Joint CEOS/CGMS Working Group Climate WGClimate 9th Session

Joint CEOS/CGMS Working Group Climate WGClimate 9th Session Jrg Schulz, WG Chair Geneva, Switzerland, 28&29 March 2018 CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 1. Introduction, Agenda, and Status of the Working Group Jrg Schulz, EUMETSAT CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Day 1 Morning 1. Introduction and Context Jrg Schulz 09:00 09:10 09:10 09:20

09:20 09:30 09:30 10:00 Welcome Round table introduction Acceptance of Agenda Status of Working Group 2. Gap Analysis Report, Recommendations and Actions Jrg Schulz 10:00 10:15 10:15 10:45 10:45 11:00 11:00 11:30 11:30 12:00 12:00 13:00 Introduction Final review of the Structure of the Document

Review of the Introduction Coffee Break Review of ECV Inventory Description and Gap Analysis Approach Review of general GCOS Compliance CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Day 1 Afternoon 2- Gap Analysis Report, Recommendations and Actions Jrg Schulz 13:00 14:30 Lunch 14:30 17:00 15:30 16:00 17:00 18:00 18:00 18:30 Break out groups for review of ECV specific Gap Analysis Atmosphere (Precipitation, CO2 and CH4)

Ocean (SST and SSS) Terrestrial (LST, LAI, FAPAR) Coffee Break Review of ECV Gap Analysis all addressed ECVs Conclusions CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Dinner Evening Day 1 Dinner on 28 March at 19:00 (for 20 participants). The restaurant is Caf du Soleil http://www.cafedusoleil.ch/site/en/ 6 Place du Petit-Saconnex 1209 Genve Suisse Phone: +41 (0) 22 733 34 17 (Taxi: ca. 7 minutes from WMO)

CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Day 2 Morning 1. Technical Supplement for the Response to the GCOS IP (Simon Pinnock) 09:00 09:30 09:30 10:30 Introduction to the Technical Supplement Review and endorsement of the document 10:30 11:00 Coffee Break 4. New initiatives 11:00 11:30 11:30 12:00 12:00 12:10

12:10 12:30 CNES Space Climate Observatory (Pierre Tabary, CNES) WMO concept for the physical view of the Architecture for Climate Monitoring from Space (Fernando Belda, WMO) SCOPE-CM (Jeff Privette, NOAA) Discussion CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Day 2 Afternoon 5. ECV Inventory next steps Marie Claire Greening 14:00 14:30 Way forward for update of ECV Inventory 14:30 15:00

Discussion 6. Governance, Summary and Actions Jrg Schulz 15:00 16:00 Review of Minutes and Actions, Concluding Remarks CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Status of the Working Group CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Chairmanship November 2017 November 2019 Chair: Jrg Schulz (EUMETSAT) Vice Chair:

John Dwyer (USGS) November 2019 November 2021 Chair: John Dwyer (USGS) Vice Chair: asking for proposals by Agencies CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Achievements since last meeting Finalised Space Agencies Response to GCOS IP 2016; Received endorsement from CEOS Plenary for it, CGMS has asked to formally endorse it this year; Finalised the statement to SBSTA-47 and is was presented by EC at SBSTA-47; Published the ECV Inventory 2.0 and performed an analysis with respect to compliance to GCOS; Agreed to address 8 ECVs until CEOS SIT-33 to finalise cycle#2. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

Series of Events since last meeting CEOS Plenary, October 2017, Rapid City, USA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)-47, 615 November 2017, Bonn, Germany Conference of the Parties (COP)-23, 615 November 2017, Bonn, Germany Joint meeting with WCRP-DAC, 27 March 2018, Geneva, Switzerland And one earlier meeting: WMO SPACE PROGRAMME, Workshop on Operational Space-based Weather and Climate Extremes Monitoring, Geneva, Switzerland, 15-17 February 2017 CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CEOS Plenary 2017 Perspectives for the next two years Major Objectives: Complete Cycle#2 activities by SIT-33 (finalisation of Gap Analysis); Change reference for Inventory and Gap Analysis to the 2016 GCOS-IP (and update the inventory

