Workshop on: Marine environment and fisheries applying the

Workshop on: Marine environment and fisheries applying the new CFP and environment policy together Carl OBrien, Defra/Cefas Parallel Session, Group 1: D3 assessment under MSFD Carl OBrien, Defra/Cefas Group 1 - Draft agenda

1. Welcome & introduction o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal) 5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks to be assessed: o How to assess international stocks and those under national

jurisdiction? 6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Item 1 - Purpose The group will explore a common approach for the assessment of Descriptor 3 in the four MSFD marine regions. The group will consider gaps and recommendations and draft an annotated Table of Contents for a Guidance document.

The group will make recommendations for the further preparation of the Guidance document. Chair and facilitators at ICES WKD3R Doc. 1 Doc. 2

Documents (2) Group 1 - Draft agenda 1. Welcome & introduction o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal)

5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks to be assessed: o How to assess international stocks and those under national jurisdiction? 6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Items 2 & 3 Roadmap for the assessment of Descriptor 3

Step 1 Selection of stocks Recommendations: Step 2 Cataloguing and documenting Recommendations: Step 3 Assessing status Recommendations:

Step 3 Assessing status ... continued Recommendations continued: Step 3 Assessing status ... continued Five (5) species groupings considered: o o o o

o Demersal/benthic stocks Pelagic (including tunas) stocks Shellfish stocks Elasmobranch stocks Deep-water stocks o Diadromous species o Freshwater species

D3 assessment and DLS Important to: o Build on existing/available data o Proxies will be developed/used as an interpretation of what relates to MSY ICES concept of target categories o Recognises economic constraints on data

o Continue development of policy-relevant approaches for DLS BMSY and the potential for conflict ICES has refrained from using any BMSY value as a reference point and focused on FMSY and a biomass safeguard for scientific quota advice (CFP): o Lower bound of biomass variability as a safety measure rather than a constant rebuilding target (MSFD)

This reflects that biomasses are variable, influenced by fishing mortality but not directly managed by fisheries measures, and that an equilibrium BMSY may not make sense as a specific target or limit for policy. In the MSFD Descriptor 3 development, this has created a dilemma as BMSY is stated as an objective. Step 4 Overall status

WKD3R conducted an illustrative assessment by region Step 4 Overall status ... continued Step 4 Overall status ... continued Step 4 Overall status ... continued

Presentation of results Easily understandable way: o Regional maps with circles o Tabular format o Pie charts Future collaboration Annual evaluation of the international commercial fish and shellfish stocks for which assessment and

advice are provided by ICES, STECF, GFCM, ICCAT and the Black Sea Commission could be undertaken. WKD3R demonstrated that this is feasible for the four marine regions of MSFD. Further collaboration would be welcomed: o ICES could repeat the process started by WKD3R, if requested

Agree /Disagree comments ??? Roadmap for assessment comprising four steps Step 1 (selection of stocks) recommendations: #1 #2

#3 #4 ??? ??? ??? ??? Step 2 (cataloguing and

documenting) recommendations: ICES stock categories ??? Stocks in Category 6 ??? Group 1 summary Agree /Disagree comments Step 3 (assessing status) recommendations

#1 ??? #2 (Mediterranean Sea) ??? #3 (Black Sea) ??? #4 (Mediterranean/Black Seas) ??? #5 ??? #6 (Criterion 3.3) ??? #7 (Indicator 3.3.2) ??? #8 (Indicator 3.3.4) ??? #9 (Indicators 3.3.1 and 3.3.3) ???

Is Criterion 3.3 necessary? Finfish ??? Shellfish ??? Group 1 summary continued Agree /Disagree comments Step 4 (overall status) Baltic Sea Region ???

Northeast Atlantic Region ??? Mediterranean Sea Region ??? Black Sea Region ??? Presentation of results Easily understandable graphics ??? Future collaboration ICES to be requested to repeat ??? the process started by WKD3R

Group 1 summary continued Group 1 - Draft agenda 1. Welcome & introduction o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal)

5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks to be assessed: o How to assess international stocks and those under national jurisdiction? 6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Group 1 - Draft agenda 1. Welcome & introduction

o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal) 5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks to be assessed: o How to assess international stocks and those under national jurisdiction?

6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Item 5 Preparation and agreement of commercial stocks to assess Step 1: o Recommendation 1 o Recommendation 2 o Recommendation 3 Step 2:

o Recommendations (stocks assessed internationally and those under national jurisdiction) Step 3: Recommendation(s) o Annual evaluation of the international commercial fish and shellfish stocks for which assessment and advice are provided by ICES, STECF, GFCM, ICCAT and the Black Sea Commission should be undertaken; i.e. repeat the process started by WKD3R. o Member States annual evaluation of stocks under national jurisdiction; c.f. WKD3R.

Group 1 - Draft agenda 1. Welcome & introduction o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal) 5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks

to be assessed: o How to assess international stocks and those under national jurisdiction? 6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Item 6 Criterion 3.3 (Population age and size distribution) Within the current reform of the CFP, management is with respect to Criteria 3.1 and 3.2 and as such, Criterion 3.3 may not be

essential in the short-term. Criterion 3.3 relies on the concept of a healthy size/age structure of the stocks, and it is not essential to assess the exploitation status of resources in terms of pressure (F) and status (SSB). Ability to track biological improvements in stock development (with a time delay) as MSY-based management is achieved. Only two available indicators (3.3.1 and 3.3.3) should be monitored for trends while their utility is further investigated.

Group 1 - Draft agenda 1. Welcome & introduction o Aim of the groups work (next slide) 2. Presentation of ICES advice o Recommendations for the assessment of MSFD Descriptor 3 3. General discussion of the four steps 4. Presentation of GFCM work relevant to the MSFD (Miquel Bernal) 5. Preparation and agreement of commercial fin- and shellfish stocks to be assessed:

o How to assess international stocks and those under national jurisdiction? 6. Descriptor 3, Criterion 3.3 7. Way forward, Guideline completion and other recommendations Table of Contents for a Guidance Document For each of the four marine regions of MSFD: c.f. WKD3R Introduction (approach, data availability, solutions

to problems) Choice of stocks and reasons for omission, any links to D1 and D4 DLS categorisation Estimates of MSY reference points/proxies Table of Contents ... continued Results Evaluation of GES (region/sub-region)

By species groupings as separate tables Sort by DLS classification Regional map with circles for DLS Category 1 (F, SSB) Tabular format and/or pie chart for DLS Categories 2-6 (exploitation proxy, spawning stock biomass proxy) Table of Contents ... continued

Summary Status by region/sub-region 3.1.1 Number of stocks Number of stocks achieving green status Percentage of stocks achieving green status

3.1.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.3 unknown total Table of Contents ... continued

Problems and gaps identified Links to other descriptors, D3+, multi-species, food-webs etcetera Recommendations Section references ??? Way forward

??? Way forward continued

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