Teaching quantitative methods: Expert practitioners talk about pedagogy
Teaching quantitative methods: Expert practitioners talk about pedagogy Prof Melanie Nind Dr Sarah Lewthwaite The Pedagogy of Methodological Learning
Project How are advanced social science research methods taught and learned? Research Aims: Develop the pedagogical culture & pedagogical content knowledge for social science research methods teaching Create a typology of pedagogical approaches for social science research methods teaching Generate a coherent theoretical framework for social science research methods teaching
http://pedagogy.ncrm.ac Teachers knowledge (Shulman) Knowledge of curricula, learners, educational needs and ends Knowledge of content to be taught & learned General pedagogical knowledge (those broad
principles and strategies of classroom management and organization that appear to transcend subject matter (Shulman 1987: 8) But key for us = Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) - pedagogical knowledge specific to the subject matter Pedagogic Content Knowledge (PCK)
e.g. how to powerfully represent ideas, which analogies and examples are effective, what makes grasp of specific topics easier etc. craft knowledge - practical wisdom that interacts with (rather than opposes) theoretical knowledge PCK is tacit, practical & situated So, for researchers it is hard to know (Nind et al. in press) But we need to attempt to surpass the idiosyncratic level of individual narratives (van Driel et al.1998: 674) to build
pedagogic culture & share PCK I want a space where I can talk more about my own pedagogical challenges, I want to reflect on them with a group of people that share this with me, and I want to share resources, I want to share new ideas, to continue to foster a kind of interdisciplinary pedagogical culture. Sharlene Hesse-Biber
So What PCK do social science research methods teacher experts have that we can bring together and learn from? Expert panel interviews
John Creswell Sharlene Hesse-Biber Richard Rogers Max Bergman Paul Vogt Andrew Gelman
Yvonna Lincoln Cesar CisnerosPuebla Johnny Saldana Anne Porter Bagele Chilisa Pat Bazeley Chris Wild Locations of expert
panelists Themes for discussion
The roots of our pedagogic approaches Our pedagogic starting points or hooks Pedagogic resources and the associated PCK Pedagogic challenges The teacher as learner Pedagogic culture Pedagogic Approaches Student centred pedagogy in quantitative methods teaching:
Fearful learners Unprepared learners Unprepared teachers Difficulty of content Verbal approaches you need to report on these different things about the structure of the data and what you see. It has to be in statistical terms and it has to be in lay people language as well
Anne Porter students in a field like psychology are coming in because they need statistics its like its a foreign language you need to speak, otherwise they cant design their experiments Andrew Gelman W. Paul Vogt: we tried to find non-technical, verbal ways of teaching research methods, so teaching regression analysis in terms of the questions that people doing regression analysis would be trying
to answer, and teaching that in a class or two, and then having people read real research output and teaching them how to read it. I taught them [students] how to read the research, what it meant. It was more like teaching a foreign language than it was like teaching statistics; then took them to the lab, gave on hands-on experience, how to do it, and that was possible - especially with user-friendly software like SPSS. W. Paul Vogt
Visual Approaches My main interest is in making it easier for people to see things and then being able to see data-related things quicker first try to get people to a realisation that data can tell you something interesting when their spark has been ignited then go back and talk about things more holistically. try to approach everything through things you can see, or metaphors which are often largely visual, and then backfill that with more technical things later if you need to.
Chris Wild iNZight https ://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~wild/iNZight/index.php A data analysis system with a
particularly short learning curve Chris Wild Conceptual Pathways Creating a minimal conceptual pathway, of trying to look at an idea, and trying to come up with a map for sets of, for the absolute minimum sets of concepts you need to get your head around
something Chris Wild Implications: Reflexivity on standpoints knowing not only your own standpoint as a researcher but where your students can understand their own standpoint, where are they coming form, and how does their thinking evolve over time
Sharlene Hesse-Biber Reflections: Student centred: how implicit or explicit is the student centred-ness of these pedagogic approaches? Is this about the student, or the student in a given context? Innovative?? Are these approaches common to other aspects of teaching in statistics and
quantitative methods? References Nind, M., Curtin, A. & Hall, K. (in press) Research Methods for Pedagogy. London: Bloomsbury. Shulman, L. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1), 123. van Driel, J. H., Verloop, N., & de Vos, W. (1998). Developing science teachers pedagogical content
knowledge. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 35, 673695. Resources http://pedagogy.ncrm.ac.uk Lewthwaite, S. & Nind, M. Lets talk about pedagogy, MethodsNews Spring 2015, p.1 http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/3754/ Teaching advanced research methods - NCRM quick start guide http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/3746/
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