GENERAL Sources Body system facts, functions, and diseases

GENERAL Sources Body system facts, functions, and diseases

GENERAL Sources Body system facts, functions, and diseases https://www.livescience.com/search?q=body+systems Range of searchable topics for kids and teens http://kidshealth.org Skeletal System Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of this body system? THREE big ideas. Benefits of vitamin and mineral supplements and sunshine http://www.northcentralsurgical.com/blog/10-foods-building-strong-bones-muscles-174.htm l Benefits of weight-bearing physical activity https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/bonehealth/conditioninfo/activity

Skeletal System Health NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE EXAMPLES. Arthritis is the most common joint problem that affects one out of every seven people in the United States pain, stiffness, swelling of the joints. Glencoe Life Science chapter 17 https://kidshealth.org/en/kids/juv-rheum-arthritis.html Scoliosis is a problem for teens curvature of the spine. https://kidshealth.org/ search under scoliosis ACL injury (knee joint) https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/injuries-emergencies/sports-injuries/ Pages/ACL-Injuries.aspx

Skeletal System Lifespan NOTES How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods Before birth (mention changeover from cartilage to bone, fusing of bones over time, proportional sizes of parts e.g. head) Glencoe Life Science Chapter 17 Puberty (mention increase in skeletal mass, growth plates, and how different parts grow at different rates). https://skeletaldevelopment.weebly.com/adolescence.html https://www.medicinenet.com/growth_plate_fractures_and_injuries/article.htm https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html Old age (osteoporosis, osteoarthritis) https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125387566

http://www.healthy-aging-for-women-babyboomers.com/skeletal-system.html http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/ConditionsandDiseases/MuscleBoneandJointDi sorders/Pages/osteoporosis.aspx http://anatomyofdance.weebly.com/changes-throughout-the-lifespan.html Skeletal System Comparison NOTES How does this body system compare with the same system in selected animals? THREE animals (not chickens or frogs) Snake skeletons (mention vestigial limbs) https://www.reference.com/science/human-skeleton-similar-snake-skeleton-6d036a4ef0652 624 Video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgZETpCnYHk https://www.dkfindout.com/us/animals-and-nature/reptiles/inside-snake/

Sharks (mention cartilage, not bone) https://www.sharksinfo.com/skeleton.html http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/no-bones-about-it-sharks-evolved-cartilage-re ason/ http://www.elasmo-research.org/education/topics/p_cartilage.htm Video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_FK1SULffI https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/ Ants (mention exoskeleton made of chitin) http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html Skeletal System Technology NOTES

How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Prosthetic limbs 3D printed limbs at https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/19/3d-printed-prosthetic-limbs-revoluti on-in-medicine True cost of prosthetic limbs https://jordanthomasfoundation.org/true-cost-prosthetic-limbs/ Hip and knee replacements https://www.consumerreports.org/doctors-hospitals/getting-your-knee-or-hip-replaced/ Exoskeletons https://www.behance.net/gallery/12324165/AFA-Powered-Exoskeleton-Suit-for-Firefighter https://www.seeker.com/firefighter-exoskeleton-to-the-rescue-1768590875.html http://bigthink.com/articles/10-human-body-modifications-you-can-expect-in-the-next-deca de (#2) Muscular System

Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of this body system? THREE big ideas muscle size and strength Glencoe Life Science Chapter 17 Bodybuilding at https://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/wotw22.htm benefits of warmups http://www.fitnesshealth101.com/fitness/weight-training/beginners/warm-up muscle development for different sports https://www.freeletics.com/en/knowledge/different-types-muscle-fiber-secret-real-athleticis m/ Muscular System Health

NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE examples Muscle strains and sprains https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-College-Human-Biology/section/14.6/ Muscular dystrophy (mention genetic component) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/muscular-dystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc20375388 Growing pains https://www.webmd.com/children/guide/growing-pains#1 http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/growing-pains.html Muscular System Lifespan NOTES

