Define I/O Psychology Explain how I/O Psychology relates to others fields of psychology Identify work settings for I/O Psychologists Identify I/O Psychologys mandate Identify the 6 major subfields of I/O Psychology Discuss licensing issues
Illustrate high performing work setting Preview (cont) Review brief history of I/O Psychology Discuss changing nature of work
Explain cross-cultural interest in I/O Psychology Conclusions # I. What is I/O Psychology? A. Defining I/O Psychology Definition: Scientific study of behavior in the workplace & the professional practice dealing
with workplace behavioral issues. 2 sides of I/O psychology: Science Practice A. Defining I/O Psychology (cont) Many areas of psychology besides clinical & counseling psychology Career resource O*NET OnLine http://online.onetcenter.org/
I/O grad students talks about field http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=a3eWJ8C2Z7E I/O behavioral health space scientist http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=3ZcyxyfqbHQ A. Defining I/O Psychology (cont) Clinical/counseling/school vs. I/O Clients/patients
Problems/issues addressed Assessment & intervention strategies used Work settings/conditions Compensation/career advancement American Psychological Association (APA) has 53 divisions Numerous functions of the APA (e.g., seminars, journals, code of ethics) http://www.apa.org/
A. Defining I/O Psychology (cont) SIOP (Division 14) of APA http://www.siop.org/ American Psychological Society (APS) http://www.psychologicalscience.org/ 4 main work areas for I/O psychologists: Academia Consulting Firms Business Government
Fig 1.1, p. 4 B. Mandate of I/O Psychology Increase the fit between workforce & workplace during rapid change
Help workforce balance work/family issues C. 6 Sub-fields of I/O Psychology: 1. Selection & Placement Developing criteria & predictors, designing decision-making system for hiring Developing & using psychological tests & inventories in decisions 2. Training & Development (Organizational Learning)
Designing & evaluating effective learning systems C. 6 Sub-fields of I/O Psychology: (cont) 3. Performance Management (Appraisal) Designing & evaluating appraisal systems 4. Organizational Development Diagnosing organizational dysfunction Attitudes & motivation: job satisfaction,
involvement, organizational justice Designing & implementing intervention strategies for change Establishing & working with teams C. 6 Sub-fields of I/O Psychology: (cont) 5. Occupational Health & Quality of Worklife Stress issues assessment & intervention
Workplace violence prevention Balancing work & family 6. Ergonomics (human factors/engineering psychology) Equipment design D. Licensing of Psychologists Psychology regulates its own membership Also regulated by license law in every state Regulates both title & practice
Governed by state regulatory boards Determines standards for admission Conducts disciplinary actions D. Licensing of Psychologists (cont) Controversy About Licensing of I/O Psychologists I/O Psychologists not in clinical practice I/O has different mandate than health care
providers E. Example of High Performing Organizational Culture Video of SAS Company Cary, NC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NebIGpZIWI http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=9SCxJTmS1Eo http://www.sas.com/ #
II. Brief History of I/O Psychology A. Early Years (1900-1916) 2 major forces evolve the discipline Bryan studied development of Morse code skills (1904) Industrial engineers focusing on improving efficiency Time & motion studies
Industrialization and immigration lead to drive for social reform A. Early Years (1900-1916)(cont) Founding figures 1. Walter Dill Scott --The Psychology of Advertising, 1908 2. Frederick W. Taylor -- redesign of work situations; The Principles of Scientific Management, 1911
A. Early Years (1900-1916) (cont) Founding figures (cont) 3. Hugo Mnsterberg (applied scientific method to practical problems, e.g., safe trolley operators; father of I/O psychology; Psychology of Industrial Efficiency, 1913) B. World War I (1917-1918)
Robert Yerkes & Army Alpha & Beta Tests developed to screen recruits Journal of Applied Psychology founded 1917
C. Between the Wars (1919-1940) Applied psychology emerged as a discipline Psychological research bureaus came into full bloom Bureau of Salesmanship established at Carnegie Institute of Technology James Cattell founded the Psychological
