From Exodus to Exile Timeline of Major Events

From Exodus to Exile Timeline of Major Events

From Exodus to Exile Timeline of Major Events 3800 BCE Adam and Eve are created by God; year 1 of the Jewish calendar 1743 BCE Abraham receives vision from God; Covenant and Promised Land introduced 1314 BCE Moses sees God in the burning bush; sets out to free his people (movie) 1280

BCE Exodus from Egypt to Sinai, to Canaan 1200 BCE The Time of the Judges and Kings starts, Israel and Jerusalem established 970-931 722 BCE Solomon builds his temple in Jerusalem BCE Israel destroyed by the Assyrians, Jewish people evicted from their land 586 BCE Babylonian Captivity; Solomons temple destroyed and Jewish people exiled as prisoners

333 BCE Hellenistic (Greek) takeover 168 BCE Maccabean Revolt; Jews take back control 64 BCE Roman Empire takes over; Jews subjected to tremendous hardship under Roman rule; the second temple is destroyed Early CE Rabbinic Judaism emerges and survives

After the Exodus Where the movie ended! Moses led the Hebrews across the Red Sea and into the Sinai Region On Mount Sinai, God appeared to Moses again. This

time, God shared with him the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments served to emphasize the nature of Gods power as well as provide rules the people would need to follow in order to keep their covenant with God. Renewal of covenant, Solidification of Judaism What was the Passover? What does The Exodus refer to?

What are the Ten Commandments? The combination of these three things served as a renewal of the pact between God and his people. The Hebrews marveled at the wisdom revealed to Moses, and they could follow his example. They could conduct their lives according to the laws of the commandments. Judaism believes that God established this so that they could live as a peaceful and faithful people. WHAT IS A JUDGE? WHO WAS A GREAT KING? WHAT IS A PROPHET? The Time of Judges, Kings, and Prophets

The Time of Judges, Kings, and Prophets The Hebrews lived a nomadic life for 40 years before finally reaching the land of Canaan. Their arrival marks the beginning of the time described in the Bible as the period of Judges and Kings. Judges = charismatic and influential

tribe leaders The Judges helped the Hebrews form a sense of identity. The Time of Judges, Kings, and Prophets Eventually the Hebrews longed for a king to lead them. God granted them a king; first Saul,

then David. David was a great king who won many military battles and established Jerusalem as his capital city. Davids son Solomon built a temple that would come to be the centre of worship for Jewish faith for the next 1000 years. Eventually, the Hebrew tribes split, and

the northern tribes land took on the The tribes splitting brought the time of the Judges and Kings to an end. The end of this era was predicted by prophets. In the Bible, prophets mean two things:

1. Somebody who can predict the future. 2. Somebody who speaks on behalf of God. In the Bible, Hebrew prophets often warn of upcoming crisis when the people are failing to The Time of Judges, Kings, and Prophets WHAT IMPACT DID THE EXILE HAVE ON THE

FORMATION OF JUDAISM? The Exile The Exile Jewish independence did not last long. In 721 BCE, Israel was invaded and captured. Almost all citizens were evicted from the area, beginning the scattering of the Jewish population.

In 586 BCE, Babylonian invaders destroyed Solomons temple in Jerusalem. 10, 000+ Jewish people were sent into exile as prisoners for The Exile Because the Jewish population was scattered about, and because Solomons Temple was now destroyed, Jewish

people had to think of new ways to worship and honour God. Three new concepts emerged Synagogues: Places where Jews congregate to worship. They became very important to Jews once the Temple was destroyed or for those who lived away from the Second Temple.

Rabbis: The Exile marked the beginning of intense scholarly analysis of scripture. Rabbis emerged as respected teachers. They would make the scriptures easier to understand for Messiah: The idea that a great king would come and

save the Jewish people from oppression. Belief in this character emerged during the Exile period. The Exile Eventually, the Babylonians were overcome by the Persians. The Persians encouraged the Jewish people to return to their homeland of Israel; some did, some didnt.

In 515, a new temple was built as an outward sign of the Covenant. Again, this newly instated freedom didnt last long. WHAT IS THE DIASPORA? WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DIASPORA FOR JUDAISM? Jews in the Diaspora The Diaspora Diaspora is a Greek word meaning sowing of seed or dispersal. In the context of Jewish history, this term is used to describe the

population of Jewish people living outside of Israel. By ~300 BCE, the majority of Jews lived in the Diaspora. Hellenization In 332 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered much of the known world and many of the Jews in the diaspora fell under Greek control. This process is called Hellenization. Jews embraced Greek architecture, dress, and names. The Bible was translated

into Greek. Solomons Second Temple was converted into a shrine Maccabean Revolt The Jewish people became increasingly unsatisfied with Greek rule. A group of rebels (anti-Greek) emerged, called the Maccabees.

