Rational Equations and Functions Algebra II Chapter 8 This Slideshow was developed to accompany the textbook Larson Algebra 2 By Larson, R., Boswell, L., Kanold, T. D., & Stiff, L.

2011 Holt McDougal Some examples and diagrams are taken from the textbook. Slides created by Richard Wright, Andrews Academy [email protected] 8.1 Model Inverse and Joint Variation

Direct Variation: y = ax x , y Inverse Variation: x , y Joint Variation: y = axz y depends on both x and z a is the constant of

variation 8.1 Model Inverse and Joint Variation What type of variation is each of the following? xy = 48 2y = x

y = 2x + 3 8.1 Model Inverse and Joint Variation Solving Variations Plug in x and y to find a Plug in a and the other value and solve y varies inversely as x. When x = 2, y = 6. Write an equation

relating x and y. Then find y when x = 4. 8.1 Model Inverse and Joint Variation Checking data for variation Plug each of the data points in one of the variation equations to find a If the a stays the same, the data has that type of variation What type of variation?

X 2 4 8 y 8

4 2 8.1 Model Inverse and Joint Variation Writing variations from sentences y varies directly with x and inversely with z2

z varies jointly with x2 and y y varies inversely with x and z 555 #3-33 odd, 39, 41 + 2 = 20 total Quiz

8.1 Homework Quiz 8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions Rational Functions Functions written as a fraction with x in the denominator

Shape called hyperbola Asymptotes Horizontal: x-axis Vertical: y-axis 8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions General form a stretches vertically (multiplies y-values) h moves right k moves up

How i transformed from ? 8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions How to find asymptotes Vertical Make the denominator = 0 and solve for x

8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions Horizontal Or

Substitute a very large number for x and estimate y Find the degree of numerator (N) Find the degree of denominator (D) If N < D, then y = 0 If N = D, then y = leading coefficients

If N > D, then no horizontal asymptote Find the asymptotes for 8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions Domain All xs except for the vertical asymptotes Range

All the ys covered in the graph Usually all ys except for horizontal asymptote 8.2 Graph Simple Rational Functions Graph by finding asymptotes

and making a table Graph 561 #1, 3-31 every other odd, 39, 41 + 4 = 15 total Quiz 8.2 Homework Quiz

8.3 Graph General Rational Functions Find the asymptotes Simplify first Factor and cancel entire factors Vertical take the denominator = 0 and solve for x 8.3 Graph General Rational Functions

Horizontal Or

Substitute a very large number for x and estimate y Find the degree of numerator (N) Find the degree of denominator (D) If N < D, then y = 0 If N = D, then y = leading coefficients If N > D, then no horizontal asymptote Find the asymptotes for

8.3 Graph General Rational Functions How to find x-intercepts Let If Only happens if numerator = 0 How to find y-intercepts Let and simplify

8.3 Graph General Rational Functions To graph rational functions Find the asymptotes Make a table of values around the vertical asymptotes Graph the asymptotes and points Start near an asymptote, go through the points and end near another asymptote Each graph will have several sections NEVER cross a vertical asymptote

8.3 Graph General Rational Functions Graph 568 #3-15 odd, 19, 23, 33, 35 + 4 = 15 total

Quiz 8.3 Homework Quiz 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions Simplified form numerator and denominator can have no common factors

Steps to simplify Factor numerator and denominator Cancel any common factors 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions Simplify 3

2 +5 +6 3 2 +2 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions Multiplying Rational Expressions Factor numerators and denominators

Multiply across top and bottom Cancel factors 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions Dividing Rational Expressions

Take reciprocal of divisor Multiply 8.4 Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions Combined Operations Do the first two operations Use that result with the next operation

577 #3, 7-17 odd, 25-43 odd, 49 + 2 = 20 Quiz 8.4 Homework Quiz 8.5 Add and Subtract Rational Expressions Adding and Subtracting Need least common denominator (LCD)

If LCD already present, add or subtract numerators only To get fractions with LCD Factor all denominators LCD is the common factors times the unique factors Whatever you multiply the denominator by, multiply the numerator also 8.5 Add and Subtract Rational Expressions

8.5 Add and Subtract Rational Expressions +1 1 2 2 +6+9 9

8.5 Add and Subtract Rational Expressions Simplifying Complex Fractions Fractions within fractions Follow order of operations (groups first) Divide 8.5 Add and Subtract Rational Expressions

586 #3, 7, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 39, 41 + 4 = 20 Quiz 8.5 Homework Quiz 8.6 Solve Rational Equations

Only when the = sign is present!!! Method 1: simplify both sides and cross multiply

Method 2: Multiply both sides by LCD to remove fractions Solve Check answers 8.6 Solve Rational Equations

8.6 Solve Rational Equations 8.6 Solve Rational Equations

592 #5-27 odd, 31, 35, 37 + 5 = 20 Quiz 8.6 Homework Quiz 8.Review 607 choose 20