October 24th 2016 RIGHT NOW Please get out a pencil/pen your notebook, folder, and any signed forms. Before class begins write down what the focus of our work time today is as well as your homework. WT: 1. Notes Revolution 2. Time line: Cause and Effect Connecting events
Warm Up: Prepare to view a political cartoon. I will be able to: I will be able to analyze colonial Georgia and explain the evolution of Georgias development from the Trustee to Royal Period, by making connections between key events and their influence in causing Georgia to participate in the American Revolution. EQ: What impact did the Royal Governors have on
Georgias development? Closure: How impact did the Stamp act, Sugar act, Navigation acts, Intolerable acts, Townshend Acts, and the quartering act have on the What influence did Governor Wright have on Georgias role in the revolution? How the Proclamation of 1763 and the French and
Indian War impact Georgia? What were the short and long term affects of the American Revolution on Georgia? Observe the Political Cartoon below Causes of the American Revolution What caused the American Revolution? 4 Main Causes
French & Indian War Also known as "The Seven Year War Conflict between Britain and France for control over the land west of the Appalachian Mountains Rich Fur Area in the Ohio River Valley Britain won gained control of Canada & all the land EAST of Mississippi River Treaty of Paris signed after the war. Put Britain in financial turmoil wanted colonists to help
pay back war debt. After the French & Indian War Land Britain gained after the war. Proclamation of 1763 Issued by King George III Forbade colonists from settling land west of Appalachian Mountains Issued to stabilize relations with the natives Since war almost bankrupted England felt could not
afford another war with the natives (too costly) Impact on the Colonies All Other 12 Colonies Georgia Colonists hoped to settle Added new territory (Mississippi & this new land gained by
war Increased security once Britain took Angry could not settle new territory Ignored the Proclamation & did it anyway Alabama) after the war control of Florida after the war
Did not have same reaction as other colonies 2 reasons 1 young, small colony most colonists lived on the coast (trade) 2 Gained land & resources from the Spanish after the war = New coastal land to settle. Stamp Act
Parliament imposed tax on all legal & commercial documents to carry a stamp showing the tax had been paid British felt colonists should help pay for war debts Prior to this colonial assemblies collected taxes 1st time directly taxed without Parliamentary representations Reaction by Colonists Colonists were not happy Reacted violently
Average colonists would hang or tar and feather parliamentary leaders and royal governors. Upper Class formed "Sons of Liberty" Georgia was not as unhappy cause of the small population, strong royal governor (James Wright), and economic dependence on Great Britain. Only colony that sold stamps November 1765 small group of
prominent Georgians formed "Liberty Boys" supported colonists reaction to the stamp act. Intolerable Acts Britain's' response to the Boston Tea party Massachusetts protest of Tea Act tax. 4 punitive acts to punish the colonists in Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party Reactions from the Colonists Angered colonists especially the quartering act.
12 colonies sent representatives to the 1st Continental Congress Supported boycotts on British goods and sent military support to Massachusetts. Minimal response in Georgia Noble W. Jones & Peter Tondee of Georgia strengthened and gathered support for the other 12 colonies Colonial Georgians Patriots
Supported the Revolution and the other 12 colonies Most had been born in America Rebelled against England Also called Whigs Loyalists Colonists were loyal to England Many influential Georgians still loyal to
England (James Wright, Thomas Brown, John Zubly) Also called Tories Loyalist landowners forfeited their land to the patriots after the war Older Georgians and recent immigrants Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775 Georgia would send 3 representatives (Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall,
George Walton). They would sign the Declaration of Independence. Divided into 3 parts 1. Preamble Explains the natural rights of all people 2. Grievances against the King such as taxes without consent 3. Declaration of Independence from the mother country. If Britain had won the war, any Patriot that signed the Declaration would have been executed for being a traitor to their country. Role of Georgians In the Revolution
Elijah Clarke One of the more well-known Georgia patriots was Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Clarke (1742-1799). Clarke was a poor farmer from North Carolina who moved to Georgia around 1773. Early on Clarke wanted to remain loyal to the king and even signed his name to a petition to support the King in 1774. However, he joined the Georgia militia when the
fighting broke out in the colony. Early in the war Clarke fought both the Creek and Cherokee who had sided with the British. Elijah Clarke at the Battle of Kettle Creek Clarkes most famous act was his leadership during the patriot victory at the Battle of Kettle Creek. During this battle, Clarke led a charge against loyalist troops that helped win the battle and boost morale
for the Georgia patriots. After this battle, Clarke continued to fight the British troops in Georgia and South Carolina. Clarke After the War Clarke was wounded several times during the Revolution. The state of Georgia rewarded his services with a plantation.
