Psychological Disorders and Therapy - Quia

Psychological Disorders and Therapy - Quia

Psychological Disorders and Therapy Test Review Schizophrenia Real Footage Simulation Experience If Mark reports blindness, deafness, paralysis, or seizures, but doctors cannot

find any evidence of a physical problem or cause, they may suspect this disorder. Conversion Disorder Dr. McCarthy gives a lolli-pop to scared little Kathryn following her vaccination shots. The idea behind this is to encourage the children to associate Dr. McCarthy and the shots with a

positive reinforcement rather than a punishment. What conditioning technique is being used? Counter-Conditioning Associate bad stimulus with a good reinforcer Jonathan has just returned from war. Over activation of which 1 of his brain parts and 1 neurotransmitter is likely, considering he

has been diagnosed with Post-TraumaticStress-Disorder (PTSD). Hippocampus; Norepinephrine (NE) In Marias latest psychotherapy session, Dr. Neatrour asked Maria to participate in the Rorschach ink blot test. Dr. Neatrour asked Maria to react without filtering any thoughts whatsoever. Interestingly, however, upon viewing a few certain slides, Maria started to say

something, paused for a few seconds, and then said something else instead. Dr. Neatrour reasoned that Maria was avoiding discussing something unpleasant in her unconscious. By what psychoanalytic process was Marias therapy session affected? Resistance Lauren is terrified of dragons. Dr. Scholz

wants to slowly introduce aspects of dragons, such as the tail, the tongue, and the fire to Lauren. As Laurens anxiety level remains low with each successive part of the dragon, eventually the entire dragon will be shown. Dr. Scholzs therapy technique is known as ______________. Systematic Desensitization

What perspective is concerned with chemical imbalances when analyzing psychological disorders? Medical Model / Biological Model Place the following in terms of most resistant to cure/treatment/recovery to

least resistant: A) Fear of Snakes B) Borderline Personality Disorder C) Generalized Anxiety Disorder D) Process Schizophrenia B, D, C, A

Depression is caused by anger turned inward. What psychological perspective is exemplified in this statement? Psychoanalytic Bonus: Who said this? Video Clue:

ruGZY . That stupid song keeps running through my head all day long, says Katie. That repetitive replaying is an example of a(n): obsession Disorders / Neurological Problems

____________ is characterized by too much Dopamine, while ___________ is characterized by too little Dopamine. Schizophrenia, Parkinsons Andrea is worried she may have depressionWhat 2 NTs may be associated with her depression and

describe whether each is low or high in those with depression. NE, Serotonin (5HT) Both are low Define psychological disorder using the letters from the acronym AMUD.

Atypical Maladaptive Unjustifiable Disturbing

Diana and Monette are identical twins. Diana has schizophrenia. What are the chances Monette has it? 50%

Therapist: Mother Stacey: Hate, love, red, kill Therapist: House Stacey: dirty, smelly, people, cry, hero

The therapist is making use of the psychoanalytic technique of __________. Free Association Which of the following is the DSM-IV-TR useful for deciding (you may choose 0-4 answers)? A) Jordan is insane. B) Lindy is extremely extroverted.

C) Megans obsessive-compulsive disorder is curable. D) Nikki was born with antisocial personality disorder. Trick Question: NONE!!! Haha! It only describes the symptoms of disordersthats it! insane is a legal term, not a psychological one. extroverted is one of the BIG 5 Personality Traits, but is not covered in the DSM.

Margaret has schizophrenia. She sees pink elephants in front of her when there are nonethis is a __________. Margaret also claims that James Madison is a fraud and that she is the true father (well, mother) of the Constitutionthis is a __________.

hallucination; delusion The most common male personality disorder is ______________ and the most common female personality disorder is __________. Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder

In OCD, __________ are best described as repetitive behaviors, while __________ are best described as unwanted, repetitive thoughts. Compulsions, Obsessions The most commonly provided explanation

of this disorder is childhood sexual, emotional, or physical trauma. Dissociative Identity Disorder Place the following disorders in order of most common to least common: A) Major Depression B) Bi Polar Disorder

C) Phobias C, A, B Ali has had 74 boyfriends since entering high school. She seems to have a new best friend every other week. As a secondary disorder, Ali is showing signs of

anorexia. What personality disorder does Ali have? Borderline Personality Disorder Mary Kate wakes up one day shivering in Toronto. Mary Kate has completely forgotten that she actually lives in Virginia Beach and that she is a member of the

OLHS Choir. What psychological disorder does Mary Kate have? Dissociative fugue Which of the following words best describes the mood of someone in a manic state? A) Guilt B) Fear

C) Optimism D) Ambivalence E) Indifference Optimism The increased use of this perspective led to the deinstitutionalization movement in

the 1950s and beyond. Medical Model (drugs) Disorders, like schizophrenia, where people lose contact with reality and experience irrational ideas and distorted perceptions are known as _________ disorders.