The Maccabees fought against Greek rule, ultimately winning back the temple, which was rededicated to God. The Maccabees ruled their own people for almost 100 years. Roman Takeover In 64 BCE, the Jews fell under harsh foreign rule once again with the expansion of the Roman

Empire. During this time there was a renewed emphasis on the Messiah coming to lead the Jews out of oppression. Roman Takeover The Jews suffered at the hands of the Romans When the Jews revolted,

the Romans responded with a 5 month siege of Jerusalem. They destroyed the temple, which was never rebuilt. With the temple ruined and the Jewish resistance destroyed, the Jews faced a choice: disintegration or HOW DID JUDAISM IS WE KNOW IT TODAY COME TO BE? Rabbinic Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism A rabbi named Yohanen ben Zakkai did not want to see the disintegration of his people, and so he convinced the Romans to let him relocate the Jewish Justice Court, scriptures, and people outside of their rule, allowing the Jewish people to preserve their way of life. Rabbis led congregations and prayers in synagogue and worked to analyse and write scriptures. The groundwork laid during this time is the foundation of Judaism The Jewish experience from the Exile to

the Roman occupation is one of inspiring fortitude and an unfailing will to preserve the faith. Behind the worldly experience of oppression, the Jews immersed themselves in coming to terms with God and the covenant. By the Middle Ages, Judaism has established deep intellectual and spiritual roots that would ensure its survival.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Introduction to Psychology

    Introduction to Psychology

    Arousal Theory Hierarchy of Needs Instinct Theory/Evolutionary Perspective Instinct Theory/Evolutionary Perspective: we are motivated by our inborn automated behaviors. Primarily applies to animals Complex behaviors that have a fixed pattern throughout a species and are unlearned Drive Reduction Theory Our...
  • Disk-Integrated Polarization of the Moon in the Ultraviolet ...

    Disk-Integrated Polarization of the Moon in the Ultraviolet ...

    Disk-Integrated Polarization of the Moon in the Ultraviolet from SOLSTICE. M. Snow, G. Holsclaw, W. McClintock, T. Woods. University of Colorado/LASP
  • Global Ocean Monitoring: Recent Evolution, Current Status, and

    Global Ocean Monitoring: Recent Evolution, Current Status, and

    /s/100m coastline). Anomalies are departures from the 1981-2010 base period pentad means. Anomalous upwelling switched to anomalous downwelling in mid-Mar 2019, may be associated with variation of the SLP anomalies along the coast.
  • Curtin PowerPoint template 2010

    Curtin PowerPoint template 2010

    These include the SHRIMP2 mass spectrometer at Curtin University, thin-section grinding equipment and resource microscopes for petrographical analysis, electron-microprobe and SEM instruments (arrangement with UWA) for mineralogical composition analysis, computers for processing analytical data, etc. Ar/Ar analysis will be done...
  • Global I Final Exam - Cardinal Hayes High School

    Global I Final Exam - Cardinal Hayes High School

    This was done in order to remove the colonial and religious influence of primarily Spain and Portugal, which was perceived as posing a threat to the stability of the shogunate and to peace in the archipelago. The increasing number of...
  • Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh, Conceptual Integrated Science

    Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh, Conceptual Integrated Science

    Note their sizes increase in the narrow part, due to reduced pressure there! Applications of Bernoulli Moving air gains speed above the roof of a house. This change in air velocity means reduced pressure on the roof. Therefore, air pressure...
  • The Tri-Council Framework - University of Manitoba

    The Tri-Council Framework - University of Manitoba

    UM policy and procedures are consistent with the Tri-Council Framework. The Designated Officer is the Vice-President (Research and International) Protection for "whistleblowers" Due process for the person alleged to have breached. Appeal process. Appropriate procedures for frivolous allegations
  • Fragments - Valencia College

    Fragments - Valencia College

    We placed a comma before the word, trying, because that word is not a proper subject, so that sentence cannot stand on its own. It has to depend on the first independent sentence because it contains a subject, a verb,...