as appropriate); Promote case studies and workshops supporting the Architecture and its Inventory; Changes: The Inventory-gap analysis-action plan process shall move to a more incremental update with annual reporting and endorsement (potentially synchronised with UNFCCC/SBSTA reporting); Gap analysis addressing Inventory updates and high priority areas, e.g., carbon cycle; Deliverables: First gap analysis report and action plan for endorsement at SIT-33 and CGMS Plenary; Update of Inventory baseline to GCOS IP 2016 by 31 Dec 2018; Second gap analysis and action plan for endorsement by 2019 CEOS and CGMS Plenaries; Continued reporting to UNFCCC SBSTA. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9 Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland th

Action from CEOS Plenary CEOS-31-01 WGClimate to explore development of a brief, consolidated statement of space agency contributions in support of each Article of the Paris Agreement. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 32nd CEOS Plenary CO2 and GHG Monitoring As CEOS Chair for 2018, EC will prioritize laying the foundation for an international CO 2 and GHG monitoring system, progressed through three initiatives: 1. Facilitate the completion and follow-on activities of the AC-VC white paper on defining an optimum constellation for CO2 and GHG monitoring, including the joint competences of

CEOS and CGMS, and in the general framework of the continued implementation of the CEOS Carbon Strategy. 2. Place the space segment in the broader context of a fully sustained system for CO 2 monitoring. 3. Advance the relationship with CGMS for an operationally implemented and sustained observation capability. Consider establishing a formal working relationship between CEOS and CGMS as with the successful ongoing relationship on Systematic Observations of ECVs in support of UNFCCC. A workshop to discuss this is planned for June 2018 in Italy. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CO2 and GHG Monitoring CEOS and CGMS to review the modus operandi for cooperation as a priority in this area, and provided some possible paths: continue ad-hoc collaboration in the context of the CEOS Carbon Strategy Actions, e.g., as in joint efforts on the AC-VC white paper; establish a sub-group (with dedicated resources) in an existing standing WG, i.e., Joint WG on Climate;

establish a dedicated joint WG specifically on Carbon/GHG observations. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland COP-23 November 6th to 17th, 2017 (duration: 12 days) Bonn, UN Campus WG Climate Chair and Ex-Chair participated in several COP-23 side events; WGClimate chair introduced to the GHG monitoring event, discussion was highlighting CEOS contribution; Climate change monitoring and climate services organised by EC, EUMETSAT and ECMWF where the ECV Inventory was featured as an international coordination tool. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

SBSTA - 47 Provided input to SBSTA Chair report on Architecture, GCOS-IP response, ECV Inventory and gap analysis; Participated in an informal strategy meeting between the SBSTA Chair and the Earth observation community on Friday 10th November; SBSTA-47 noted with appreciation the statements delivered at its first meeting by representatives of the European Union on behalf of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) and the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS), the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS); In particular: 4. (e) The comprehensive space agency response to the GCOS IP, and its executive summary, by the Joint CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate. 9. The SBSTA recognized the progress made by the satellite community (see para. 4(e) above), in close collaboration with GCOS, in the development of the essential climate variable inventory (with explicit link). It noted the usefulness of the essential climate variable inventory for climate services. It invited CEOS and CGMS to report on progress at future sessions of the SBSTA, as appropriate. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

Operational Space-based Weather and Climate Extremes Monitoring Workshop to stimulate the utilization of space-based observation data and products for monitoring selected weather and climate extremes (heavy rainfall and drought in particular) on a routine basis (in operations), in response to current and future user requirements; Opened dialogue amongst satellite operators, WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs) hosted by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), and the science community; In this context EUMETSAT CM SAF presented a definition of an ICDR (Interim Climate Data Record) and stated that an international agreement of definition of ICDRs is needed; Definition (as used in GCOS-IP response): An Interim Climate Data Record (ICDR) is a Fundamental or Thematic Climate Data Record regularly updated with an algorithm / system having maximum consistency to the FCDR or TCDR generation algorithm / system. The update cycle depends on the user needs for climate extremes and might range from pentad to monthly. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Operational Space-based Weather and Climate Extremes Monitoring

