Relational Mobility

Relational Mobility

RELATIONAL MOBILITY HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY RELATIONAL MOBILITY Relational mobility represents how

much freedom and opportunity a society gives individuals to choose and dispose of interpersonal relationships RELATIONAL MOBILITY In some societies,

relationships are mostly fixed. Other societies are much more open and have freedom and more choices with relationships options.

LOW Societies with low relational mobility have less flexible interpersonal relationships and networks LESS CHOICE LESS FREEDOM,

SOCIALLY Relational mobility society-level latent means in visual format. Robert Thomson et al. PNAS 2018;115:29:7521-7526 2018 by National Academy of Sciences

WHY For decades, sociologists, economists, psychologists, and anthropologists have tried to understand why societies have different relationship markets WHAT DO YOU THINK? Why do you think some societies have higher relational mobility?

RESEARCH FOUND Relational mobility is lower in historically farming/agricultural societies, especially those harvesting rice. Why do you think that is?

RESEARCH FOUND Relational mobility was found to be higher in societies that have more land for herding (raising animals) compared to land for raising crops.

Why do you think that is? HERDING On the opposite side of the spectrum is herding. Herders move frequently, meaning that they have fewer stable, long-term relationships and more opportunities to form and break relationships. Studies have shown that herding cultures are more individualistic than

nearby farming cultures. We found that societies that have historically devoted more crop land to paddy rice had lower relational and that societies with more herding land had higher relational mobility FARMING Relational mobility would be lower in societies with more interdependent subsistence styles.

On the one hand, farming cultures tend to be more sedentary and interdependent, with stable communities and labor exchange that put people in tight relationships with reciprocal duties. Among different crops, paddy rice is particularly interdependent, requiring tight coordination of labor and irrigation

Relational mobility is lower in societies that traditionally practiced more settled, interdependent subsistence styles. Robert Thomson et al. PNAS 2018;115:29:7521-7526 2018 by National Academy of Sciences THREATS

Second, research found that relational mobility is lower in societies that have historical and ecological threats. Why do you think that is? THREATS Research suggests that a basic human response to threat is group

cohesion and cooperation, strong norms, and insularity In short, regions that have faced more threats tend to have limited community sizes and less openness to outsiders. Thus, we expected that relational mobility would be lower in societies with high ecological threat. Relational mobility is lower in countries that had higher historical threats, such as natural disaster, disease, greater pressure on resources, and more territorial threats.

Robert Thomson et al. PNAS 2018;115:29:7521-7526 2018 by National Academy of Sciences WHATS THE DIFFERECE We theorize that general trust and selfesteem is higher in relationally mobile

societies because society gives people the confidence to approach new desirable people in an open and competitive interpersonal marketplace. Another consequence is that friends tend to be more similar to each other in relationally mobile societies, because there are more opportunities to find likeminded friends and leave relationships if

peoples interests diverge. WHATS THE DIFFERENCE There is some prior evidence that people in relationally mobile societies also share personal information more quickly (selfdisclosure), give social support

more frequently, and report higher intimacy with romantic partners.. In low relational mobile societies, relationships are stable and more difficult to change, and therefore, the task of having to maintain the relationships is less important.

Overall multilevel systems view of relational mobility. Robert Thomson et al. PNAS 2018;115:29:7521-7526 2018 by National Academy of Sciences COLLECTIVIS T

CULUTURES QUALITIES OF COLLECTIVIST PEOPLE? QUALITIES Individualis m

Collectivis m 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.)

1.) Self Sacrificing 2.) Dependable 3.) Generous 4.) Helpful Strong

Assertive Self Reliant Independent OTHER ELEMENTS REAL LIFE EXAMPLES

How can this affect: WORK/BUSINESS LIFE CONSUMER BEHAVIOR DRESS HEALTH CARE DESCRIBING YOURSLEF (ROLES VS PERSOAL CHARACTERISTICS) SOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT YOU CARE ABOUT

UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE (UAI) It refers to a country or cultures level of tolerance or comfort for ambiguity, uncertainty, unknown, and unstructured situations.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Chapter 2 Notes

    Chapter 2 Notes

    Chapter Objectives Draw and interpret motion and particle diagrams. Define displacement and time interval and solve for them using given equations. Draw and interpret position vs. time graphs illustrating motion. Differentiate between vectors and scalars. Use average velocity equation to...
  • Musculoskeletal System Sugito Wonodirekso, MS, Dr Department of

    Musculoskeletal System Sugito Wonodirekso, MS, Dr Department of

    Histogenesis. Mesenchymal cells of mesodermal origin fuse to each other to make. Myoblasts which then fuse to make. Myotubes which later . Elongate by incorporating additional myoblasts. Eventually accumulated myofilaments which are organized into myofibrils and displaced nuclei and other...
  • The seismogram was recorded at a seismic station

    The seismogram was recorded at a seismic station

    P & S waves arrive at a seismometer. P arrival is subtracted from S arrival to determine arrival difference ("lag time"). Travel time chart (edge of paper!) used to find unique location of epicenter distance. Circle of correct distance drawn...
  • Drawing of Sufficient Detail (DOSD)

    Drawing of Sufficient Detail (DOSD)

    Cross Section - Proposed utility pipeline has been drawn to scale to prove/show it is correctly being relocated and out of conflict with the proposed project. In this case, the pipeline utility was going to perform this work prior to...
  • NHS Supply Chain Excellence - Home | PLYMOUTH.GOV.UK

    NHS Supply Chain Excellence - Home | PLYMOUTH.GOV.UK

    Integrated Personal Commissioning (IPC): Enable integrated, person-centred support around individuals to promote independence & self-management: • Developing a systematic approach for building community capacity & developing peer support which builds peoples knowledge, skills & confidence to self-manage • Developing a...
  • Tips on Shooting and Editing Video Preproduction  Concept

    Tips on Shooting and Editing Video Preproduction Concept

    Tips on Shooting and Editing Video Preproduction Concept Purpose of Video. Constraints. Script Description of Shots and Settings. Written Dialogue and Narration.
  • L.O: students will be able to describe air temperature and ...

    L.O: students will be able to describe air temperature and ...

    We model temperatures on weather maps by drawing isotherms. Isotherms: lines connecting points with equal temperatures. Based on the map, state the relationship between latitude and temperature. ... These lines are called isobars. 3 Factors that affect atmospheric pressure. Altitude....
  • Agency Administrator Incident Business Management ...

    Agency Administrator Incident Business Management ...

    Agency Administrator Incident Business Management Responsibilities ... Service and Supply Plan Casual Hiring Process Payment Processes EERA Process * AA Session * Pre-Season (cont.) Assess unit's capability to support an incident. Staff Qualifications Availability of Other Resources * AA ...