How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods Infants (sequence of development) https://www.livestrong.com/article/67808-large-muscle-development-infants/ Teens (muscle growth) https://www.livestrong.com/article/301122-muscle-growth-in-teenagers/ Middle age and onward Flexibility http://anatomyofdance.weebly.com/changes-throughout-the-lifespan.html Muscle mass http://anatomyofdance.weebly.com/changes-throughout-the-lifespan.html Muscle tone sarcopenia https://www.gaiam.com/blogs/discover/how-does-muscle-tone-change-with-age Muscular System Comparison NOTES How does this body system compare with the

same system in selected animals? THREE animals (not chickens or frogs) Snakes http://www.kidzone.ws/lw/snakes/facts03.htm http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Reptile-Care-For-Beginners/Snake-Anatomy/ https://www.petcoach.co/article/snake-anatomy-and-physiology/ Sharks http://www.elasmo-research.org/education/white_shark/muscles_jaw.htm http://ultimate-animals.com/muscle-movement-great-white-shark/ https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/ Ants https://askabiologist.asu.edu/explore/ant-anatomy http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html

Muscular System Technology NOTES How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Wearables prevent injury and speed recovery https://www.wearable-technologies.com/2016/09/wearables-for-faster-recovery/ Bodybuilding and weightlifting tools Digestive System Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of

this body system? THREE big ideas mutualistic bacteria Glencoe Life Science chapter 18 Food and Fiber https://www.webmd.com/diet/features/fiber-digestion TEDEducation video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sISguPDlhY (5:09 min) Hydration #3 https://therealfoodrds.com/5-ways-to-improve-your-digestion-naturally/ General tips https://well.org/peak-performance/improve-digestion/ Digestive System Health NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE

examples General https://www.everydayhealth.com/digestive-health/common-digestive-conditions-from-top-b ottom/ https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007447.htm https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/digestive-system.html Gut microbiome https://drjockers.com/10-ways-improve-gut-microbiome/ https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/nov/06/microbiome-gut-health-digestive-sy stem-genes-happiness Digestive System Lifespan NOTES How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods

Development of a babys digestive system https://www.peachymama.com.au/blogs/breastfeeding/the-development-of-your-babys-dig estive-system https://www.thestar.com.my/lifestyle/family/features/2010/05/16/development-of-a-childsdigestive-system/ Teens https://www.teenzeen.org/teens-and-stomach-problems.html http://www.sheknows.com/parenting/articles/992727/what-causes-teen-digestive-problems Effect of aging on the digestive system https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/digestive-disorders/biology-of-the-digestive-system/ effects-of-aging-on-the-digestive-system Digestive System Comparison NOTES How does this body system compare with the same system in selected animals? THREE

animals (not chickens or frogs) Snakes http://www.kidzone.ws/lw/snakes/facts03.htm https://www.petcoach.co/article/snake-anatomy-and-physiology/ Sharks https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/ Ants http://animals.mom.me/ants-organs-11258.html http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html Digestive System Technology

NOTES How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Pacemaker for the digestive system https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/biomedical/devices/a-pacemaker-for-your-digestive-syst em Gut microbiome https://www.wired.com/2016/11/microbiome-therapy-making-fecal-transplants-better/ Nervous System Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of this body system? THREE big ideas

sleep https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/how-sleep-clears-brain Foods TEDEducation video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyQY8a-ng6g (4:52 min) TEDEducation video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lEXBxijQREo (5:02 min) https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Life-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/11.52/ breathing https://www.npr.org/2010/12/06/131734718/just-breathe-body-has-a-built-in-stress-reliever Nervous System Health NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE examples Parkinsons Disease

https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-College-Human-Biology/section/14.6/ Stroke https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7624.php https://www.medicinenet.com/stroke_symptoms_and_treatment/article.htm Paralysis (explain different kinds like paraplegic, quadriplegic, etc) Sensory organs LASIK surgery to correct nearsightedness Headaches and migraines Alzheimers Disease Nervous System Lifespan NOTES How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods General

http://www.northeastern.edu/nutraumaticbraininjury/braintbi-anatomy/brain-changes-overthe-lifespan/ https://www.canyonranch.com/blog/health/how-your-brain-changes-with-age/ Nervous System Comparison NOTES How does this body system compare with the same system in selected animals? THREE animals (not chickens or frogs) Snakes https://www.petcoach.co/article/snake-anatomy-and-physiology/ Sharks https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/

Ants http://animals.mom.me/ants-organs-11258.html http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html Nervous System Technology NOTES How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Eye support Glasses and contact lenses Augmented vision (#4) and smart contact lenses (#5) at http://bigthink.com/articles/10-human-body-modifications-you-can-expect-in-the-next-deca de