RECOMMENDATION 9: The CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate to adopt the above proposed definition of an ICDR as part of the Climate Architecture. RECOMMENDATION 10: The CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate to confirm as best practice that the producer of the climatology (FCDR and TCDR) is best positioned to be responsible for an ICDR, in order to enable and maximize consistency. RECOMMENDATION 11: Data providers to provide at least two kinds of datasets for different applications, one being consistent with the longest available CDR, and the other one taking into account the latest developments/capabilities of instruments. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CEOS 2018-2020 Workplan Climate Monitoring, Research, and Services Objectives/Deliverables: 2018-2020 Projected Background Information Completion Date

Information dissemination and communication CMRS-13: Development and Promotion of Case Q3 2019 Previous work, supervised by the EC JRC and WMO, has already produced Studies WMO 1192 Case Studies for Establishing an Architecture for Climate Monitoring from Space. WGClimate #6 decided that an updated version containing additional case studies is targeted for the WMO congress in 2019. The output of previous and potential future work is to be supported by the dedicated Joint CEOS/CGMS WGClimate website. Delivery of a second iteration of the Essential Climate Variable Inventory CMRS-15: Gap analysis Q2 2018 Several teams will perform the cycle 2 gap analysis in parallel, with the work organized by thematic area. To ensure consistency of approach across the full inventory, the gap analysis work of the individual teams will be overseen/coordinated by the WGClimate Chair team. Objective/Deliverable

CMRS-16: Action plan Q2 2018 Responsible CEOS Entity WGClimate WGClimate The action plan will identify agreed actions that CEOS and CGMS Members and WGClimate Associates intend to take to address priority gaps. The action plan will be endorsed and released to the CEOS community at the 33rd CEOS SIT Meeting. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CEOS 2018 2020 Workplan Annual delivery of the Essential Climate Variable inventory

CMRS-17: Collection, incorporation, and quality Q4 every year control of new & updated information from from 2019 data providers onwards Based on a stable questionnaire, with potential updates of the inventory WGClimate structure, to accommodate for example requirements stemming from C3S and WCRP; and experiences from applicable projects. CMRS-20: Gap analysis Q4 every year from 2019 onwards WG chairs will initiate gap analysis work that always provides incremental

updates to the year before in terms of improvements on the compliance to GCOS requirements and a report in focus areas addressing needs of CEOS and CGMS. The gap analysis is coordinated by the WG Chair team and support by several expert teams that will perform the gap analysis in parallel. CMRS-21: Action plan Q4 every year from 2019 onwards The action plan identifying agreed actions that CEOS and CGMS Members and WGClimate Associates intend to take to address priority gaps will be updated once a year. The actual action plan will be endorsed and released to the CEOS community at a suitable meeting. Q2 2018

Complement the response to the GCOS IP 2016 with the technical supplement WGClimate addressing individual ECVs. Reflecting the partnership, this document will be developed jointly by CEOS and CGMS. Engagement with GCOS CMRS-19: Joint CEOS/CGMS response to the new GCOS IP CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland WGClimate Goals for this meeting Finish the specific ECV analysis to the degree we can and agree a set of recommendations and actions; Agree on how we finish the remaining task on the GCOS-IP response; Establish a view on the Space Climate Observatory proposed by CNES; Discuss proposals for future structures implementing ECV climate

data record production by WMO and SCOPE-CM; Discuss the way forward for the ECV Inventory update and evolution. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 2. Gap Analysis Report, Recommendations and Actions Jrg Schulz, EUMETSAT CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland ECV Inventory and Gap Analysis ECV Inventory 2.0 published; Fully describes current and planned implementation arrangements (ECV-by-ECV) within the Architecture; More than 4 times more data records 913 versus ~210 compared to first version 2015; Content for the first time fully verified;

Gap analysis capacity demonstrated: - All ECV Products without CDRs identified - Compliance of CDRs to GCOS requirements analysed - Capability to analyse missing measurements established (Inventory/MIM/OSCAR harmonisation realised); Financial support of the EC for the Inventory gratefully acknowledged. http://climatemonitoring.info/ecvinventory CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

