SS5H2 Reconstruction Effects on American Life 2014 Brain

SS5H2 Reconstruction Effects on American Life  2014 Brain

SS5H2 Reconstruction Effects on American Life 2014 Brain Wrinkles Standards SS5H2 The student will analyze the effects of Reconstruction on American life. a. Describe the purpose of the 13th, 14th, and 15th

Amendments. b. Explain the work of the Freedmens Bureau. c. Explain how slavery was replaced by sharecropping and how African-Americans were prevented from exercising their newly won rights; include a discussion of Jim Crow laws and customs. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Reconstruction Reconstruction means to build

something again. It is the name given to the time period after the Civil War, from 1865 to 1877. The Southern states needed to be rebuilt and brought back into the Union. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Railroad Lines Ruins that had to be Rebuilt

Atlanta 1864 2014 Brain Wrinkles Ruins on Peachtree Street Atlanta 1864

2014 Brain Wrinkles Reconstruction In 1867, Congress passed the first Reconstruction Acts.

They required that Southern states rewrite their constitutions to allow African American men the right to vote. They also prevented former Confederate leaders and military officers from holding public office.

2014 Brain Wrinkles Amendments The greatest social effect of the Civil War was the creation of a new class of peoplefreed slaves.

Congress realized that some changes were needed to the Constitution, or else the Civil War would have been for nothing. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 13 th

Amendment In December 1865, ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution freed all slaves in the United States. It banned slavery in the US and any of its territories.

2014 Brain Wrinkles 13th Amendment (Signed by Abraham Lincoln) 2014 Brain Wrinkles

14 th Amendment In order to be readmitted to the Union,

Southern states had to accept two new amendments. In 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment made all former slaves citizens of the United States.

It granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States, and it guaranteed all citizens equal rights under the law. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 14th Amendment (Original) 2014 Brain Wrinkles

15 th Amendment In 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment declared

that no citizen of the United States could be denied the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous servitude. It granted the right to vote to all male citizens.

African Americans could now vote and run for office. 2014 Brain Wrinkles The First Vote 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Freedmen Voting in New Orleans, 1867 2014 Brain Wrinkles Freedmens Bureau

In March 1865, the federal government set up the Freedmens Bureau, an organization that helped feed, clothe, and provide medical care to former slaves. It also established thousands of schools and helped African Americans with legal

problems. The bureau also helped poor whites, many of whom lost everything in the war. 2014 Brain Wrinkles A Freedmens

Bureau Agent Stands Between Armed Groups of Whites and Freed men 1868 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Sharecropping Many former slaves were forced to return to plantations because they could not find work. Freed slaves knew how to grow crops, and

landowners still needed labor. In the sharecropping arrangement, the owner would lend the worker a place to live, his seeds, and farm equipment. 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Sharecroppers Picking Cotton 2014 Brain Wrinkles Sharecroppers and Cotton Bales 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Mississippi Sharecroppers 2014 Brain Wrinkles Children of African American Sharecroppers in Arkansas

2014 Brain Wrinkles Sharecropping Sharecroppers received almost no pay, just a small share of the crops. Because the worker had no money for rent, he would give the owner a share of the crop, plus extra for the cost of rent and supplies. The workers had little hope of ever owning land because they rarely made a profit.

2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Sharecroppers Cabin Surrounded by Cotton and Corn 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Inside a Sharecroppers Home 2014 Brain Wrinkles The Families of Evicted Sharecroppers in

Arkansas 2014 Brain Wrinkles Right to Vote During Reconstruction, many African Americans were elected to local and state political offices as Republicans.

This soon ended when white southerners rallied around the Democratic Party. By 1870, white southern Democrats had taken over control of their state legislatures.

2014 Brain Wrinkles Joseph H. Rainey from South Carolina was the first African American member of the House of Representatives.

2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Right to Vote

By 1900, disenfranchisement, or blocking the black vote, was almost complete. Some legislatures passed a poll tax, which required voters to pay money before they could vote. Many African-Americans were too poor to pay the tax and could not vote.

Literacy test laws required voters to be able to read a passage before voting. At the time, about half of African-Americans could not read so they could not vote. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Alabama Poll Tax Receipt & Literacy

Rate Test 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Jim Crow Laws Southern states also passed Jim Crow laws, which were designed to keep African

Americans and white people apart. This is called racial segregation. Jim Crow laws made it legal to have separate drinking fountains, telephone booths, restrooms, hospitals, hotels, and schools. 2014 Brain Wrinkles

2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Jim Crow Laws African Americans could not sit with white people on trains, eat in certain restaurants, or attend certain theaters or parks.

These laws violated the newly won rights of African Americans, but it would be almost 100 years before they were abandoned. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • CCS Heart Failure Guidelines: 2014 Update On New

    CCS Heart Failure Guidelines: 2014 Update On New

    PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation RED-HF trial (Reduction of Events by Darbepoetin Alfa in Heart Failure) PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation KCCQ primary analysis: Change from baseline to month 6 ...
  • Urinary Tract Obstruction - University of Sheffield

    Urinary Tract Obstruction - University of Sheffield

    42 hours- Dilation of the pelvis and ureter and blunting of the papillary tips. Kidney also heavier. 7days- Increased pelviureteric dilation and weight. Parenchyma is edematous. 21-28 days- External dimensions of kidneys are similar but the cortex and medullary tissue...
  • Aphasia Notes

    Aphasia Notes

    Goal: the client will use synonym/antonym strategies during a conversation when having word finding difficulties with 100% accuracy. Goal: During long pauses, repetition of filers, ineffective gestures, the client will use a synonym during a conversation with 100% accuracy. ......
  • Beni Culturali e Spettacolo - people.unica.it

    Beni Culturali e Spettacolo - people.unica.it

    Beni Culturali e Spettacolo. Università degli Studi di Cagliari. Lingua Inglese 1. Based on: Gerald Nelson, ... laser light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. ... cheque check. jewellery jewelry. kerb curb. manoeuvre maneuver. mould mold.
  • Counseling Slides - Military PPT

    Counseling Slides - Military PPT

    The first counseling a soldier receives is the sponsorship and reception and integration counseling. This is followed up by the initial JODSF/NCOER/OER counseling (30 days). On a quarterly basis, soldiers receive either JODSF, OER or NCOER counseling. NOTE: Counseling for...
  • ACUTE ABDOMEN REVISION Ahmed Al-Naher FY1 Learning Objectives

    ACUTE ABDOMEN REVISION Ahmed Al-Naher FY1 Learning Objectives

    Acute appendicitis, mesenteric adenitis, mekel's diverticulitis, perforated peptic ulcer, gastroenteritis, diverticulitis, intestinal obstruction, strangulated hernia Hepatobiliary Biliary
  • Phy 211: General Physics I

    Phy 211: General Physics I

    Phy 212: General Physics II Chapter 16: Waves I Lecture Notes Types of Waves Types of waves: Mechanical waves Electromagnetic waves Matter waves Classifying Waves: Transverse Waves: oscillate perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation (examples: Light & E-M waves)...
  • Leading from the Heart - Matthews UMC

    Leading from the Heart - Matthews UMC

    - Matthew 18:19-20 (NIV) Christian leadership requires that we engage with others in a connective manner… a manner that is ethical, authentic, accountable, and, particularly, dignifying. Ecclesiastes 4:12 states, though a man might prevail against one who is alone, two...