The Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet Writing of Poetry

The Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet Writing of Poetry

The Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet Writing of Poetry Mini-lesson #5 Origin of the Italian Sonnet Sonnet comes from the Italian word sonetto which means little song.

Francesco Petrarca, a 13th century Italian Renaissance poet, created the 1st form of sonnets. The Italian sonnet is also called Petrarchan His Il Canzoniere inspired English writers to adopt this style of writing. He taught Sir Thomas Wyatt, a famous English sonneteer, the form. Italian sonnets are full of love and passion. The Inspiration Italian Renaissance: a period of

rebirth where classical art, literature, architecture and learning. Women are seen as unattainable and virtuous beauties. Platonic love (friendly or unrequited love from Platos philosophy of three different

loves) Love and passion were big themes and inspiration for art. Petrarca fell in love with Laura who did not requite his feelings; discussed his love for her. Structure of the Italian Sonnet 14 line poem 14 line poem Divided into two stanzas 1st stanza is an octave (a stanza of 8 lines)

Octave rhyme scheme: ABBAABBA 2nd stanza is a sestet (a stanza of 6 lines) Sestet rhyme scheme: CDECDE or CDCDEE The turn must occur between the octave and the sestet. Problem, Turn, and Resolution The octave or 1st stanza presents the reader about a problem or argument.

The sestet or 2nd stanza offers a solution to deal with the problem. 8th or 9th line is where the volta or turn occurs. The turn makes a shift from the problem to the solution. Problem or argument deals with love/passion. Syllabification All sonnets are written in iambic pentameter. Iambic pentameter is a rhythm/meter which has five feet. Iamb refers to the beat that has an unstressed and stressed syllable/sound. A foot is the combination of a unstressed

and stressed syllable (always in that order) Penta is five (line has five feet). Total of 10 syllables per line. The Sound of Iambic Pentameter Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame No underline: unstressed Underlined: stressed How many syllables? Where do you hear the stress?

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