Addressing shortfalls wrt. GCOS This analysis can be done down to the single data record. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Lessons learnt The EC Funding of the inventory activities made a big difference; Engagement with agency focal points and data set experts (>100) was key to success; Verification process absolute critical to ensure that the inventory is a reliable source of information (for both users and the gap analysis process); Population and verification was a huge effort - need to keep the community involvement in the future and avoid drastic changes; Commitment level for future component of the inventory needs to be reconsidered to get a more complete picture from agencies; Global data record development is more dynamic than we thought. Biennial update of inventory should be replaced by incremental (annual) updates; Volume of data records does not allow full analysis of Inventory every year => need to carefully track changes during inventory update process and perform limited gap analysis in affected areas;

General low use of FCDRs to derive ECV climate data records implies extra Inventory for the base data records. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Completion of gap analysis to baseline ECV Inventory 2.0 We agreed that the residual activities to be performed include a gap analysis on a limited number of ECV products (CO2, CH4, Precip, SSS, SST, LST, LAI, and Biomass) including measurement availability and suitability (with the selection of these ECV products based on the relevance of the variable to current discussions and/or known issues with past and future missions); The finalisation of the Gap Analysis (and its documentation - including the coordinated action plan) is planned to be completed in time for SIT-33 in April 2018; To enable the analysis we integrated information from CEOS MIM and WMO OSCAR into the inventory and mapped the ECV products to the measurement of physical quantities very hard work hampered by erroneous information in the two satellite data bases; Are now able to identify missed opportunities and missing measurements in the future; This and non availability of people has delayed the analysis of the 8 ECVs proposed.

CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Gap Analysis on ECVs The analysis for each ECV shall consist of: 1. Analyse if the ECV inventory misses a known existing or planned climate data record; 2. An ECV specific analysis of the compliance to GCOS requirements based on the gap analysis done in summer 2017; 3. An analysis of the missed opportunities for creating a climate data record from existing past and planned future measurements from space; 4. An analysis of missing measurements in the future that are needed to continue existing data records or to establish new ones with enhanced quality. The result of the analysis shall be documented in Chapter 5 of the gap analysis report. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Tool for missed opportunities and missing measurements Technology

Instrument Mission Launch EOL WMO CEOS relevan relevance ce for for SST SST Cross-nadir infrared sounder

IMG AIRS ADOES Aqua 17/08/1996 04/05/2002 30/06/1997 2018 Primary Primary N Y

TES-nadir IASI Aura Metop-A Metop-B 15/07/2004 19/10/2006 17/09/2012 2018 2018 2018 Primary Primary

ATSR ERS-1 17/05/1991 10/03/2000 ATSR-2 ERS-2 21/04/1995 AATSR Envisat

SLSTR AVHRR/2 Sentinel-3A NOAA-7 NOAA-9 NOAA-11 NOAA-12 NOAA-14 Moderateresolution optical imager No. current CDRs in

ECV Inventory 9 No. future CDRs in ECV Inventory N Y - - Primary N

2 2 06/07/2011 Primary N 2 2 01/03/2002 08/04/2012

Primary N 2 2 16/02/2016 23/06/1981 12/12/1984 24/09/1988 14/05/1991 30/12/1994 2023 07/06/1986 13/02/1998

16/06/2004 10/08/2007 23/05/2007 Primary Very High Y N 3 3 3 2 5 4

4 4 2 4 CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 8 Comments No gaps in the use of AIRS. EUMETSAT plans to release reprocessed SST in 2019 Not in MIM.

