Project Organized Learning - POL What is a problem based project? The Aalborg model: PBL, Projects, Team work A four phase model of a Project Analysing: why, what and how? Reflection for action Exercise, start analysing your project
1 2 The Aalborg model - one way of dealing with PBL Key words: Problem based learning Projects Team work 3 Team work What ?
A group of students working together on a project They have to both carry out the project and document the results Based on the documentation there is a group examination, but the marks are individual 4 Team work Why ? A survey in 1997 showed that 75% of the companies wanted new employees to have good skills in team work The individual student in the group learns
from the others (synergy) Extra: Responsibility towards the group leads to very hard work 5 Team work How ? Each group has a group room Group size of 6-8 students first year, 2-3 students last year Students are in charge of forming groups Team building courses: Roles, communication, co-operation, conflicts
6 Projects What ? A unique task Have a lot of complex activities Needs several people with different skills Have a final goal/objective Limited resources (time, money, people) Have to deliver a result at a given time: As a minimum a written report 7 Projects
Why ? More and more companies use project organization Much engineering work is performed as projects Motivates the students Leads to student activity Improves documentation skills Secures deep learning in subjects covered in the project 8 Projects
How ? One project each semester Necessary theories and methods given in project courses 9 Structure of a semester: Study courses Project courses Examination
50% - 33% 50% - 67% Project Examination 10 Timing of a semester Project courses Study courses Project
11 Projects How ? One project each semester Necessary theories and methods given in project courses Each group has (at least) one supervisor Documentation: a written report, oral defence, (construction) Courses in:
project management and planning 12 Problem based learning What ? The project groups choose their own problem to work with in the projects The problem has to be analyzed within a relevant context before it can be solved or analyzed further The problem determines the choice of methods and theories to be used 13
Problem based learning Why ? Real world problems are interdisciplinary and complex It is a learner-centred process It meets the learners' interests and enhances motivation It emphasizes development of analytical, methodological and transferable skills 14 Problem based learning How ? You try to solve real problems and to learn
most about them you: Wonder Doubt Ask questions Point out contradictions Analyse what seems obviously 15 A four phase model of a Project Student Project too broad Industriel
Project Analyse Design Implementation Test P0 P1 Student The ideal Project
too narrow Student Project 16 Why is analysing important? LP Wife Water What shall I do to get to my wife? 17
What is analysis? Get an overview of the problem Asking Questions See Perspectives Divide into different aspects Top Down Bottum Up Look critically at all aspects Estimate Measure Compare 18
How to start analysing presentation of two tools The six W- model What? Why? Whom?
How? Post It Brain storm 1. 2. 3. 4. Where? Problem When?
Everybody writes keywords on Post It notes for 5 min All notes are placed on the blackboard All notes are read out Everybody goes to the blackboard and structures the notes together 19 Semester Theme Problem-based project-organised learning in Electrical Engineering and Information Technology. Purpose: To give the students a comprehension and understanding of the problem-based learning method,
which is being used at AAU. To give the students experience with project work in connection with problems within the areas: Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, together with the corresponding documentation (report writing). To give the students knowledge in specific areas related to their choice of specialisation. 20 Contents: P0: (1 period, 5 weeks) Preparation of problem formulation, project delimitation and time schedule for the P1-work. The supervisor will give a short description of the
initiating problem. The students will carry out analysis, identification of central knowledge areas, knowledge seeking, and planning of the P1-project period. P0 is ended with a common evaluation seminar, where the students present their work and receive criticism from supervisors and fellow students. 21 Reflection for action If someone in your group has some experience with project work/group work the discus it with the other group members. Based on the purpose of the semester and
the specific content of the P0 period, discus your expectations to the P0 period and to each other. Write the expectations on a slide as key words and present it for the other groups. 22 How is the structure of a project report?
FrontPage often with a picture/illustration Title page with all relevant information Preface guidance, acknowledge Contents to get an overview of the project Chapter 1 remember references : Chapter n remember references Literature
Appendix what you have accomplished Enclosure copies from others 23 How to make references 1. The Harvard method (Jensen, 2001a:21) http://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/harvard.html 2. By numbers 
Literature is the listed alphabetic (1) or numbered (2). We have to know all possible information's to be able to find the quoted source: Books: Author(s), year, title, publisher, ISBN or ISSN no. Journals: As above + name of journal, number and date Internet: URL and date for downloading Persons: Name, title, company 24 Exercise: Use the 6 W- model to start analysing your project. This way you walk around the problem and can be fairly sure to discover most of the aspects of the project.
Afterwards you can use the post it brain storm to find out both what it would be appropriate to analyse and to structure the analyse. 25
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