Reading and Phonics in the Early Years Phonics is all about using Knowledg Skills for e of the reading alphabet and spelling Learning phonics will help your child to become a good reader
and writer. + Every child in FS2 learn daily phonics at their level Phonics gradually progresses to learning spellings rules etc. Every day the children have 20 minute sessions of phonics. Fast paced approach Lessons encompass a range of games, songs and rhymes
We use the Letters and Sounds planning document to support the teaching of phonics and Jolly Phonics. There are 6 phonics phases which the children work through at their own pace Phonic terms your child will learn at school Phonemes: The smallest units of sound that are found within a word Grapheme: The spelling of the sound e.g. Th Digraph: Two letters that make one sound when
read Trigraphs: Three letters that make one sound CVC: Stands for consonant, vowel, consonant. Segmenting: Breaking up a word into its sounds. Blending : Putting the sounds together to read a word Tricky words: Words that cannot easily be decoded. Phase 1: Getting ready for phonics 1. Tuning into sounds 2. Listening and remembering
sounds 3. Talking about sounds Music and movement Rhythm and rhyme Sound effects Speaking and listening skills Phase 2: Learning phonemes to read and write simple words Children will learn their first 19 phonemes: Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4: ck (as in duck) e u r
Set 5: h b l f ff (as in puff) ll (as in hill) hiss) ss (as in They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words: sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hiss All these words contain 3 phonemes. Blending Children need to be able to hear the separate sounds in a word and then blend them together
to say the whole word . /b/ /e/ /d/ = bed /t/ /i/ /n/ = tin /m/ /u/ /g/= mug Your children will learn to use the term: Segmenting Children need to be able to hear a whole word and say every sound that they hear . bed = /b/ /e/ /d/
tin= /t/ /i/ /n/ mug= /m/ /u/ /g/ Tricky Words There are many words that cannot be blended or segmented because they are irregular. For example;
the, was, said, you, some Phase 3: Learning the long vowel phonemes Children will enter phase 3 once they are mostly secure in phase 2 and can blend and segment to read and spell CVC words. They will learn another 26 phonemes: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words: chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night,
boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn, town, coin, dear, fair, sure What Is Good Reading? Basic reading requires the reader to share the words that the author has chosen to use in the text. Good reading is understanding what the author and illustrator are trying to convey. Good reading is improved when the reader brings experiences to the text and gains understanding from the text. Excellent reading requires the reader to use a wide
combination of skills including phonics, word recognition, grammatical understanding and comprehension. Session 1: First Steps Building a good foundation for reading, enjoying stories, handling books, understanding that print holds meaning. Working out the words, What does it say?
Phonics Word recognition Grammatical awareness Session 2: Comprehension Responding to the text Who? What? Where?
Developing a deeper understanding Why? How? What will happen next? Empathise with characters. How is reading taught in school? Guided reading (Reading in group) Shared reading (Working with the teacher as a whole class on a single big book)
Teacher reading to the class Paired reading (Reading with another child) Some individual reading Phonics work (Letters and sounds and Jolly Phonics) Learning tricky words on sight (Included in the reading diary) Reading Scheme Your child will become involved in a guided reading group
once we feel they are ready to access this, depending on their age and stage of development. In class we will be using our Guided Reading Set books, which include Dandelion Launchers. These will not be sent home as they are a focus in class, but we will send games home connected to the book, so that the letter sound can be focussed upon. You can keep these games at home and record how your child played the game in their reading diary. We may alternate this with the ORT books, so that the children build up their recognition of sight words. An additional book, which could be an Oxford Reading Tree book will be sent home with the children on a Friday.
Reading with your child Reading with your child should be done on a daily basis and recorded in their reading diary. Reading with your child should involve a mixture of discussion and decoding the print, if print is used. Reading should be a pleasant time for the parent and child and should last up to twenty minutes. We ask you to read 4 times a week and to record this in your childs diary. If there are 4 entries then your child will receive a raffle ticket and will be entered into our weekly reading raffle.
Dont forget Learning to read should be fun for both children and parents.
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