No gaps in use of ATSR. Not in MIM. No gaps in use of ATSR-2. Not in MIM. No gaps in use of AATSR. NOAA-7 not in MIM. No gaps in the use of AVHRR/2. Recommendations and Actions Recommendations and actions can be directed towards space agencies, coordination and implementation bodies, such as CGMS and CEOS Working Groups, CEOS-VCs and SCOPE-CM; Actions are combined with the need to report to WGClimate

on outcome; Overall success with respect to climate data records shall become measurable by analysis of annually updated ECV CDR Inventory. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Missing Recommendations Subsections for individual ECVs have been worked out but need review; There are currently no explicit requirements for CO2, CH4, LAI, and SST. However the text has recommendations that need to be made explicit; Because of this I could not formulate actions yet; Thats why we will have breakout groups in the afternoon. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Planning for completion of gap analysis to

baseline ECV Inventory 2.0 Schedule has slipped by one month, due to issues with the usage of WMO OSCAR and CEOS MIM for developing to interpret ECV Inventory content versus space data base. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from gap analysis Recommendation #1: WGClimate shall create an additional part of the inventory that shall contain Interim Climate Data Records. Recommendation #2: Space agencies should implement the nomenclature for climate data records as defined in GCOS Satellite Supplement (2011) and should educate their personnel to use it. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from gap analysis Recommendation #3: GCOS to work towards application driven user

requirements for the ECV products. Recommendation #4: WGClimate to include a commitment level into the future part of the ECV Inventory to allow capturing of more contributions using future sensors. Recommendation #7 (mislabeled in document, should be #5): WGClimate to develop a white paper on what is needed for the validation of climate data records including addressing the stability aspect. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from gap analysis Recommendation #7: WGClimate to establish a specific inventory for FCDRs to signal their importance and to promote their usage for the production of ECV climate data records. Recommendation #8: CEOS and CGMS agencies to add the delivery of FCDRs for each mission to their mission requirements. Recommendation #9: CEOS and CGMS agencies to require the application of metadata standards with the production of climate data records.

CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendation from Precipitation Recommendation #6: WGClimate to study in detail the situation on precipitation, and may task SCOPE-CM with exploring a way forward to organise a project that utilises multi-mission data to produce a precipitation climatology. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from Biomass Recommendation #1: Space agencies are encouraged to ensure that all C-band and L-band SAR measurements are made available for the construction of CDRs for Above-ground Biomass. The combination of L-band and C-band measurements will help extend the sensitivity of existing estimates. Recommendation #2: Space agencies are encouraged to establish and populate a database of airborne LIDAR observations on forest

structure to aid the estimation of biomass using satellite observations CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from Biomass Recommendation #3: Space agencies to coordinate C-band and L-band measurement provision and availability to allow existing research estimates of biomass to be continued. Recommendation #4: Space agencies to plan for continuity of research missions of nominally short duration (BIOMASS, GEDI). Recommendation #5: Space Agencies to plan for high-resolution data provision in support of REDD+ type applications leading to the Global Stocktake process. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendations from Salinity Recommendation #1: Space agencies are encouraged to launch a second and third analysis activity to produce best possible SSS CDRs from the available L-Band and potentially C-Band measurements. The result shall contain a judgement on

the usefulness of C-band measurements. Recommendation #2: NASA should give priority to sea surface salinity in the selection of Earth Venture missions and report back to WGClimate on the development. Recommendation #3: Space agencies should consider including L-band instrumentation on future missions, in particular if it is not realised by NASA. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Recommendation for SST Recommendation #1: GHRSST and VC-SST to explore the reason for the non-utilisation of C-band data for climate data records. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 3. Technical Supplement for the Response to the GCOS IP Simon Pinnock, ESA

CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Response of Space Agencies: CGMS and CEOS http://ceos.org/document_management/Meetings/Plenary/31/Presentations/2.1Space%20Agency%20Response%20to%20GCOS%20IP%20v2.0.pdf CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Space Agency Response to the GCOS IP Addresses GCOS Actions with space relevance; In total 11 (32) general, 19 (40) atmospheric, 17 (57) oceanic and 48 (72) terrestrial actions; Structure of response is similar to the plan itself; A technical supplement has been drafted including more detailed responses to the GCOS IP. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

4. New initiatives Pierre Tabarry, CNES Fernando Belda, WMO Jeff Privette, NOAA CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 5. ECV Inventory next steps Marie-Claire Greening, EUMETSAT CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Tasks