Corporation http:// psychcorp.pearsonassessments.com C. Between the Wars (1919-1940) (cont) Hawthorne-Western Electric Studies/Harvard University Joint Venture
1924 Identified the Hawthorne Effect: showed the significance of novelty (a psychological factor) in productivity Revealed the complexity of human behavior (workers are not machines) Fig 1.2, p. 11 D. World War II (1941-1945)
Selection & Training tests Group ability testingArmy General Classification Test (AGCT) Situational stress tests for Office of Strategic Services (OSS) (military intelligence) Early situational tests: select, train pilots; measure attitude, morale
Development of more employment tests in industry E. Toward Specialization (19461963) Development of college & graduate programs in I/O Psychology
Creation of SIOP, APA Division 14 (1946) [1st president was Bruce Moore--PSU] E. Toward Specialization (19461963) (cont) Sub-specialties crystallized Engineering Psychology ergonomics (1950-1960)
Personnel Psychology Human Relations Movement (1950s), e.g., Organization Development & Change F. Government Intervention (19641993) Government scrutiny emerged as a second authority
1964 Civil Rights Act (Title VII) 1970s government regulation of testing, selection, and placement: Uniform Employment Guidelines F. Government Intervention (19641993) (cont) Americans with Disabilities Act - 1990 Updated Civil Rights Act 1990 Family and Medical Leave Act 1993
G. The Information Age (1994present) Internet influence on change: I.T. Move from specialist to generalists Advent of e-business and the virtual
workplace Speed of delivery of products & services The concept of job erodes to work teams # III. Changing Nature of Work Changes in organizations & work over history is challenge for I/O Psychology: Industrial revolution Mass production
Information technology Global economy Future organizations & work # IV. Cross-cultural Psychology Global Issues Word definitions & meanings
Corporate policies & procedures Values differences Length of the work week Collectivist vs. individualist societes # V. Conclusions I/O Psychology is a very new science & practice not yet well known. I/O likely has a great futuregood career choice.
Organizations & the nature of work have changed greatly over the past centuries & will likely change even morefinding the ideal match between jobs and people will always be challenge for I/O. ###
CLOS network . with distributed scheduling. High read/write performance . demonstrated(2 Gbyte/s, single-replicated, from one process) Fast failure recovery (0.6 TB in 33.7 s with 1,000 disks) High application performance - set the 2012 world record for disk-to-disk sorting
Arial MS Pゴシック ヒラギノ角ゴ Pro W3 Tahoma Times Courier New Blank Presentation Microsoft Visio Drawing Python programming Python JES - Jython Environment for Students Python interaction through commands print displays the value of an expression Command Area Editing Variables are...
These are common combinations: Gustar + infinitive = to like to Encantar + infinitive = to love to Necesitar + infinitive = to need to Pensar + infinitive = to plan to Preferir + infinitive = to prefer to Querer...
Play With Little Identity Play The Example of Alternate Reality Games The Face of Facebook: Rules for One-to-Many Print Ephemera "On Face Work" by Erving Goffman "Face Threatening Acts" in Brown and Levinson "Face" vs. "Trust" in Tactical Iraqi Winning...
Sociology interested in group behavior of complex societies v. anthropology focuses on past cultures and present simple societies. Economists - sociologists study the effects of economic factors on the lives of different groups in society. Political science - SS study...
History of integration -Archimedes is the founder of surface areas and volumes of solids such as the sphere and the cone. His integration method was very modern since he did not have algebra, or the decimal representation of numbers -Gauss...
EPS + OBC + Radio ON (by default) None - Tumbling. 30 s max. UHF/VHF Antennas Deployment. Beacon every 1 min. NIGHT. AUTO. ... ADCS Fine Sun Sensor and Star Tracker Commissioning. Fine Sun Sensor Commissioning. Sun Tracking. 1 orbit...
Stigma: Prejudice and Discrimination. It's an ugly, six-letter word that can single-handedly dictate how our life will turn out. Mental health stigma can mean the difference between getting that dream job or remaining unemployed. Between getting that coveted boyfriend or...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!