Ear support Hearing aids, cochlear implants Robotics to help paralyzed people https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2017/06/10/robotics-are-helpingparalyzed-people-walk-again-but-the-price-tag-is-huge/?utm_term=.240db9062a3e https://www.technologyreview.com/s/603993/this-paralyzed-man-is-using-a-neuroprosthetic -to-move-his-arm-for-the-first-time-in-years/ http://www.iflscience.com/technology/exoskeleton-allows-paralyzed-people-walk/ Circulorespiratory System Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of this body system? THREE big ideas circulation https://www.livestrong.com/article/479616-foods-for-the-circulatory-system/ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320793.php

Respiration http://www.foxnews.com/health/2012/02/21/follow-these-simple-methods-to-improve-resp iratory-health.html https://www.livestrong.com/article/352871-how-to-keep-my-respiratory-system-healthy/ https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Life-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/11.35/ Circulorespiratory System Health NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE examples Organ damage: repair and replacement https://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Option s-for-Heart-Valve-Replacement_UCM_450816_Article.jsp Blood loss: blood banks

http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/donating-blood.html Arterial disease: heart bypass surgery https://www.healthline.com/health/heart-bypass-surgery Video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVKYd7BDZbA Circulorespiratory System Lifespan NOTES How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods Umbilical cord in fetus and newborn http://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=blood-circulation-in-the-fetus-and-ne wborn-90-P02362 https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/circulatory-system/fetal-circula tion/v/baby-circulation-right-after-birth

Circulorespiratory System Comparison NOTES How does this body system compare with the same system in selected animals? THREE animals (not chickens or frogs) Snakes https://www.petcoach.co/article/snake-anatomy-and-physiology/ http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Kid-Corner/Beyond-Beginners/Snake-Anatomy-Respirator y/ Sharks https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/ Ants

http://animals.mom.me/ants-organs-11258.html http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html Circulorespiratory System Technology NOTES How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Replacement organs: 3-D printed heart and lung replacements (#6) http://bigthink.com/articles/10-human-body-modifications-you-can-expect-in-the-next-deca de Blood flow Venowave VW5 at http://www.cbj.ca/newly_launched_medical_device_helps_circulatory_systems/

Leadless pacemaker, protein patch https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/5-new-cardiac-technologies-to-watch Integumentary System Performance NOTES How can we maximize the performance of this body system? THREE big ideas General tips for healthy skin https://www.wikihow.com/Get-Healthy-Skin https://www.webmd.com/beauty/features/tips-for-gorgeous-skin#1 https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/skin-care/art-20048237 Integumentary System

Health NOTES What can go wrong with this body system, and what can we do about it? THREE examples Skin damage (bruises, cuts) Glencoe Life Science Chapter 17 https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/cuts-or-lacerations-treatment https://www.wikihow.com/Treat-Deep-Cuts Skin burns Glencoe Life Science Chapter 17 https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/burns-home-treatment#1 Ingrown nails https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/understanding-ingrown-nail-basics https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/understanding-ingrown-nail-treat ment https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ingrown-toenails/diagnosis-treatment/drc20355908

Integumentary System Lifespan NOTES How does this body system change through the lifespan? THREE time periods General https://nurseslabs.com/how-our-skin-lives-through-a-lifespan/ Natural replacement of skin cells Glencoe Life Science Chapter 17 Puberty-- acne Old age wrinkles, age spots Integumentary System Comparison

NOTES How does this body system compare with the same system in selected animals? THREE animals (not chickens or frogs) Snakes https://www.petcoach.co/article/snake-anatomy-and-physiology/ Sharks https://sharks101.wordpress.com/about/ https://www.sharksider.com/shark-anatomy/ https://seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-infobooks/sharks-and-rays/anatomy-and-physiology https://sharkopedia.discovery.com/shark-topics/shark-physiology/ Ants (mention molting) http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/ants/body-structure http://antark.net/ant-life/ant-anatomy/ http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/insects/ant/Antlifecycle.shtml http://www.antnest.co.uk/index.html Integumentary

System Technology NOTES How is technology used to support or enhance this body system? THREE innovations Skin grafts Alternatives www.advancedtissue.com/3-innovative-alternatives-to-skin-grafts/

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