Establish Inventory 1.0 for FCDR; Establish Inventory 1.0 for ICDR; Update information in CDR Inventory and release 3.0; Keep split between current and planned for all; Baseline all Inventories to 2016 GCOS IP; Cut-off date for all 31/12/2018; Will contact focal points for Inventory contents after the CEOS-SIT 33; Think and decide about further gap analysis activities; Renew Inventory support at EUMETSAT until mid 2021. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland FCDR

Purpose is to promote usage of FCDR for climate data records; Inventory shall only contain specific elaborated data records; Content needs to be elaborated but assumed to be less demanding than current CDR Inventory; Will search agency by agency and also include known projects; CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland ICDR Observed existence of ICDRs during population of current CDR Inventory; Artificially split on 31/12/2016 into current and future; Need to identify those data records in CDR Inventory 2.0 and resort into new category; Then enter update activity. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

Update of information for CDR Inventory 3.0 Each contributor to v2.0 will be contacted to request updates; Identify and follow up on those who did not respond to the v2.0 call as these could be creating artificial gaps; Keep a track of all updates made from v2.0 to v3.0 to make verification checks easier and less time-consuming; Investigate inconsistencies discovered during the gap analysis and update in v3.0. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland 6. Governance, Summary and Actions Jrg Schulz, EUMETSAT CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Endorsement of ICDR Definition

RECOMMENDATION 9: The CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate to adopt the above proposed definition of an ICDR as part of the Climate Architecture. Definition: An Interim Climate Data Record (ICDR) is a Fundamental or Thematic Climate Data Record regularly updated with an algorithm / system having maximum consistency to the FCDR or TCDR generation algorithm / system10. The update cycle depends on the user needs for climate extremes and might range from pentad to monthly. RECOMMENDATION 10: The CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate to confirm as best practice that the producer of the climatology (FCDR and TCDR) is best positioned to be responsible for an ICDR, in order to enable and maximize consistency; Propose to send letter to WMO Space Programme to indicate endorsement of the definition. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Upcoming Meetings

CEOS SIT-33 : 23-26 April, 2018, Boulder, Colorado, USA SBSTA-48: 30 April to 10 May 2018, Bonn, Germany, CGMS-46: 4-8 June 2018, Bengaluru, India GEO Symposium and Climate Workshop, 11-13 June 2018, Geneva, Switzerland CEOS 2018 SIT Technical Workshop : Darmstadt, Germany | September, 2018 32nd CEOS Plenary : Brussels, Belgium | October, 2018 CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CLIMATE MONITORING [75] GCOS [35'] GCOS status report and next steps CGMS-46-GUEST-WP-

CGMS response to the GCOS IP (J. Schulz) CGMS-46-CGMS-WP- 27/02/201 8 16/03/201 8 CEOS/ CGMS Joint Working Group on Climate Progress and next

steps [30] Status and plans of the CEOS-CGMS joint WG on climate (J. Schulz) Endorsement of the gap analysis report and the coordinated action plan (J. Schulz) CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland CGMS-46-JWGCLIM-WPCGMS-46-JWGCLIM-WPLunch break [60'] GREENHO USE GAS MONITORI 22/11/201 7 25/10/201 7

WGClimate Meetings 2018 2019 2020 2021 CGMS Plenaries CEOS Plenaries #9 #10 #11

#12 #13 #14 Keep 3 WGClimate meetings over 24 months Every 8 months March, November-Feb, and July-September the following year CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Next WGClimate Meetings WGClimate #10 We are looking for a possible venue in Asia WGClimate #11

We are looking for a possible venue in the USA CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland WGClimate Chairmanship 2018 2019 2020 2021 CGMS Plenaries CEOS Plenaries #9

#10 #11 CGMS Chairmanship CEOS Vice chair #12 #13 #14 CEOS Chairmanship CGMS Vice chair Election of the new Vice Chair

Request for proposal will be send after WGClimate #9; Nominations of candidates shall be received by WGClimate #10; Nomination will be presented to CGMS-47 (2019) and CEOS (2019) for endorsement. CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland Timeline CEOS/CGMS WGClimate 9th Session, 28&29 March 2018, WMO, Geneva, Switzerland

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