Henry David Thoreau 1817---1862 The Doer 1817---1862 Why

Henry David Thoreau 1817---1862 The Doer 1817---1862 Why is Thoreau different from others? If a man does not keep pace with his

companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away. --- Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau, The Great

1. Dismissed as an idler, and a drifter and a minor writer and a wasted Harvard graduate, and almost forgotten in his day, and yet in our day, he is one of few writers who deserve the appellation great. 2. He put into practice of principles of plain living and high thinking. 3. His journal of nearly 7000 pages transcribed his daily thoughts, observations, readings and

encounters with nature and men. Relationship with Emerson 14 years younger than RWE Friendship bloomed in late 1830s, after Ts graduation from Harvard Throughout the 1840s, E encouraged T as a writer, particularly praising his poetry and getting him started on the topic of Nature

Relationship with Emerson Shared political attitudes about slavery Friendship cooled some in the 1850s, with T resenting Es patronage & E critical of what he saw as Ts lack of ambition RWE delivered the eulogy at Ts funeral: No truer American existed than Thoreau

His life

1. Born in Concord, Massachusetts, July 12, 1817 2. In Harvard College in 1833, and graduated in 1837 as one of the honor students 3. Opened a school, where he taught with his brother John 4. 1839, made a trip on Concord and Merrimack rivers with John

5. Helped Emerson edit The Dial and tutored Emersons children 6. In March 1845 ( when 28)began to work on a cabin at Walden Pond, and on July 4, moved into the Walden cabin 7. 1846, arrested for nonpayment of poll tax 8. Published Walden on August 9, 1856 9. Met Walt Whitman in Brooklyn 1856 10. In 1860, contracted the cold that led to his fatal illness, and died in Concord on May 6, 1862 11.In 1906, 20 volumes of Thoreaus writings were published, including 14

volumes of his journal Walden lake, where Thoreau found the real meaning of life. A reproduction of the cabin where Thoreau lived for two years and two months A modern reader of Thoreau in the historic cabin

The nameless and timeless Henry Beauty originates from simplicity. His major works 1.Walden , known for its modern style, simplicity of diction and figures of speech, has 200 different editions and been translated into every major modern language. 2. Walden was revised 8 times, and is read as the 19th

century Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 3. Civil Disobedience is the result of his jailed experience in 1846, embodying the pioneering spirit of the American frontiersman and a development of the philosophy in the Declaration of Independence, having a great impact on Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King. By working about six weeks in a year, I could meet all the expenses of living.

Growing his own food and building his own shelter gave him freedom to work productively as a writer and thinker Profound connection between self reliance, meaningful labor, and

thought An age of social experimentation Like the 1960s, the 1840s saw a number of experiments with communes. Hawthorne lived for a time at Brook Farm, the Alcotts at

Fruitlands. Ts stay at Walden Pond is a more solitary response to this same impulse towards social experimentation. I say, break the law. Let your life be a counter friction to stop the machine Civil Disobedience

While living at Walden Pond, T was arrested and briefly jailed for not paying his poll tax. His essay on the experience, Civil Disobedience, explores the question of what a person should do when he or she feels that his

government is acting immorally. . Henry David Thoreau Crosspollination Like RWE, T avidly

studied the Hindu scriptures of India. Mahatma Gandhi studied Ts writings on civil disobedience as he led Indias struggle for independence. MLK based many of his ideas on nonviolent action

on the work of Gandhi. Thoreau and Emerson

A frog was made to live in a swamp, but a man was not made to live in a swamp. I had tenderly cherished the flower of our friendship till one day my friend treated it as a weed. Emerson refused to recognize

Thoreau as a writer, but a hermit. An American simplicity The American literary tradition 1. Natty Bumpo---Civilized city and savaged woods. Character Last of the Mohicans 2.Ahab ---Civilized ship and savaged sea 3. Hester---Civilized village and savaged forest

4. Huckleberry Finn---Civilized village and savaged river Thoreau---Civilized Concord and the wild Walden lake The American Cultural Tradition Puritans Civilized England

The main character The New World 1. Freedom 2. Human rights 3. Democracy 4. Wealth The unknown

world The frontiers The American Dream The West

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