Reflection of Light - EIU

Reflection of Light Definitions Luminous objects generate their own light (the sun) Illuminated objects reflect light (the moon) Line of Sight a line from an object or image to your eyes (light from the

object travels along this line to your Slide 2 eyes) Line of Sight Both luminous & illuminated objects emit/reflect light in many directions.

Your eye sees only the very small diverging cone of rays that is coming toward it. Slide 3 Rays of Light

Incident Ray leaves the object and strikes the mirror Reflected Ray leaves mirror and strikes your eye The reflected ray is on the line of sight from the image to your eye.

Slide 4 Law of Reflection Angle of incidence equals angle of reflection. Slide 5 Law of Reflection

Normal line perpendicular to the mirror surface Angle of incidence angle between incident ray and normal

Slide 6 Angle of reflection angle between reflected ray and normal Law of Reflection Animation

i r Slide 7 Diffuse Reflection Slide 8 Diffuse Reflection

Slide 9 Wet Road Glare Driving at night on a wet roadway results in an annoying glare from oncoming headlights. Slide 10

Observing an Image An image is a position in space from which all reflected light appears to diverge. Image formed by a plane mirror is called a virtual image.

Virtual images are formed in regions where there is actually no light Slide 11 Image Location Slide 12

Image Formed By Plane Mirror Image is virtual. Image is located as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of the mirror. Slide 13

How Big Must the Mirror Be? Slide 14 Distance from Mirror Irrelevant Slide 15

Right Angle Mirror Slide 16 Right Angle Mirror Formation of primary and

secondary images Slide 17 Kaleidoscope Angles smaller than 90o produce more than 3 images

Slide 18 Kaleidoscope Applets Hinged Mirror Applet Image Formation Applet Slide 19

Reflection Applets Plane Mirror Image Applets Double Mirror Images Hinged Mirror Applet Rainbow Applets Law of Reflection Curved Mirrors Angle of Incidence

is equal to the angle of reflection Converging Mirror A series of flat mirrors can be arranged to reflect parallel light through a single point. Increasing the number

of flat mirrors causes the shape to more closely approximate a parabola and causes the reflected light to converge in a smaller area. Parabolic vs Spherical

Close to the axis of the mirror, the parabola and the circle are almost the same shape. Farther from axis the parabola flattens out. It is easier and less

expensive to make spherical mirrors. Types of Curved Mirrors A concave mirror is silvered on the inside of the sphere. A concave mirror is also called a converging

mirror because it converges parallel light. A convex mirror is silvered on the outside of the bowl. A convex mirror is also called a diverging mirror because it diverges parallel light.

Concave Mirror Terms Axis

Center of Curvature Radius of Curvature Focus Focal Length Three Useful Rays Ray parallel to the axis reflects through the focus.

Ray through the focus reflects parallel to the axis. Ray through the center of curvature reflects back on itself.

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