Research methods of sociology - Paulding County School District

Research methods of sociology - Paulding County School District

RESEARCH METHODS OF SOCIOLOGY Ammons NPHS TYPES OF RESEARCH METHODS Survey Secondary Analysis Field Research Experimental Method

SURVEY People are asked a series of questions. Sample must be representative (random selection). Closed ended questions generally used Q

ues tion I nte rvie naire w SECONDARY ANALYSIS Using pre-collected information for data collection and research purposes.

May include government publications, voting lists, prison records, statistics compiled by other sources. FIELD RESEARCH Research that takes place in a natural (nonlaboratory) setting. Case study: thorough investigation of a single group, incident or

community. Participant observation: a researcher becomes a member of the group they are studying. EXPERIMENTAL METHOD Research occurs in a laboratory setting with a minimum of contaminating influences CAUSATION IN SCIENCE Quantitative Variable

can be measured and given a numerical value. i.e.: age, income, size Qualitative Variable identified by membership in a category. An either/or or a yes/

no variable. CAUSATION IN SCIENCE Independent Variable: causes something to occur. Dependent Variable: changes as a result of a shift in the independent variable. Intervening Variable: influences the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. Example: Poverty (Independent)

support program (Intervening variable) (Dependent) Government Hunger CORRELATION Correlation: a measure of how things relate to one another Positive Correlation: independent and dependent variables change in the

same direction. Amount of hours spent studying grades Negative Correlation: independent and dependent variables change in opposite directions. Time spent watching television grades

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