PowerPoint to accompany Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology ...

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines to accompany Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology Eleventh Edition Shier Butler Lewis

Chapter 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 1

Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 Levels of Organization Subatomic Particles electrons, protons, neutrons

Atom hydrogen atom, lithium atom Molecule water molecule, glucose molecule Macromolecule protein molecule, DNA molecule Organelle mitochondrion, Golgi apparatus, nucleus Cell muscle cell, nerve cell Tissue simple squamous epithelium, loose connective tissue Organ skin, femur, heart, kidney

Organ System skeletal system, digestive system Organism - human 3 Levels of Organization 4

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy study of structure (Greek a cutting up) Physiology study of function (Greek relationship to nature) Structure is always related to function 5

Clinical Application Medical Imaging Noninvasive procedures Provide images of soft internal structures Ultrasonography Use of highfrequency sound

waves Relatively quick and inexpensive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Requires injection of dye Produces computerized images from different

angles 6 Characteristics of Life Movement change in position; motion Responsiveness reaction to a change Growth increase in body size; no change in shape

Reproduction production of new organisms and new cells Respiration obtaining oxygen; removing carbon dioxide; releasing energy from foods 7 Characteristics of Life Digestion breakdown of food substances into simpler

forms Absorption passage of substances through membranes and into body fluids Circulation movement of substances in body fluids Assimilation changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms

Excretion removal of wastes produced by metabolic reactions 8 Requirements of Organisms Life depends on five environmental factors

water food oxygen heat pressure 9

Requirements of Organisms Water - most abundant substance in body - required for metabolic processes - required for transport of substances - regulates body temperature Food

- provides necessary nutrients - supplies energy - supplies raw materials 10 Requirements of Organisms Oxygen (Gas) - one-fifth of air

- used to release energy from nutrients Heat - form of energy - partly controls rate of metabolic reactions Pressure - application of force on an object

- atmospheric pressure important for breathing - hydrostatic pressure keeps blood flowing 11 Homeostasis Bodys maintenance of a stable internal environment

Homeostatic Mechanisms monitor aspects of the internal environment and corrects any changes Receptors - provide information about stimuli Control center - tells what a particular value should be (includes a set point) Effectors - elicit responses that change conditions in the 12 internal environment

Homeostatic Mechanisms 13 Homeostatic Mechanisms 14

Body Cavities 15 Thoracic & Abdominal Membranes Visceral layer covers an organ

Parietal layer lines a cavity or body wall Thoracic Membranes Visceral pleura Parietal pleura Visceral pericardium Parietal pericardium

Abdominopelvic Membranes Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum 16 Serous Membranes

17 Serous Membranes 18 Organ Systems

19 Organ Systems 20 Organ Systems

21 Organ Systems 22 Organ Systems

23 Organ Systems 24 Anatomical Terminology Anatomical Position standing erect, facing forward,

upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward Terms of Relative Position Superior versus Inferior Anterior versus Posterior Medial versus Lateral Ipsilateral versus Contralateral Proximal versus Distal Superficial versus Peripheral

Deep 25 Body Sections Sagittal / Midsagittal or Median / Parasagittal Transverse or Horizontal Coronal or Frontal Cross section, Oblique, Longitudinal

26 Body Sections 27 Body Sections

28 Body Sections 29 Abdominal Subdivisions

30 Body Regions 31

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • www.bio.fsu.edu


    Name this hole? What is this? PHYLUM Porifera TYPE Asconoid Terms you need to know: spicules, spongocoel, osculum & bud. Compare to fig 1.3-A in your lab manuals. Note: Spicules at the neck of the osculum The choanocytes are located...
  • The Latter Rain! What is it? What is

    The Latter Rain! What is it? What is

    An angel with a writer's inkhorn by his side returned from the earth and reported to Jesus that his work was done, and the saints were numbered and sealed. Then I saw Jesus, who had been ministering before the ark...
  • Comic Sans MS size 44

    Comic Sans MS size 44

    Max-Flow Min-Cut Applications: Playoff Elimination Quick Review of MLB Playoffs Two leagues, American and National: independent Three divisions per league Who makes playoffs?


    The Impact of Within-Side Competition in Two-Sided Business Models. M.MahdiTavalaei (University of Surrey, UK). Juan Santalo(IE Business School, Spain). Annabelle Gawer(University of Surrey, UK). 2017 Platform Symposium, Boston
  • Psychological Disorders - University of Pittsburgh

    Psychological Disorders - University of Pittsburgh

    Psychological Disorders Medical Model concept that diseases have physical causes can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include...
  • CTCV 2354 - Evidence for a Sub Stellar Donor?

    CTCV 2354 - Evidence for a Sub Stellar Donor?

    C1300 shows clear white dwarf and bright spot eclipses (figure 3). To determine the system parameters we used a physical model of the binary system to calculate eclipse light curves for each component (shown in figure 2 - green =...
  • Toggle navigation  Help  Preferences  Sign up  Log in

    Toggle navigation Help Preferences Sign up Log in

    Roundabouts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Title: Roundabouts & Emissions Author: cbaker Last modified by: cbaker Created Date: 4/14/2009 2:44:43 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show - PowerPoint PPT presentation.
  • "What Do You Know About Cinema?"

    "What Do You Know About Cinema?"

    12.What is the name of the actor who played the main male role in the film "Pretty woman"? 13.What is the name of the actor who played the main role in the movie "Terminator"? 14. Who was the Director of...