After the war, he continued to serve in the military and was involved in politics. Based on his military accomplishments, Clarke County was named in his honor. Clarkes Downfall Unfortunately, Clarkes heroic legacy was scarred by a bad choices in his later life. In 1789, he tried to create his own republic, called the
Trans-Oconee Republic, after defeating the Creek Indians in present day Walton County. He was also involved with the Yazoo Land Fraud, and became entangled in two plots to illegally invade East Florida. Clarke died in 1799, discredited and almost bankrupt. Austin Dabney Austin Dabney (1765-1830) was a slave who fought under Elijah Clarke during the Battle of
Kettle Creek. Dabney served in the place of his master Richard Aycock, who used Dabney as a substitute in order not to fight himself. Austin Dabney at the Battle of Kettle Creek Dabney is thought to be the only African American who fought at the Battle of Kettle Creek.
He was an artilleryman and was severely wounded during the fighting. Dabneys Road to Recovery One of his fellow soldiers, Giles Harris, took Dabney to his home and cared for Dabney while he recovered. Harriss kindness led to a close bond between Dabney and the Harris family. Dabney continued to work for Harris after he was granted his freedom. Dabney After the War
Due to his bravery during the Battle of Kettle Creek, the state of Georgia paid for Dabneys freedom from his former master. The state also gave Dabney a grant for 50 acres of land for his service during the Revolution, the only African-American to receive one. Later, Dabney received an additional 112 acres from the state and a federal invalid pension of 60 dollars a month (which was increased to 96 dollars a month) due to the wound he received at Kettle Creek.
Nancy Hart Nancy was a patriot who became famous for her efforts to rid the area where she lived of Tories, English soldiers, and British sympathizers. Patriot and Spy During most of the Revolution, she was left alone to fend for herself and her children while her husband served as a lieutenant under Elijah Clarke. She was a spy for the patriots. She often disguised herself as a
simpleminded man and wandered amongst Tories and British soldiers to gather information which she would pass along to the patriots. It is also believed that she participated at the Battle of Kettle Creek. The Legend One evening, a Tory spy crept up to the family cabin and was spying by looking through a crack. One of her children told her what was going on. Hart, who was making soap around the fireplace, filled her ladle with
boiling soap water and flung it through the crack. A scream confirmed her aim. The Tory was hog-tied and taken prisoner to local militia. The Legend Her most famous act was when a group of six (some say five) Tories came to her cabin and demanded information concerning the location of a Whig leader who had stopped by the Hart cabin for help just minutes earlier. Hart told the Tories that no one had passed through her neck of the woods for
days. The Tories were convinced that she was lying. One of the Tories shot and killed her prized turkey and demanded that she cook it. The Legend As the Tories entered the cabin, they stacked their weapons in the corner, and demanded something to drink. Hart gave them her jugs of wine. Once the Tories started getting drunk, she sent her daughter Sukey to the spring for a bucket of water. Her daughter was instructed to blow a conch shell. The sound alerted neighbors that Tories were in the cabin. She then began to pass the Tories
loaded muskets to her daughter. When the Tories noticed what she was doing, they jumped to their feet. Hart threatened to shoot the first man who moved a foot. Ignoring her warning, one Tory lunged forward, and Hart pulled the trigger, killing him. She also shot a second Tory who made a move toward the stacked weapons. She then held the others until her husband and others arrived. The Legend The remaining Tories were hanged from a nearby tree. In 1912, railroad workers working near the site of the
Hart cabin unearthed a neat row of six skeletons that were estimated to have been buried for at least a century. This discovery is often considered as proof of the Hart legend. Remembered Hart County, the city of Hartwell, a highway, and Lake Hartwell are named in her honor.
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