Psychotic Being born in these two seasons put people at an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Name 1 of these seasons. Winter & Spring Heather is terrified of dragons. Dr. Phelps

wants to get a real live dragon and put it in Heathers face and talk her through her anxiety issues using pre-learned relaxation techniques. Dr. Phelps therapy technique is known as_______________. Implosive Therapy or Flooding Disruption of memory is the major defining

characteristic of this group of psychological disorders. Dissociative Disorders Mr. Ewwww is particularly sexually aroused by neon lights. Mr. Ewwww is a ____________. A) paraphiliac

B) voyeur C) massochist D) sadist Paraphiliac Bertha went to a therapist to cure the anxiety she would endure just before any big test. After

a few months of zero anxiety during testing situations, Bertha has now developed a need to open and close her front door exactly 2 times before entering or exiting it. What term describes what has happened to Bertha? Symptom Substitution Which of the following would you take to

treat depression? A) Xanax B) Prozac C) Valium D) Cloazril E) Thorazine Prozac

Those individuals with __________ have lower activation levels in the left frontal lobe. Depression Who created client-centered therapy and what is its goal?

Carl Rodgers Self-actualization The woman from the movie who was afraid of elevators had more than a simple phobia. She suffered from __________ with _________. Panic Disorder

Agoraphobia From a bio-psycho-social perspective, the psychological factor most directly related to physical illness is: A) Fear B) Aggression C) Sexuality

D) Stress Stress There is a stereotype that beauty pageant contestants are self-centered and selfcatering. Yet, they might have low selfesteem and are compensating for it by projecting such all about me images. What personality disorder might these

individuals have? Narcissistic PD Cayla is very angry with Erika for stealing her boyfriend. Cayla dares not get in a physical fight with Erika, so Cayla instead stuffs threatening, unsigned messages into Erikas locker warning her to Watch

Your Back. Cayla is well known for these subtle outbursts. What personality disorder does Cayla have? Passive-Aggressive Today, Samir made himself a sling for his arm he claims to have hurt in P.E. dodge ball. He tells everyone in the halls he might know about his

injury exaggerating the incident and pain. Last week, Samir screamed out in pain claiming to have broken his foot after tripping up the OL staircase. No one happened to be around, so Samir got up and continued on his way. What Axis I and Axis II disorders (1 from each) does Samir have? Hypochondriasis

Histrionic Personality Disorder What perspective would best explain the unequal frequency of depression by gender? Socio-Cultural Ben is extremely quiet in class. He never speaks

aloud and never contributes to his peer groups. He seems entirely afraid of social situations. What specific anxiety disorder (not personality disorder) does he have? Social phobia If we knew that Ben was truly afraid of his peers opinions of him and was not simply indifferent to other people, with what personality disorder could

we diagnose Ben? Shrinkage of cerebral tissue is characteristic of this disorder. Schizophrenia Ethically, Dr. Headrick should not date her new patient Mr. Roberts because of this

psychoanalytic term. Transference What operant conditioning technique is often used in mental institutions and prisons for encouraging desirable behavior? token economies

Antabuse, the drug that makes users of alcohol have an extremely negative reaction, is making use of what classical conditioning principle? Aversive Conditoning Yvonne is still depressed because the New England

Patriots failed to complete their perfect season. In any case, Yvonne blames herself for their loss because she couldnt find her favorite Patriots jersey on SuperBowl Sunday. Yvonnes therapist, Dr. House tries to convince Yvonne that she is being irrational in her thought patterns and she needs to realize she has no

control on the outcome of the game. Of what cognitive therapy is Dr. House making use? Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) An unanticipated result of the deinstitutionalization movement was _____________. an increase in the homeless population or

a greater percentage of mentally ill people in prison Name a specific drug used to treat schizophrenia. Clozaril, Haldol What was the cause of mental disorders

during the Middle Ages in Europe? Evil Spirits, other supernatural ideas The more slowly developing form of schizophrenia is called chronic or ________ schizophrenia, while the more acute form is called __________

schizophrenia. Process / Reactive This man, the father of medicine, suggested that all disorders are caused by natural forces. He described how all living things were composed of 4 things (earth, water, air, and fire) represented by 4 bodily fluids and when these

fluids were out of balance, we become ill. HippocratesBonus: What were those 4 bodily fluids Black bile, phlegm, yellow bile, blood One of the negative side effects of _______ is a loss of memory. A) Anti-depressant medication

B) Rational Emotive Therapy C) Aversion Therapy D) Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT What is the name of the side effect of taking anti-psychotic medication which

produces Parkinsons like symptoms including tremors? Tardive Dyskinesia Perhaps the earliest form of treating mental illness involving drilling holes in peoples heads was called __________. It many cases this procedure was performed

in order to __________. Trephining Release evil spirits What drug produces similar neurological and behavioral effects as schizophrenia in cocaine users who take high doses? (this drug tends to increase the amount of NT

associated with this disorder) cocaine What drug treats BiPolar Disorder? Lithium If you want to be prescribed Lithium, in most states, the only mental health

professional that can do so is a ______. PsycHIatrist This man suggested all diseases are contained within organs. He was the first anatomist, explaining his thorough knowledge of the human spinal cord.

Galen Name the 2 people credited with helping to push the humanitarian movement in treating mental illness during the 18th century. Dorthea Dix & Phillipe Pinel

Which perspective of psychology likely uses the double-blind technique most often? Medical Model / Drug Therapies

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