enactment Methods Participants Procedure Process of Analysis Findings Masculine Internalization of Blame Masculine Externalization of Blame Hegemonic/complicit masculinities. Protest masculinities. Implications Consequences for Individual Men Theoretical Implications Limitations Directions for Future Research Conclusion
References Perceived Characteristics of Men Abused by Female Partners: Blaming, Resulting, BlamingExcuses, or Normal? [Intro paragraph] Communicating Identity Methods Sample Procedures Results Categories Blaming. Passive personality. Shy and internal. Loud and passive. Weak physicality. Blaming-Excuses. Normal.
Outcomes Discussion Limitations & Future Research Directions Conclusion References Emotional Animals: Creating Controversy in the Classroom Rationale Activity Lecture & Film Set-Up Theories. Viewing. Debate Adjustments. Debriefing. Appraisal. References
Writing a Literature Review Purpose of a Literature Review Topical Argument or Rationale Seminal and Currently Relevant Research Theoretical Background or Lens Quality, Stylistic, & Ethical Concerns Quality of Source Materials Stylistic Trends Language and grammar. Organization. Am I Really a Bad Parent?: Adolescent-to-Parent Abuse Identity & Stigma [Intro paragraph] Constructing AtPA Stigma Nature of AtPA Stigma Management of AtPA Stigma
AtPA Victims & the SMC Model Supporting Data The original SMC model. Im a bad parent: Accept-apply. Accepting. Applying. Yes, but mine is different: Acceptreject. Avoiding. Modifying. Until you walk shoes: Challengeapply. Challenging efficacy. Reducing offensiveness. The SMC model going forward. Applications & Such Things Research Considerations Conclusion References
How? Formatting: Sources How? Formatting: Sources Italics Capitalization Spaces, Periods, & Commas Quotation marks Basic parts of every reference-page citation: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Author/s Year Title Source e-location? Articles (Journals, Magazines, etc.) Lastname, i. i. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal, v, x-x. doi:1234.123.12432321 Eckstein, J. J., & Anderson, L. (2004). Looking at things: A story about life. Journal of Communication, 45(7), 45-49. doi:23423.234234.2342343 Barrett, L., Iotam, N., & Ableson, T. T. (2009). How I overcame my illness: A story of struggle and survival. Cosmopolitan Magazine, 4, 292-391. Retrieved from www.cosmomag.com/overcame Peterson, L., Lincoln, I. N., Jr., Nanners, A., Eckstein, J., Kazibut, D.
A., Deming, M., ... Rubin, T. (2012). A life of crime and stuff. Medical Journal of Criminology, 887(8), 1-34. doi:1020/2332.2/10102 Books Lastname, i. i. (year). Title of book. City, ST: Publisher. Eckstein, J. J., & Anderson, L. (2004). Connecting to others: The theory of interpersonal communication in Texas. Danbury, CT: Cool Guy Publishers. Barrett, L., Iotam, N., & Ableson, T. T. (Eds.). (2009). Bringing up baby: Math and science in the new age (3rd ed.). Brisbane, Australia: Down Under Publications. National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2012). The history of our field. Washington, DC: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Chapters in Edited Volumes/Books Authorlast, i. i. (year). Title of book chapter. In i. i. Editorlast
(Ed.), Title of book (pp. 34-55). City, ST: Publisher. Eckstein, J. J., & Anderson, L. (2004). How to get shit done: A story of love. In K. Wiss (Ed.), Connecting to others: The theory of interpersonal communication in Texas (pp. 99-105). Danbury, CT: Cool Guy Publishers. Barrett, L., Iotam, N., & Ableson, T. T. (2009). From coddling to diaper changing. In P. Pippers & N. N. Brule (Eds.), Bringing up baby: Math and science in the new age (3rd ed., pp. 234-299). Brisbane, Australia: Down Under Publications. Tompkins, J. (2012). Keeping up with the NBA. In T. Gunderson, J. Brubacker, & M. Milano (Eds.), The history of our field (pp. 3336). London, UK: Pearson. Online Sources Authorlast, i. i. (date). Title of page/entry. Title of Site or Sponsoring Org. Retrieved from www.address Eckstein, J. J., & Anderson, L. (2004, February 14 th). How to get shit done: A story of love. Sports Illustrated Online. Retrieved from www.si.com/love
National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2002). From coddling to diaper changing. Parental Health FAQs & Resources. Retrieved from www.nih.org/phfaq/diapers Coca-Cola, Inc. (2012). Company Website. Retrieved from www.coca-cola.com Other stuff... Never underlining Never numbers Never bullet points Never pasted images/figures within text References APA. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2nd printing). Washington, DC: APA. Eckstein, J. J. (2017a). American Psychological Association. In M. Allen (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of
communication research methods (pp. 27-28). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Eckstein, J. J. (2017b). Writing a literature review. In M. Allen (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 1887-1888). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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